As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 20, 2020
Registration No. 333-______
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
ELECTRAMECCANICA VEHICLES CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)||
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
102 East 1st Avenue
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5T 1A4
Telephone: (604) 428-7656
(Address and telephone number of principal executive offices)
Michael Paul Rivera
EMV Automotive USA Inc.
11647 Ventura Boulevard, Studio City, California, U.S.A., 91604
Telephone: (818) 856-8170
(Name, address, and telephone number of agent of service)
Thomas J. Deutsch, Esq.
Michael Shannon, Esq.
Royal Centre, 1055 West Georgia Street, Suite 1500
P.O. Box 11117
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6E 4N7
Telephone: (604) 689-9111
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.
If only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box. ¨
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, check the following box. x
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨
If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.C. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ¨
If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.C. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933.
Emerging growth company x
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ¨
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
|Title of each class of
securities to be
|Amount to be
per share or
offering price (3)
|Common Shares, no par value|
|Preferred Shares, no par value|
|(1)||There are being registered hereunder such indeterminate number of the securities of each identified class being registered as may be sold by the registrant from time to time at indeterminate prices, with the maximum aggregate public offering price not to exceed US$200,000,000.|
|(2)||The proposed maximum aggregate price per unit of each class of securities will be determined from time to time by the registrant in connection with the issuance by the registrant of the securities registered hereunder and is not specified as to each class of securities pursuant to the General Instruction II.C. of Form F-3 under the Securities Act of 1933.|
|(3)||Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(o) under the Securities Act of 1933. In no event will the aggregate offering price of all securities sold by the registrant from time to time pursuant to this registration statement exceed US$200,000,000.|
The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until this Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
The information in this preliminary prospectus is not complete and may be changed. These securities may not be sold until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This preliminary prospectus is not an offer to sell nor does it seek an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
Subject to Completion: Preliminary Prospectus Dated November 20, 2020
ELECTRAMECCANICA VEHICLES CORP.
We may offer, from time to time, in one or more offerings, common shares, preferred shares, warrants or units, which we collectively refer to as the “securities”. The aggregate initial offering price of the securities that we may offer and sell under this prospectus will not exceed US$200,000,000. We may offer and sell any combination of the securities described in this prospectus in different series, at times, in amounts, at prices and on terms to be determined at, or prior to, the time of each offering. This prospectus describes the general terms of these securities and the general manner in which these securities will be offered. We will provide the specific terms of these securities in supplements to this prospectus. The prospectus supplements will also describe the specific manner in which these securities will be offered and may also supplement, update or amend information contained in this prospectus. This prospectus may not be used to consummate a sale of securities unless accompanied by the applicable prospectus supplement. You should read this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement before you invest.
The securities covered by this prospectus may be offered through one or more underwriters, dealers and agents or directly to purchasers. The names of any underwriters, dealers or agents, if any, will be included in a supplement to this prospectus. For general information about the distribution of securities offered, please see “Plan of Distribution” herein.
Our common shares are traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “SOLO” and our warrants issued pursuant to a registration statement on Form F-1 (No. 333-222814) (the “Registered Warrants”) are traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “SOLOW”. On November 18, 2020, the closing price of our common shares and Registered Warrants as reported by the Nasdaq Capital Market was US$6.91 per common share and US$4.09 per Registered Warrant, respectively. As of November 16, 2020, the aggregate market value of our outstanding common shares held by non-affiliates using the closing price on the Nasdaq Capital Market of US$6.21 was approximately US$419,170,287 based on 78,082,644 outstanding common shares, of which approximately 67,499,241 common shares were held by non-affiliates.
We completed a two-for-one reverse stock split on May 15, 2018. All share and per share information in this prospectus has been adjusted to reflect this reverse stock split.
We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in section 3(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and are therefore eligible for certain exemptions from various reporting requirements applicable to reporting companies under the Exchange Act. See “Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company” herein.
Unless otherwise specified in an applicable prospectus supplement, our preferred shares, warrants and units will not be listed on any securities or stock exchange or on any automated dealer quotation system.
In reviewing this prospectus and the documents incorporated herein by reference you should carefully consider the matters described under “Risk Factors” herein.
This investment involves a high degree of risk. You should purchase securities only if you can afford a complete loss.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this Prospectus is ____________ __, 2020.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS||1|
|ABOUT THE COMPANY||2|
|CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING THE FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS||34|
|PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION AND EXCHANGE RATE DATA||36|
|USE OF PROCEEDS||37|
|OFFER AND LISTING DETAILS||37|
|DESCRIPTION OF SHARE CAPITAL||38|
|DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS||38|
|DESCRIPTION OF UNITS||40|
|INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS||40|
|PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION||40|
|WHERE YOU CAN GET MORE INFORMATION||41|
|INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE||43|
|ENFORCEABILITY OF CIVIL LIABILITIES||43|
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is a part of a registration statement that we have filed with the SEC utilizing a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, we may sell any combination of the securities described in this prospectus in one or more offerings up to an aggregate initial offering price of US$200,000,000.
Each time we sell securities, we will provide a supplement to this prospectus that contains specific information about the securities being offered and the specific terms of that offering. The supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus. If there is any inconsistency between the information in this prospectus and any prospectus supplement, you should rely on the prospectus supplement.
We may offer and sell securities to, or through, underwriting syndicates or dealers, through agents or directly to purchasers. The prospectus supplement for each offering of securities will describe in detail the plan of distribution for that offering.
In connection with any offering of securities (unless otherwise specified in a prospectus supplement), the underwriters or agents may over-allot or effect transactions which stabilize or maintain the market price of the securities offered at a higher level than that which might exist in the open market. Such transactions, if commenced, may be interrupted or discontinued at any time. See “Plan of Distribution” herein.
Please carefully read both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement together with the documents incorporated herein by reference under “Incorporation by Reference” and the additional information described below under “Where You Can Get More Information” herein.
Prospective investors should be aware that the acquisition of the securities described herein may have tax consequences. You should read the tax discussion contained in the applicable prospectus supplement and consult your tax advisor with respect to your own particular circumstances.
You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any prospectus supplement. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. The distribution or possession of this prospectus in or from certain jurisdictions may be restricted by law. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted or where the person making the offer or sale is not qualified to do so or to any person to whom it is not permitted to make such offer or sale. The information contained in this prospectus is accurate only as of the date of this prospectus and any information incorporated by reference is accurate as of the date of the applicable document incorporated by reference, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of the securities. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.
In this prospectus and in any prospectus supplement, unless the context otherwise requires, references to:
|·||the term(s) “we”, “us”, “our”, “Company”, “our company”, “Electrameccanica” and “our business” refer to Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp., either alone or together with our subsidiaries as the context requires;|
|·||“Exchange Act” refers to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended;|
|·||“Securities Act” refers to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended;|
|·||“FINRA” refers to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority;|
|·||“Nasdaq” refers to the Nasdaq Capital Market;|
|·||“SEC” or the “Commission” refers to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission; and|
|·||“prospectus” includes this document and any information incorporated herein by reference.|
We completed a two-for-one reverse stock split on May 15, 2018. All share and per share information in this prospectus has been adjusted to reflect this reverse stock split.
All dollar amounts in this prospectus are expressed in Canadian dollars unless otherwise indicated. Our accounts are maintained in Canadian dollars, and our financial statements are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. All references to “U.S. dollars”, “USD”, or to “US$” are to United States dollars.
ABOUT THE COMPANY
We are a development-stage electric vehicle, or “EV”, manufacturer company located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Our initial product line targets urban commuters, commercial fleets/deliveries and shared mobility seeking to commute in an efficient, cost-effective and environmentally friendly manner.
Our first flagship EV is the SOLO, a single seat vehicle, of which we have built 64 prototype vehicles in-house as of September 30, 2020 and 60 pre-production vehicles with our manufacturing partner, Zongshen Industrial Group Co. Ltd. (“Zongshen”). We have used some of these pre-mass production vehicles as prototypes and for certification purposes, have delivered some to customers and have used others as test drive models in our showroom. We believe our schedule to mass produce EVs, combined with our subsidiary, Intermeccanica International Inc.’s (“Intermeccanica”), 61-year history of automotive design, manufacturing and deliveries of motor vehicles to customers, significantly differentiates us from other early and development stage EV companies.
We launched commercial production of our SOLO on August 26, 2020. For the quarter ended September 30, 2020, we have produced six SOLOs. We currently have four existing retail locations: two in Southern California; one in Scottsdale, Arizona; and one in Portland, Oregon. During November of 2020, we expect to open six new additional locations in both California (as to four) and Arizona (as to two). Deliveries will be made to key markets along the U.S. west coast as the Company continues to expand. The Company has targeted in early 2021 for initial deliveries to customers.
On September 16, 2020, we announced plans to produce an alternative “utility and fleet” version of our flagship SOLO EV, which is expected to become available in 2021.
To support our production, we have entered into a manufacturing agreement with Zongshen, acting through its wholly-owned subsidiary (the “Manufacturing Agreement”). Zongshen is an affiliate of Zongshen Power Machinery Co., Ltd., a large-scale scientific and technical enterprise which designs, develops, manufactures and sells a diverse range of motorcycles and motorcycle engines in China. Zongshen has previously purchased common shares and warrants to purchase common shares from us, and beneficially owns approximately 3.5% of our common shares.
We have another EV candidate in early design development stage, the Tofino, an all-electric, two-seater roadster.
We have devoted substantial resources to create an affordable EV which brings significant performance and value to our customers. To this end, we envision the SOLO carrying a manufacturer’s suggested retail price of US$18,500, prior to any surcharge to cover tariffs (discussed below), and being powered by a high-performance electric rear drive motor which enables the SOLO to achieve:
|·||a top speed of 80 mph and an attainable cruise speed of 68 mph resulting from its lightweight aerospace composite chassis;|
|·||acceleration from 0 mph to 60 mph in approximately ten seconds; and|
|·||a range of up to 100 miles generated from a lithium ion battery system that requires up to four hours of charging time on a 220-volt charging station (up to eight hours from a 110-volt outlet) that utilizes approximately 8.64 kW/h.|
Unique to Canada, the SOLO is under the three-wheeled vehicle category and is subject to the safety standards listed in Schedule III of the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations. See “Government Regulation” herein.
For sale into the United States, we and our vehicles must meet the applicable provisions of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 —Transportation. Since the U.S. regulations do not have a specific class for three-wheeled “autocycles”, the SOLO falls under the definition of a motorcycle pursuant to Sec. 571.3 of 49 CFR Part 571. However, currently a motorcycle license is not required to drive them in all but the States of Alaska, Florida, New York and Massachusetts. Motorcycle helmets must be worn while operating in the States of New York and Massachusetts. Helmets are also required if the driver is under 18 years old in the States of Alaska, Montana, Colorado and New Hampshire. See “Government Regulation” herein.
Potential Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
In December 2019, a strain of novel coronavirus (now commonly known as COVID-19) was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China. COVID-19 has since spread rapidly throughout many countries, and, on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be a pandemic. In an effort to contain and mitigate the spread of COVID-19, many countries, including the United States, Canada and China, have imposed unprecedented restrictions on travel, and there have been business closures and a substantial reduction in economic activity in countries that have had significant outbreaks of COVID-19.
Our manufacturing partner, Zongshen, reports that its operations have not been materially affected at this point, and with our partner Zongshen we have begun producing the SOLO for targeted deliveries to customers during early 2021. However, significant uncertainty remains as to the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our and Zongshen’s operations, and on the global economy as a whole. Government-imposed restrictions on travel and other “social-distancing” measures, such as restrictions on assemblies of groups of persons, have potential to disrupt supply chains for parts and sales channels for our products, and may result in labor shortages.
It is currently not possible to predict how long the pandemic will last or the time that it will take for economic activity to return to prior levels. We will continue to monitor the COVID-19 situation closely, and intend to follow health and safety guidelines as they evolve.
Potential Impact of Tariffs
A growing trade dispute between the United States and China could increase the proposed sales price of our products or decrease our profits, if any. In June 2018, the current U.S. administration imposed tariffs on $34 billion of Chinese exports, including a 25% duty on cars built in China and shipped to the United States. Following the imposition of these tariffs, China has imposed additional tariffs on U.S. goods manufactured in the United States and exported to China. Subsequently, the U.S. administration indicated that it may impose tariffs on up to US$500 billion of goods manufactured in China and imported into the United States. These tariffs may escalate a nascent trade war between China and the United States. This trade conflict could affect our business because we intend to mass produce the SOLO in China and our intended principal market is the west coast of North America. If a trade war were to escalate or if tariffs were imposed on any of our products, we could be forced to increase the proposed sales price of such products or reduce the margins, if any, on such products.
Recently, U.S. Customs and Border Protection ruled that the SOLO has a classification under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States that applies to passenger vehicles for less than 10 people with only electric motors. The total applicable duty for this classification was recently raised to 27.5% (2.5% is a “most-favored-nation” tariff for this classification and 25% derives from this classification being on the China 301 List 1). As indicated above, we envision that the base purchase price for our SOLO will be approximately US$18,500. As the landscape for tariffs involving imports to the United States from the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”) has been changing over the past year and may change again, we have not determined how to adjust the base purchase price in the United States in response to the recent tariff increase.
On January 15, 2020, the United States and the PRC signed an Economic and Trade Agreement commonly referred to as the “Phase 1 Trade Agreement”, which entered into force on February 14, 2020. Notwithstanding the coming into force of the Phase 1 Trade Agreement, the United States will maintain its tariffs on cars built in China and shipped to the United States.
Corporate Structure and Principal Executive Offices
We were incorporated on February 16, 2015 under the laws of British Columbia, Canada, and have a December 31st fiscal year end. As of November 18, 2020, we had 78,710,076 common shares outstanding.
Our principal executive offices are located at 102 East 1st Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5T 1A4. Our telephone number is (604) 428-7656. Our website address is www.electrameccanica.com. Information on our website does not constitute part of this prospectus. Our registered and records office is located at Suite 1500, 1055 West Georgia Street, P.O. Box 11117, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6E 4N7.
We have four subsidiaries: Intermeccanica, a British Columbia, Canada, corporation; EMV Automotive USA Inc., a Nevada corporation; SOLO EV LLC, a Michigan limited liability company; and EMV Automotive Technology (Chongqing) Ltd., a PRC corporation.
We cannot guarantee that a significant number of the pre-orders and expressions of interest, if any, will become binding or result in sales. We have an online reservation system which allows a potential customer to reserve a SOLO by paying a refundable US$250 deposit and a Tofino by paying a refundable US$1,000 deposit. Once reserved, the potential customer is allocated a reservation number and the reservation will be fulfilled as the respective vehicles are produced. We have achieved our pre-order book through an online “direct sales to customers and corporate sales” platform as well as a show room at our headquarters in Vancouver We plan on expanding this model and will be opening similar stores in key urban areas. We have recently opened four U.S. corporate retail stores located in Los Angeles, Portland and Scottsdale.
We will earn revenue once a vehicle has been delivered to the customer who has pre-ordered their vehicle. Each order is placed in line as received and fulfilled once the vehicle becomes available. The customer may, at any time prior to delivery, for any reason, cancel their order and have their deposit returned. We do not consider any order as being secured until the vehicle has been delivered and full receipt of the remaining balance of the vehicle purchase price has been received.
Our near-term goal is to commence and expand sales of the SOLO while continuing to develop our other EVs. We intend to achieve this goal by:
|·||Beginning commercial production of the SOLO: Zongshen, our manufacturing partner, began production of the SOLO on August 26, 2020 with targeted deliveries to customers in early 2021;|
|·||Increasing orders for our EVs: We have an online reservation system which allows a potential customer to reserve a SOLO by paying a refundable US$250 deposit, and Tofino by paying a refundable $1,000 deposit. Once reserved, the potential customer is allocated a reservation number and, although we cannot guarantee that such pre-orders will become binding and result in sales, we intend to fulfill the reservations as the respective vehicles are produced. We maintain certain refundable deposits from various individuals for SOLOs and Tofinos;|
|·||Having sales and services supported by local corporate stores: We will monitor all cars in real time via telematics which provides early warning of potential maintenance issues; and|
|·||Expanding our product offering: In parallel with the production and sale of the SOLO, we aim to continue the development of our other proposed products, including the Tofino, a two-seater sports car in the expected price range of US$50,000 to US$60,000.|
We have achieved our pre-order book through an online “direct sales to customers and corporate sales” platform, as well as a showroom at our headquarters in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Additionally, we have a service and distribution center in Studio City, California. We plan on expanding the corporate retail stores model and will be opening retail stores in key urban areas. We currently have four U.S. corporate retail stores, located in Los Angeles, Portland and Scottsdale, along with six additional corporate retail stores to be opened in California and Arizona during November 2020.
We recognize that marketing efforts must be focused on customer education and establishing brand presence and visibility which is expected to allow our vehicles to gain traction and subsequently gain increases in orders. Our marketing and promotional efforts emphasize the SOLO’s image as an efficient, clean and attainable EV for the masses to commute on a daily basis, for commercial fleets/deliveries and for shared mobility.
A key point to the marketing plan is to target metropolitan areas with high population density, expensive real estate, high commuter traffic load and pollution levels which are becoming an enormous concern. Accordingly, our management has identified California, Washington, Oregon, Arizona and Southern Florida as areas with cities that fit the aforementioned criteria, and we have plans to seek out suitable locations for additional stores there.
We plan to develop a marketing strategy that will generate interest and media buzz based on the SOLO’s selling points. Key aspects of our marketing plan include:
|·||Digital marketing: Organic engagement and paid digital marketing media with engaging posts aimed to educate the public about EVs and develop interest in our SOLO;|
|·||Earned media: We have already received press coverage from several traditional media sources and expect these features and news stories to continue as we embark on our commercial launch;|
|·||Investor Relations/Press Releases: Our in-house investor relations team will provide media releases/kits for updates and news on our progress;|
|·||Industry shows and events: We displayed the SOLO at the Vancouver International Autoshow in March 2017, the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas in January 2018 and the Vancouver International Autoshow in March 2018 and 2019. Promotional merchandise giveaways are expected to enhance and further solidify our branding in consumer minds. Computer stations and payment processing software will be readily on hand at such events to accept SOLO reservations; and|
|·||First-hand experience: Test-drives and public viewings are available at our existing stores in the Vancouver downtown core and in Los Angeles, Portland and Scottsdale.|
We anticipate that our marketing strategy and tactics will evolve over time as our SOLO gains momentum and we identify appropriate channels and media that align with our long-term objectives. In all of our efforts we plan to focus on the features that differentiate our SOLO from the existing EVs on the market.
We sell our vehicles online via our website (www.electrameccanica.com) while we develop our planned corporate retail stores in key markets. As each store is established any vehicles sold within such store’s designated territory will be delivered to such store to fulfill online orders as well as such store’s orders.
We have opened four corporate retail stores in Southern California, Arizona and Oregon, with an additional six corporate retail stores to be opened in Southern California and Arizona during November 2020. We will continue to identify other retail targets in additional regions. The establishment of stores will depend on regional demand, available candidates and local regulations. We are currently accepting expressions of interest and applications for stores from individuals, and do not have any franchise or dealer agreements. Our vehicles will initially be available directly from us.
We plan to only establish and operate corporate stores in those states in the United States that do not restrict or prohibit certain retail sales models by vehicle manufacturers.
We are a development-stage EV company focusing on the market demand for EVs that are efficient, cost-effective and environmentally friendly methods for urban residents to commute and fleets. We believe that our flagship EV called the SOLO is the answer to such market demand. In addition, we have another EV candidate in early design development stage, the Tofino.
We created the SOLO’s first prototype in September of 2016. Since the completion of the prototype, our engineers and designers have devoted efforts to provide the SOLO with an appealing design, and have engaged in proprietary research and development leading to a high-performance electric rear drive motor.
The SOLO has an MSRP of US$18,500 that features a lightweight chassis to allow for a top speed of 80/mph, an attainable cruise speed of 68/mph and is able to go from 0/mph to 60/mph in approximately ten seconds. Our SOLO features a lithium ion battery system that requires only up to 4 hours of charging time on a 220-volt charging station or up to 8 hours from a 110-volt outlet. The lithium battery system utilizes approximately 8.64 kW/h for up to 100 miles in range. We will be offering a warranty package for two years for the SOLO and potentially 2 to 5 years for the battery. Standard equipment in the SOLO includes, but is not limited to the following:
|·||LCD Digital Instrument Cluster;|
|·||Power Windows, Power Steering and Power Brakes;|
|·||AM/FM Stereo with Bluetooth/CD/USB;|
|·||Rear view backup camera;|
|·||Heater and defogger; and|
|·||Keyless remote entry.|
In September 2020, we announced our plans to produce an alternative “utility and fleet” version of our flagship SOLO EV, however, at this time we do not know when such will become available. These modified vehicles are being developed based on direct input from potential commercial and fleet partners and will be equipped with a stylish and functional cargo “cap”, offering additional capacity and versatility to suit a variety of different, single-occupant commercial and utility fleet applications. Our engineers and designers have devoted efforts to provide the SOLO Utility with an appealing design, and have engaged in proprietary research and development leading to a high-performance electric rear drive motor.
The SOLO Utility is expected to have similar features as the SOLO, however, we anticipate that there will be some additional technology and features that fleets would be able to add to the SOLO Utility. In addition, the terms of any warranty for the SOLO Utility have not been determined at this time.
We announced on March 28, 2017, at the Vancouver International Auto Show, that we intend to build the Tofino, an all-electric, two-seater roadster representing an evolution of the Intermeccanica Roadster. We are designing the Tofino to be equipped with a high-performance, all-electric motor. The Tofino is still in early design stage development.
Sources and Availability of Raw Materials
We continue to source duplicate suppliers for all of our components and, in particular, we are currently sourcing our lithium batteries from Panasonic, Samsung and LT Chem. Lithium is subject to commodity price volatility which is not under our control and could have a significant impact on the price of lithium batteries.
At present we are subject to the supply of our chassis from one supplier for the production of the SOLO. We are exploring additional suppliers of the chassis to mitigate the risk of depending on only one supplier.
Patents and Licenses
We have filed patent and design applications for inventions and designs that our legal counsel deems necessary to protect our products. We do not rely on any licenses from third-party vendors at this time.
Our success depends, at least in part, on our ability to protect our core technology and intellectual property. To accomplish this, we rely on a combination of patent and design applications and registrations, trade secrets, including know-how, employee and third-party non-disclosure agreements, copyright, trademarks and other contractual rights to establish and protect our proprietary rights in our technology and other intellectual property. As at November 18, 2020, we have 11 issued design registrations, one allowed design application, 17 pending invention patent applications and one granted invention patent in specific countries which we consider core to our business in a broad range of areas related to the design of the SOLO and its powertrain. Additionally, and pursuant to our Manufacturing Agreement with Zongshen, an agreement has been finalized and transferred legal title in 18 pending Chinese design applications and six granted Chinese design registrations from Chongqing Zongshen Institute of Innovation and Technology Co., Ltd. to EMV Automotive Technology (Chongqing) Inc., our wholly-owned subsidiary. We intend to continue to file additional patent and design applications with respect to our technology and designs. Examination is proceeding with our pending patent applications, but it is not yet clear whether these applications will result in the issuance of patents or whether the examination process will require us to narrow our claims such that, even if patents are granted, they might not provide us with adequate protection.
We have recently revised our Brand Guidelines, removing the space between “ELECTRA” and “MECCANICA”, such that, with the next generation SOLO vehicle, we will operate under the trademark “ELECTRAMECCANICA SOLO.” Until ELECTRAMECCANICA SOLO is used in commerce, we will continue to maintain the mark “ELECTRA MECCANICA SOLO” which is registered in Canada, China, the European Union and Japan and is the subject of pending applications in the United States. We have also registered the trademark “ELECTRA MECCANICA TOFINO” in Canada, Japan, the European Union and China, and we have applied to register the trademark in the United States.
We have additional trademark registrations and pending applications for trademarks (other than those noted above) in Canada, China, Japan, the United States and the European Union. As of November 18, 2020, there are three pending applications in Canada, nine pending applications in China and six pending applications in the United States. There is also an additional registration in each of the European Union, China and Japan for the trademark “MONSTERRA.” We also own six registrations in each of the European Union and Japan and we own 35 registrations in China.
This prospectus contains references to our trademarks and service marks and to those belonging to other entities. Solely for convenience, trademarks and trade names referred to in this prospectus may appear without the ® or TM symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent possible under applicable law, our rights or the rights of the applicable licensor to these trademarks and trade names. We do not intend our use or display of other companies’ trade names, trademarks or service marks to imply a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, any other companies.
Investment in clean technology has been trending upwards for several years as nations, governments and societies overall become more aware of the damaging effects that pollution and greenhouse gas emissions have on the environment. In an attempt to prevent and/or slow-down these damaging effects and create a more sustainable environment, consumers have taken to exploring and purchasing clean technology while nations and government agencies have undertaken programs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, contribute funding into research and development in clean technology and offer incentives/rebates for clean technology investments by businesses and consumers. EVs are a growing segment of this clean technology movement.
EV is a broad term for vehicles that do not solely operate on gas or diesel. Within this alternative vehicle group there are sub-categories of alternative vehicles that utilize different innovative technologies such as: (i) battery electric vehicles (“BEV”); (ii) fuel-cell electric vehicles (“FCV”) and (iii) plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (“PHEV”).
BEVs draw on power from battery management systems to power electric motors instead of from an internal combustion engine, a fuel cell or a fuel tank. The Nissan Leaf, Tesla Model S and our vehicles are BEVs.
FCVs typically utilize a hydrogen fuel cell that, along with oxygen from the air, converts chemical energy into electricity which powers the vehicle’s motor. Emissions from FCVs are water and heat, hence making FCVs true zero-emission vehicles. The Honda Clarity, Hyundai Tucson and Toyota Mirai are examples of FCVs.
PHEVs are the hybrid vehicles that have both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. A PHEV can alternate between using electricity while in its all-electric range and relying on its gas-powered engine. The Chevrolet Volt and the Toyota Prius are examples of PHEVs.
The popularity of EVs have also been met with difficulties in charging convenience. There are far more gas stations available than public EV charging stations. The convenience and availability of public EV charging stations may prove to be an obstacle of mass adoption of EVs
Consumers may be afraid that their EVs may run out of charge while they are out on the road and this fear is recognized by the public and has been popularized with the term “range anxiety”. Despite this fear, the distance travelled by most urban commuters is a lot lower than the typical range of an EV. Data from Statistics Canada’s National Household Survey in 2011 reported the average Canadian takes 25 minutes to commute to work.
There currently exists different categories of charging stations depending on the voltage they provide. EV owners can often charge at home on a regular 110-volt outlet which may take between 10 hours to 20 hours depending on the model and make of the EV. This type of outlet and charging is termed level 1 charging. Level 2 charging means the voltage at the charging station is typically around 240 volts and this type of outlet is usually available at public charging stations, shopping malls and big box retailer parking lots, and even located in certain residential hi-rises. Charging at a level 2 station typically cuts down the level 1 charge time in half and may require a small fee for the service which may vary depending on the provider and the location.
Global EV Market
EVs have been around for over 100 years but have only recently gained widespread adoption and public interest due to open discussions of greenhouse gas emission levels, government and international policies on climate change and pollution, increased literature on EVs, fluctuating fuel costs and improved battery management systems and EV range. In addition, the market for electric vehicles has experienced significant growth in recent years due to consumer demand for vehicles that achieve greater fuel efficiency and lower environmental emissions without sacrificing performance.
Traditional automotive manufacturers have entered into the EV market to capitalize on its growth. The majority of growth in the EV market has been led by the following EV models: the Nissan Leaf, the Honda Clarity (PHEV), the Toyota Prius (PHEV), the Tesla Model 3 and the Mitsubishi Outlander (PHEV). Four of the five models above are made by traditional automotive manufacturers, and the fifth is made by Tesla Motors, one of several manufacturers that are solely devoted to the manufacturing of EVs.
The global stock of EVs has increased significantly over the past few years. According to the International Energy Agency (“IEA”), the global stock of electric cars first crossed the one million vehicle threshold in 2015, crossed the two million vehicle threshold in 2016 and then surpassed 5.1 million in 2018 vehicles up two million from 2017.
Likewise, the IEA has reported that the global stock of BEVs, the type of vehicles we will be mass producing, increased on a worldwide basis from about 746,000 in 2015 to approximately 5.2 million in 2018, an increase of approximately 63% over 2017.
We anticipate that the trend of increasing EV sales will continue in the near future. The IEA believes that there is a good possibility that the global electric car stock will range between 9 million and 20 million by 2020 and between 125 million and 225 million by 2030.
North American EV Market
We anticipate that our primary target market shall initially be North America, with a focus on the west coast. Sales of EVs in North America have mirrored the global increase in sales of EVs. According to the IEA, the sale of BEVs in the United States increased by 81% between 2017 and 2018 and by 30% in Canada during the same period.
According to data compiled by EVAdoption.com, in 2019 sales of EVs in six U.S. states and the District of Columbia comprised 2.31% or more of total auto sales in those jurisdictions. At 8.97% for the year, California had more than triple the next highest EV purchase rate in any U.S. state.
In addition, and according to data compiled by EVAdoption.com, California consumers purchased 12% of autos in the United States, but bought more than 46% of all EVs in the United States. In essence, Californians are buying at four times the national rate while Oregon and Washington buy at a bit more than two times the national rate. The amount BEVs sold in California as a percentage of all EVs sold there has steadily increased from 1.3% in 2013 to 4.8% in the first quarter of 2018.
The following table sets out data on PHEV and BEV sales in the United States in 2016, 2017 and August 2018 as broken out for select states.
EV Sales 2016
EV Sales 2017
|Aug 2018 EV|
Data Sources: Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers; National Automobile Dealers Association; Chart: EVAdoption.com
Fleet and Urban Driving market
We designed the SOLO with a view to redefining SOLO mobility for fleets in terms of car share, deliveries and other mobility purposes, and for urban drivers who use a personal vehicle by cutting their commuting costs and reducing their environmental footprint. We believe that a substantial number of fleets and urban drivers will find the capacity of our EVs attractive in comparison to cars designed to carry more people. As cars designed to carry between four and eight people generally weigh substantially more than those that carry one or two people, they require more fuel or energy to operate. This significant mismatch between capacity and utilization leads to a significant excess of traffic and pollution and higher operating costs.
Although consumers may be afraid that their EVs may run out of charge while they are out on the road, the average U.S. commute was only 27 minutes in 2018 (Ingraham, Christopher. “Nine days on the road. Average commute time reached a new record last year.” The Washington Post (2019), online: https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/2019/10/07/nine-days-road-average-commute-time-reached-new-record-last-year/). The 100-mile range of our SOLO on a full charge would more than cover such a round-trip commute.
There has been a growing trend for governments as a matter of public policy to favor EVs. This has taken the form of initiatives aimed at improving transit, financial incentives for the purchase of EVs and financial incentives for the manufacture of EVs.
Initiatives to Improve Transit
Many localities try to reduce or regulate traffic, particularly in places where there is high population density, chronic congestion, narrow roads and limited urban space. While these initiatives might be onerous to owners of traditional internal combustion engine vehicles, they often exempt or partially exclude EVs. These initiatives include various forms of congestion charging (which often exempt or provide discounts for EVs), priority lanes for high-occupancy vehicles and EVs, restrictions on new registrations of vehicles (excluding EVs) and subsidies for the installation of public charging stations for EVs.
Going further than restrictions on cars fueled by petrol or diesel, several European countries and cities are formulating programs that would actually ban them. Norway’s Minister for the Environment expects to implement a ban on the sale of cars that are not EVs by 2025. President Macron of France has vowed to eliminate the sale of cars with internal combustion engines in France by 2040, and city hall in Paris has called for a ban on all cars with traditional combustion engines from its streets by 2030. In the United Kingdom, the government has announced a strategy that calls for sales of new gas and diesel cars and vans to end by 2040.
To promote the purchase of EVs, many state and local governments offer financial incentives to purchasers. These incentives can take the form of rebates, tax credits or the elimination or reduction of sales tax. Financial incentives available in selected North American jurisdictions for the purchase of EVs are set out in the following table:
|Tax credit||US $7,500||-||-||-||-||-|
|Rebate||-||US $2,500||US $2,000||$5,000||$14,000||$8,000|
Although these financial incentives may not continue at this level or at all, we believe that our SOLO would currently qualify for these tax credits and rebates in the States of California and Oregon. As of March 12, 2020, we have passed the CARB test for the State of California, and are currently waiting for the $750 rebate to be posted on the Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (“CVRP”) website and a $2,500 rebate from the State of Oregon.
Several jurisdictions offer similar financial incentives for the purchase and installation of home charging stations for EVs.
To promote the manufacture and development of EVs, many federal, state and local governments provide financial incentives to EV companies. These incentives can take the form of tax credits or grants. In 2019, we received $1,056,193 in a Scientific Research and Experimental Development grant (“SR&ED”). In 2018, we received $734,229 in governmental grants consisting of $725,599 in a SR&ED grant and $8,630 in government grants related to Canada’s Industrial Research Assistance Program administered by the National Research Council. In 2017, we received $193,534 in government grants related to Canada’s Industrial Research Assistance Program administered by the National Research Council and $111,380 in a SR&ED grant. We will continue to apply for grants where we believe warranted.
Competitive Advantages and Operational Strengths
The EV market is evolving and companies within it must be able to adapt without jeopardizing the timing, quality or quantity of their products. Other manufacturers have entered the electric vehicle market and we expect additional competitors to enter this market within the next several years. As they do, we expect that we will experience significant competition. With respect to the SOLO, we also face strong competition from established automobile manufacturers, including manufacturers of EVs such as the Tesla Model S, the Chevrolet Volt, the Mini EV and the Nissan Leaf.
We believe the primary competitive factors in our market include but are not limited to:
|·||product quality and safety;|
|·||design and styling;|
|·||product price; and|
Most of our current and potential competitors have significantly greater financial, technical, manufacturing, marketing and other resources than we do and may be able to devote greater resources to the design, development, manufacturing, distribution, promotion, sale and support of their products. Virtually all of our competitors have more extensive customer bases and broader customer and industry relationships than we do. In addition, almost all of these companies have longer operating histories and greater name recognition than we do. Our competitors may be in a stronger position to respond quickly to new technologies and may be able to design, develop, market and sell their products more effectively.
Furthermore, certain large manufacturers offer financing and leasing options on their vehicles and also have the ability to market vehicles at a substantial discount, provided that the vehicles are financed through their affiliated financing company. We do not currently offer any form of direct financing on our vehicles. The lack of our direct financing options and the absence of customary vehicle discounts could put us at a competitive disadvantage.
We expect competition in our industry to intensify in the future in light of increased demand for alternative fuel vehicles, continuing globalization and consolidation in the worldwide automotive industry. Our ability to successfully compete in our industry will be fundamental to our future success in the EV market and our market share. We might not be able to compete successfully in our market. If our competitors introduce new cars or services that compete with or surpass the quality, price or performance of our vehicles or services, we may be unable to satisfy existing customers or attract new customers at the prices and levels that would allow us to generate attractive rates of return on our investment. Increased competition could result in price reductions and revenue shortfalls, loss of customers and loss of market share, which could harm our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
We believe that our experience, production capability, product offering and management give us the ability to successfully operate in the EV market in a way that our competitors cannot. In particular, we believe that we have a number of competitive advantages:
|·||Extensive in-house development capabilities: Our acquisition of Intermeccanica. in 2017 enables us to leverage Intermeccanica’s extensive 61 years of experience in vehicle design, manufacture, sales and customer support. Intermeccanica was founded in Turin, Italy, in 1959 as a speed parts provider and soon began producing in-house designed, complete vehicles like the Apollo GT, Italia, Murena, Indira and the Porsche 356 replica. Intermeccanica’s former owner, Henry Reisner, is our President and Chief Operating Officer and one of our directors, and, together with his family, is the second largest shareholder in our Company. We have integrated Intermeccanica’s staff with the research and development team that we had prior to the acquisition to develop and enhance current and future model offerings;|
|·||In-house production capabilities: We have the ability to manufacture our own products on a non-commercial scale. As at September 30, 2020, we have produced 64 prototype SOLOs at our facilities in Vancouver, British Columbia, and 60 pre-production SOLOs with our manufacturing partner Zongshen;|
|·||Commercial production of the SOLO commenced August 26, 2020: We have a Manufacturing Agreement with Zongshen whereby they have agreed to produce a total of 75,000 SOLOs over a three-year period once we have started full scale production. As at September 30, 2020, Zongshen has produced 60 pre-production production vehicles and six production vehicles;|
|·||Unique product offering: The SOLO’s manufacturer suggested retail price of US$18,500, prior to any surcharge for tariffs, is far below the retail price of EVs offered by those who we consider to be our principal competitors; and we believe that the SOLO compares favorably against them; and|
|·||Management expertise: We have selected our management with an eye towards providing us with the business and technical expertise needed to be successful. They include Paul Rivera, our Chief Executive Officer, Bal Bhullar, our Chief Financial Officer, Henry Reisner, our President and Chief Operating Officer, and Isaac Moss, our Chief Administrative Officer and Corporate Secretary. A number of these key employees and consultants have significant experience in the automobile manufacturing and technology industries. We have supplemented additional expertise by adding consultants and directors with corporate, accounting, legal and other strengths.|
As a vehicle manufacturer we are required to ensure that all vehicle production meets applicable safety and environmental standards. Issuance of the National Safety Mark (the “NSM”) by the Minister of Transport for Canada will be our authorization to manufacture vehicles in Canada for the Canadian market. Receipt of the NSM is contingent on us demonstrating that our vehicles are designed and manufactured to meet or exceed the applicable sections of the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Act (C.R.C. Chapter 1038) and that appropriate records are maintained. Unique to Canada, the SOLO is under the three-wheeled vehicle category and is subject to the safety standards listed in Schedule III of the Canadian Motor Vehicle Safety Regulations (“CMVSR”), which can be found at (http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,c.1038/section-sched3.html).
For sale into the United States, our vehicles must meet the applicable provisions of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (“CFR”) Title 49 — Transportation. This includes providing Manufacture Identification information (49 CFR Part 566), VIN-deciphering information (49 CFR Part 565, and certifying that our vehicles meet or exceed the applicable sections of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (40 CFR Part 571) and Environmental Protection Agency noise emission standards (40 CFR 205).
We certified the SOLO for compliance with the applicable U.S. requirements in the first quarter of 2018. Results from third party vehicle testing at a facility in Quebec, Canada, were used for this certification. We continue to use third party facilities for certification testing to ensure that any changes to the SOLO’s design continue to meet safety requirements. Compliance certification of the SOLO for Canada began in 2018.
Within the three-wheel vehicle classification in Canada, CMVSR Standard 305 sets out the regulation for prevention of injury to the occupant during and after a crash as related to the vehicle’s batteries. Under this standard, the security and integrity of electric drive system components and their isolation from the occupant are evaluated in the course of a frontal barrier crash test in accordance with Technical Standard Document No. 305. The equivalent U.S standard, FMVSS No. 305, is not applicable to the motorcycle category under the U.S. regulations.
We and our vehicles must meet the applicable provisions of the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 —Transportation. Since the U.S. regulations do not have a specific class for three-wheeled “autocycles”, the SOLO falls under the definition of a motorcycle pursuant to Sec. 571.3 of 49 CFR Part 571. However, currently a motorcycle license is not required to drive them in all but the States of Alaska, Florida, New York and Massachusetts. Motorcycle helmets must be worn while operating in the States of New York and Massachusetts. Helmets are also required if the driver is under 18 years old in the States of Alaska, Montana, Colorado and New Hampshire.
Implications of Being a Foreign Private Issuer
We qualify as a “foreign private issuer”, as such term is defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act, and Rule 3b-4 under the Exchange Act. In our capacity as a foreign private issuer, we are exempt from certain rules under the Exchange Act that impose certain disclosure obligations and procedural requirements for proxy solicitations under Section 14 of the Exchange Act. In addition, our officers, directors and principal shareholders are exempt from the reporting and “short-swing” profit recovery provisions of Section 16 of the Exchange Act and the rules under the Exchange Act with respect to their purchases and sales of our securities. Moreover, we are not required to file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as U.S. companies whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act. In addition, we are not required to comply with Regulation FD, which restricts the selective disclosure of material information (although we are subject to the requirement to make timely disclosure of material information under the Nasdaq Marketplace Rules).
We may take advantage of these exemptions until such time as we are no longer a foreign private issuer. We would cease to be a foreign private issuer at such time as more than 50% of our outstanding voting securities are held by U.S. residents and any of the following three circumstances applies: (1) the majority of our executive officers or directors are U.S. citizens or residents; (2) more than 50% of our assets are located in the United States; or (3) our business is administered principally in the United States.
We have taken advantage of certain reduced reporting and other requirements in this prospectus. Accordingly, the information contained herein may be different than the information you receive from other public companies in which you hold equity securities.
Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company
We qualify as an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, or the JOBS Act. An emerging growth company may take advantage of specified reduced reporting and other burdens that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include:
|·||the ability to include only two years of audited financial statements and only two years of related management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations disclosure; and|
|·||an exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.|
We may take advantage of these provisions until December 31, 2022 (being the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of our common shares under our registration statement on Form F-1 (SEC File No. 333-214067), as filed with the SEC under the Securities Act on October 12, 2016 and subsequently amended), or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than US$1.07 billion in annual revenue, have more than US$700 million in market value of our common shares held by non-affiliates or issue more than US$1 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year period.
Research and Development
We have allocated substantial resources in developing our first vehicles. We expended $ 9,514,520 during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, and $5,566,036 during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, on research and development costs which include labor and materials.
In October 2017, we acquired Intermeccanica. In addition to the manufacturing and design experience that the acquisition provided us, we acquired a business of custom car manufacturing. Intermeccanica, throughout its operating history, has built approximately 2,500 vehicles. We intend to continue the legacy business of Intermeccanica, but we do not envision that it will be central to our operations, or represent a material portion of our revenue if we develop our business as planned, or account for a material portion of our expenses.
As of November 18, 2020, we employed a total of 101 full-time and 12 part-time people. None of our employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement.
The breakdown of full-time employees by main category of activity is as follows:
|Sales & Marketing||26|
|General & Administration||15|
Property, Plants and Equipment
We operate from our head office located in Vancouver, Canada. We do not own any real property. We have leased the following properties:
|2020 Gross Monthly|
|Vancouver BC, Canada||7,235||$||10,342||CAD||October 31, 2021||Head office|
|New Westminster BC, Canada||10,803||$||11,220||CAD||July 31, 2022||Development office|
|Studio City, CA, USA||9,600||$||30,766||USD||August 31, 2021||Sales office|
|Santa Monica, CA, USA||300||$||6,250||USD||November 30, 2021||Retail kiosk|
|Sherman Oaks, CA, USA||298||$||5,443||USD||September 30, 2023||Retail kiosk|
|Portland, OR, USA||200||$||10,000||USD||December 31, 2020||Retail kiosk|
|Scottsdale Fashion Square, AZ, USA||200||$||10,225||USD||December 31, 2020||Retail kiosk|
|San Diego, CA, USA||180||$||3,500||USD||January 31, 2022||Retail kiosk|
|Brea, CA, USA||200||$||5,909||USD||April 19, 2021||Retail kiosk|
|Kierland Commons, Scottsdale, AZ, USA||200||$||7,820||USD||January 31, 2021||Retail kiosk|
|Glendale, AZ, USA||200||$||6,549||USD||November 14, 2021||Retail kiosk|
|Walnut Creek, CA, USA||200||$||9,000||USD||March 31, 2021||Retail kiosk|
|Santa Clara, CA, USA||300||$||7,500||USD||December 31, 2021||Retail kiosk|
We believe that our current facilities are adequate to meet our ongoing needs and that, if we require additional space, we will be able to obtain additional facilities on commercially reasonable terms.
We are not involved in, or aware of, any legal or administrative proceedings contemplated or threatened by any governmental authority or any other party that is likely to have a material adverse effect on our business. As of the date of this prospectus, no director, officer or affiliate is a party adverse to us in any legal proceeding, or has an adverse interest to us in any legal proceeding.
The following summary of our material agreements, all of which have been previously filed with the SEC, does not purport to be complete and is subject to, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, all the provisions of those agreements. There are no material contracts, other than those contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business and other than those described below or in this prospectus.
SOLO Manufacturing Agreement
On October 2, 2017, we entered into our Manufacturing Agreement with Zongshen to produce 75,000 SOLO all-electric vehicles. Under the Manufacturing Agreement Zongshen has agreed to produce SOLOs in the three years from the commencement of production. Under the agreement, the Company agrees to reimburse Zongshen for the cost of prototype tooling and molds estimated to be CNY ¥9.5 million ($1.8 million), which was payable on or before March 18, 2018, subject to a 10% holdback, and mass production tooling and molds estimated to be CNY ¥29 million ($5.5 million), which shall be payable 50% when Zongshen commences manufacturing the tooling and molds, 40% when Zongshen completes manufacturing the tooling and molds, and 10% upon delivery to the Company of the first production vehicle.
On August 26, 2020, the Company commenced commercial production and delivered the first production vehicles. The Company is targeting deliveries to customers in early 2021. The Company, therefore, has paid 100% of the prototype tooling and molds with actual cost of CNY ¥10.1 million ($2.1 million) and 79% of the mass production tooling and molds with an actual cost of CNY ¥40 million ($8.0 million). The unpaid amount of mass production tooling and molds is included in accrued liabilities as at September 30, 2020. As assessed by the Company, the prototype tooling and molds can be adapted for use in mass production.
Share Pledge Agreement
In connection with the Manufacturing Agreement, on October 16, 2017, the then CEO of the Company, Jerry Kroll (the “Pledgor”), entered into a Share Pledge Agreement (“Share Pledge”) to guarantee the payment by the Company for the cost of the prototype tooling and molds estimated to be CNY ¥9.5 million ($1.8 million) to Zongshen through the pledge of 400,000 common shares of the Company. The Company approved its obligations under the Share Pledge and had agreed to reimburse the Pledgor on a one for one basis for any pledged shares realized by Zongshen. As at September 30, 2020, the Company has paid 100% of the cost of the prototype tooling and molds and, accordingly, the Share Pledge has been terminated.
Share Purchase Agreement
On October 18, 2017 we entered into a Share Purchase Agreement (the “SPA”) to acquire Intermeccanica, which replaced our then Joint Operating Agreement with the same. Under the SPA, we agreed to purchase all the shares of Intermeccanica for $2,500,000. In addition to an initial payment of $100,000 in 2016, during the nine months ended September 30, 2017, an additional $200,000 was paid. On October 18, 2017, we paid $700,000, and entered into a note for the balance of $1,500,000 of the purchase price. On January 28, 2018, we paid off all of the principal and interest due on the note for $1,520,548.
On March 27, 2020, we contracted with Stifel, Nicolaus & Company, Incorporated and Roth Capital Partners, LLC (“Roth”; and each, an “Agent”, and collectively, the “Agents”) to sell common shares of the Company (the “Shares”) having an aggregate offering price of up to US$30,000,000 through the Agents (the “Sales Agreement”). On July 13, 2020, we and the Agents amended the Sales Agreement to increase the aggregate offering price up to US$59,500,000.
In accordance with the terms of the Sales Agreement, we may offer and sell Shares from time to time through the Agent selected by us (the “Designated Agent”), acting as sales agent or, with our consent, as principal. The Shares may be offered and sold by any method permitted by law deemed to be an “at the market” (“ATM”) offering as defined in Rule 415 promulgated under the Securities Act, including sales made directly on or through Nasdaq or on any other existing trading market for the Shares, and, if expressly authorized by us, in negotiated transactions.
In addition, on June 10, 2020, we entered into a Placement Agency Agreement with Roth pursuant to which Roth acted as the placement agent for us, on a commercially reasonable “best efforts” basis, in connection with the proposed placement of 10,000,000 common shares pursuant to a registered direct offering (the “Registered Direct Offering”). On the same date we entered into securities purchase agreements with accredited investors for the sale of 10,000,000 common shares at a price of US$2.00 per share for aggregate proceeds of US$20 million. The closing of the Registered Direct Offering took place on June 12, 2020.
From March 30, 2020 to September 25, 2020, the Company issued 28,978,936 common shares pursuant to the ATM offering under the Sales Agreement for gross proceeds of $79,824,390 (US$59,500,000), which completed the ATM offering.
During the nine months ended September 30,2020, we issued the following common shares pursuant to the ATM offering as well as pursuant to the Registered Direct Offering:
|Issuance of Shares||Number
|Registered Direct Offering||10,000,000||$||27,174,615|
|Share issuance costs||$||(4,692,115||)|
During the period from October 1, 2020 to November 18, 2020, we have issued: (i) 427,000 common shares upon the exercise of warrants by investors who participated in the November 9, 2018 registered offering and who received warrants in the concurrent private placement, (ii) 65,755 common shares upon the exercise of broker warrants by the brokers involved in the November 9, 2018 registered offering and which received broker warrants on a private placement basis, (iii) 98,750 common shares upon the exercise of warrants by investors in previous private placements, and (iv) 313,823 common shares upon the exercise of stock options granted to eligible persons under our 2020 Stock Incentive Plan.
On October 5, 2020, we filed a registration statement on Form S-8 to register 29,683,880 common shares, without par value, issuable directly by us under our 2020 Stock Incentive Plan or pursuant to the exercise of options that have been granted under our 2015 Stock Option Plan, which our 2020 Stock Incentive Plan supersedes and replaces our 2015 Stock Option Plan.
Prospective investors should carefully consider the following risks, as well as the other information contained in this prospectus and in the documents incorporated by reference herein, including the risks described in our Annual Report on Form 20-F and our Quarterly Reports filed on Form 6-K, before investing in our securities. We have identified the following material risks and uncertainties which reflect our outlook and conditions known to us as of the date of this prospectus. These material risks and uncertainties should be carefully reviewed by our shareholders and any potential investors in evaluating the Company, our business and the market value of our common stock. Furthermore, any one of these material risks and uncertainties has the potential to cause actual results, performance, achievements or events to be materially different from any future results, performance, achievements or events implied, suggested or expressed by any forward-looking statements made by us or by persons acting on our behalf. Refer to “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” herein.
You should read this prospectus and the documents incorporated herein by reference to see if there are additional risks that have arisen since the date of this prospectus or are specific to the terms of an offering.
There is no assurance that we will be successful in preventing the material adverse effects that any one or more of the following material risks and uncertainties may cause on our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results, which may result in a significant decrease in the market price of our common stock. Furthermore, there is no assurance that these material risks and uncertainties represent a complete list of the material risks and uncertainties facing us. There may be additional risks and uncertainties of a material nature that, as of the date of this prospectus, we are unaware of or that we consider immaterial that may become material in the future, any one or more of which may result in a material adverse effect on us. You could lose all or a significant portion of your investment due to any one of these material risks and uncertainties.
Risks Related to our Business and Industry
We have no revenue from the sale of electric vehicles and we will require a significant amount of capital to carry out our proposed business plan to develop, manufacture, sell and service electric vehicles. There is substantial doubt as to the ability of our Company to continue as a going concern.
We incurred a net loss and comprehensive loss of $29,736,379 and $29,776,051 respectively, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, and a net loss and comprehensive loss of $30,742,311 and $30,676,101, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2019. Although we had a cash and cash equivalents and a working capital surplus of $101,054,943 and $105,791,318, respectively, as at September 30, 2020, and of $11,095,848 and $15,478,918, respectively, at December 31, 2019, we believe that we will need significant additional equity financing to continue as a going concern, given that, among other things:
|•||we have not begun the commercial mass production or sale of our flagship vehicle, the SOLO, and we expect to incur significant ramp-up in costs and expenses through the launch of the vehicle;|
|•||we anticipate that the gross profit generated from the sale of the SOLO will not be sufficient to cover our operating expenses, and our achieving profitability will depend, in part, on our ability to materially reduce the bill of materials and per unit manufacturing cost of our products; and|
|•||we do not anticipate that we will be eligible to obtain bank loans, or other forms of debt financing on terms that would be acceptable to us.|
We anticipate generating a significant loss for the current fiscal year. The report of independent registered public accounting firm on our audited financial statements includes an explanatory paragraph relating to our ability to continue as a going concern.
We have minimal revenue and expect significant increases in costs and expenses to forestall profits for the foreseeable future, even if we generate revenues in the near term. Even though we have recently launched the SOLO into commercial production, and even if we launch the Tofino or other intended EVs, they might not become commercially successful. If we are to ever achieve profitability we must have a successful commercial introduction and acceptance of our vehicles, which may not occur. We expect that our operating losses will increase substantially in 2020, and thereafter, and we also expect to continue to incur operating losses and to experience negative cash flows for the next several years.
We have a limited operating history and have generated minimal revenues.
Our limited operating history makes evaluating our business and future prospects difficult. We were formed in February 2015, and we have begun production but not the commercial delivery of our first electric vehicle. To date we have no revenues from the sale of electric vehicles as any amounts received from the sale of our pre-production electric vehicles were netted off against research and development costs as cost recovery and have had minimal revenue from the sale of non-electric custom cars. We intend to derive revenues from the sales of our SOLO vehicle, our Tofino vehicle and other intended EVs. The Tofino is still in the early design development stage, and the first commercially-produced SOLOs are targeted to be delivered to our customers during early 2021. Our vehicles require significant investment prior to commercial introduction and may never be successfully developed or commercially successful.
We have a history of operating losses and we expect our operating losses to accelerate and materially increase for the foreseeable future.
We generated net loss of $29,736,379 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, bringing our accumulated deficit to $91,852,387. Without a loss related to changes in the fair values of derivative liabilities of $7,758,928 we would have had a less significant net loss. Our loss before income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 increased to $29,775,512, as compared to $22,736,053 for the corresponding period in 2019. We anticipate generating a significant loss for the current fiscal year. The report of the independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019 included an explanatory paragraph relating to our ability to continue as a going concern.
We have minimal revenue and expect significant increases in costs and expenses to forestall profits for the foreseeable future, even if we generate revenues in the near term. We have begun the commercial production but not yet the delivery of our flagship vehicle, the SOLO, and we expect to incur significant additional costs and expenses through the launch of the vehicle. Even with the launch of the SOLO into commercial production, and even if we are able to launch the Tofino or other intended EVs, they might not become commercially successful. If we are to ever achieve profitability we must have a successful commercial introduction and acceptance of our vehicles, which may not occur. We expect that our operating losses will increase substantially in 2020 and thereafter, and we also expect to continue to incur operating losses and to experience negative cash flows for the next several years.
We expect the rate at which we will incur losses to increase significantly in future periods from current levels as we:
|•||design, develop and manufacture our vehicles and their components;|
|•||develop and equip our manufacturing facility;|
|•||build up inventories of parts and components for the SOLO, the Tofino and other intended EVs;|
|•||open Electrameccanica stores;|
|•||expand our design, development, maintenance and repair capabilities;|
|•||develop and increase our sales and marketing activities; and|
|•||develop and increase our general and administrative functions to support our growing operations.|
Because we will incur the costs and expenses from these efforts before we receive any revenues with respect thereto, our losses in future periods will be significantly greater than the losses we would incur if we developed the business more slowly. In addition, we may find that these efforts are more expensive than we currently anticipate or that these efforts may not result in profits or even revenues, which would further increase our losses.
Our ability to achieve profitability will depend, in part, on our ability to materially reduce the bill of materials and per unit manufacturing cost of our products.
We anticipate that the gross profit generated from the sale of the SOLO will not be sufficient to cover our operating expenses. To achieve our operating and strategic goals while remaining competitive, we will, among other things, need to reduce the bill of materials and the per-unit manufacturing cost of the SOLO. We expect the primary factors to contribute to a reduced bill of materials and per unit manufacturing cost to include:
|•||continued product development to make the SOLO easier and cheaper to mass produce commercially;|
|•||our ability to utilize less expensive suppliers and components that meet the requirements for the SOLO;|
|•||increasing the volume of components that we purchase in order to take advantage of volume-based pricing discounts;|
|•||improving assembly efficiency;|
|•||enhancing the automation of our strategic manufacturing partner’s facility to increase volume and reduce labor costs; and|
|•||increasing our volume to leverage manufacturing overhead costs.|
Continued product development is subject to feasibility and engineering risks. Any increase in manufacturing volumes is dependent upon a corresponding increase in sales. The occurrence of one or more factors that negatively impact the manufacturing or sales of the SOLO, or reduce our manufacturing efficiency, may prevent us from achieving our desired reduction in manufacturing costs, which would negatively affect our operating results and may prevent us from attaining profitability.
We currently have negative operating cash flows, and if we are unable to generate positive operating cash flows in the future our viability as an operating business will be adversely affected.
We have made significant up-front investments in research and development, sales and marketing and general and administrative expenses to rapidly develop and expand our business. We are currently incurring expenditures related to our operations that have generated a negative operating cash flow. Operating cash flow may decline in certain circumstances, many of which are beyond our control. We might not generate sufficient revenues in the near future. Because we continue to incur such significant future expenditures for research and development, sales and marketing and general and administrative expenses, we may continue to experience negative cash flow until we reach a sufficient level of sales with positive gross margins to cover operating expenses. An inability to generate positive cash flow until we reach a sufficient level of sales with positive gross margins to cover operating expenses or raise additional capital on reasonable terms will adversely affect our viability as an operating business.
To carry out our proposed business plan for the next 12 months to develop, manufacture, sell and service electric vehicles we will require additional capital.
To carry out our proposed business plan for the next 12 months, we estimate that we will have approximately $52 million in addition to cash on hand at September 30, 2020. If cash on hand, revenue from the sale of our cars, if any, and cash received upon the exercise of outstanding warrants, if any are exercised, are not sufficient to cover our cash requirements, we will need to raise additional funds through the sale of our equity securities, in either private placements or registered offerings and/or shareholder loans. If we are unsuccessful in raising enough funds through such capital-raising efforts we may review other financing possibilities such as bank loans. Financing might not be available to us or, if available, may not be available on terms that are acceptable to us.
Our ability to obtain the necessary financing to carry out our business plan is subject to a number of factors, including general market conditions and investor acceptance of our business plan. These factors may make the timing, amount, terms and conditions of such financing unattractive or unavailable to us. If we are unable to raise sufficient funds, we will have to significantly reduce our spending, delay or cancel our planned activities or substantially change our current corporate structure. We might not be able to obtain any funding, and we might not have sufficient resources to conduct our business as projected, both of which could mean that we would be forced to curtail or discontinue our operations.
Terms of future financings may adversely impact your investment.
We may have to engage in common equity, debt or preferred stock financing in the future. Your rights and the value of your investment in our securities could be reduced. Interest on debt securities could increase costs and negatively impacts operating results. Preferred stock could be issued in series from time to time with such designation, rights, preferences and limitations as needed to raise capital. The terms of preferred stock could be more advantageous to those investors than to the holders of common shares. In addition, if we need to raise equity capital from the sale of common shares, institutional or other investors may negotiate terms at least as, and possibly more, favorable than the terms of your investment. Common shares which we sell could be sold into any market which develops, which could adversely affect the market price.
Our future growth depends upon consumers’ willingness to adopt three-wheeled single-seat electric vehicles.
Our growth highly depends upon the adoption by consumers of, and we are subject to an elevated risk of, any reduced demand for alternative fuel vehicles in general and electric vehicles in particular. If the market for three-wheeled single seat electric vehicles does not develop as we expect, or develops more slowly than we expect, our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results will be negatively impacted. The market for alternative fuel vehicles is relatively new, rapidly evolving, characterized by rapidly changing technologies, price competition, additional competitors, evolving government regulation and industry standards, frequent new vehicle announcements and changing consumer demands and behaviors. Factors that may influence the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles, and specifically electric vehicles, include:
|•||perceptions about electric vehicle quality, safety (in particular with respect to lithium-ion battery packs), design, performance and cost, especially if adverse events or accidents occur that are linked to the quality or safety of electric vehicles;|
|•||perceptions about vehicle safety in general and, in particular, safety issues that may be attributed to the use of advanced technology, including vehicle electronics and braking systems;|
|•||the limited range over which electric vehicles may be driven on a single battery charge;|
|•||the decline of an electric vehicle’s range resulting from deterioration over time in the battery’s ability to hold a charge;|
|•||concerns about electric grid capacity and reliability, which could derail our efforts to promote electric vehicles as a practical solution to vehicles which require gasoline;|
|•||the availability of alternative fuel vehicles, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles;|
|•||improvements in the fuel economy of the internal combustion engine;|
|•||the availability of service for electric vehicles;|
|•||the environmental consciousness of consumers;|
|•||volatility in the cost of oil and gasoline;|
|•||government regulations and economic incentives promoting fuel efficiency and alternate forms of energy;|
|•||access to charging stations, standardization of electric vehicle charging systems and consumers’ perceptions about convenience and cost to charge an electric vehicle;|
|•||the availability of tax and other governmental incentives to purchase and operate electric vehicles or future regulation requiring increased use of nonpolluting vehicles; and|
|•||perceptions about and the actual cost of alternative fuel.|
The influence of any of the factors described above may cause current or potential customers not to purchase our electric vehicles, which would materially adversely affect our business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.
The range of our electric vehicles on a single charge declines over time which may negatively influence potential customers’ decisions whether to purchase our vehicles.
The range of our electric vehicles on a single charge declines principally as a function of usage, time and charging patterns. For example, a customer’s use of their vehicle as well as the frequency with which they charge the battery of their vehicle can result in additional deterioration of the battery’s ability to hold a charge. We currently expect that our battery pack will retain approximately 85% of its ability to hold its initial charge after approximately 3,000 charge cycles and eight years, which will result in a decrease to the vehicle’s initial range. Such battery deterioration and the related decrease in range may negatively influence potential customer decisions whether to purchase our vehicles, which may harm our ability to market and sell our vehicles.
Developments in alternative technologies or improvements in the internal combustion engine may materially adversely affect the demand for our electric vehicles.
Significant developments in alternative technologies, such as advanced diesel, ethanol, fuel cells or compressed natural gas, or improvements in the fuel economy of the internal combustion engine, may materially and adversely affect our business and prospects in ways we do not currently anticipate. For example, fuel which is abundant and relatively inexpensive in North America, such as compressed natural gas, may emerge as consumers’ preferred alternative to petroleum-based propulsion. Any failure by us to develop new or enhanced technologies or processes, or to react to changes in existing technologies, could materially delay our development and introduction of new and enhanced electric vehicles, which could result in the loss of competitiveness of our vehicles, decreased revenue and a loss of market share to competitors.
If we are unable to keep up with advances in electric vehicle technology, we may suffer a decline in our competitive position.
We may be unable to keep up with changes in electric vehicle technology and, as a result, may suffer a decline in our competitive position. Any failure to keep up with advances in electric vehicle technology would result in a decline in our competitive position which would materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. Our research and development efforts may not be sufficient to adapt to changes in electric vehicle technology. As technologies change we plan to upgrade or adapt our vehicles and introduce new models to continue to provide vehicles with the latest technology and, in particular, battery cell technology. However, our vehicles may not compete effectively with alternative vehicles if we are not able to source and integrate the latest technology into our vehicles. For example, we do not manufacture battery cells which makes us depend upon other suppliers of battery cell technology for our battery packs.
If we are unable to design, develop, market and sell new electric vehicles and services that address additional market opportunities, our business, prospects and operating results will suffer.
We may not be able to successfully develop new electric vehicles and services, address new market segments or develop a significantly broader customer base. To date, we have focused our business on the sale of the SOLO, a three-wheeled single seat electric vehicle, and have targeted mainly urban residents of modest means and fleets. We will need to address additional markets and expand our customer demographic to further grow our business. Our failure to address additional market opportunities would harm our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects.
Demand in the vehicle industry is highly volatile.
Volatility of demand in the vehicle industry may materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. The markets in which we will be competing have been subject to considerable volatility in demand in recent periods. Demand for automobile sales depends to a large extent on general, economic, political and social conditions in a given market and the introduction of new vehicles and technologies. As a new start-up manufacturer we will have fewer financial resources than more established vehicle manufacturers to withstand changes in the market and disruptions in demand.
We depend on a third-party for our near-term manufacturing needs.
In October 2017, we entered into a Manufacturing Agreement with Zongshen, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Zongshen Industrial Group Co. Ltd., an affiliate of Zongshen Power Machinery Co., Ltd., located in Chongqing, China. Under the Manufacturing Agreement Zongshen has contracted to produce 75,000 SOLO vehicles in the three full years from the commencement of production. The delivery of SOLO vehicles to our future customers and the revenue derived therefrom depends on Zongshen’s ability to fulfil its obligations under the Manufacturing Agreement. Zongshen’s ability to fulfil its obligations is outside of our control and depends on a variety of factors, including Zongshen’s operations, Zongshen’s financial condition and geopolitical and economic risks that could affect China. Our Manufacturing Agreement with Zongshen provides that non-performance by either us or Zongshen shall be excused to the extent that such performance is rendered impossible by strike, fire, flood, earthquake or governmental acts, orders or restrictions; provided that either we or Zongshen, as applicable, use commercially reasonable efforts to mitigate the impact of such non-performance. Notwithstanding any such efforts, any such non-performance by either us or Zongshen shall be cause for termination of the Manufacturing Agreement by the other party if the non-performance continues for more than six months. The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic or measures taken by the Chinese government relating thereto may result in non-performance by Zongshen under our Manufacturing Agreement. If Zongshen is unable to fulfil its obligations or is only able to partially fulfil its obligations under our existing Manufacturing Agreement with them, or if Zongshen either voluntarily or is forced to terminate our Manufacturing Agreement with them, either as a result of the coronavirus outbreak, the Chinese government’s measures relating thereto or otherwise, we will not be able to produce or sell our SOLO vehicle in the volumes anticipated and on the timetable that we anticipate, if at all.
The impact of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the global economy and our operations remains uncertain, which could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition and on the market price of our common shares.
In December 2019, a strain of novel coronavirus (now commonly known as COVID-19) was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China. COVID-19 has since spread rapidly throughout many countries, and, on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 to be a pandemic. In an effort to contain and mitigate the spread of COVID-19, many countries, including the United States, Canada and China, have imposed unprecedented restrictions on travel, and there have been business closures and a substantial reduction in economic activity in countries that have had significant outbreaks of COVID-19. Although our manufacturing partner, Zongshen, reports that its operations have not been materially affected at this point, significant uncertainty remains as to the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our and Zongshen’s operations (including, without limitation, staffing levels), supply chains for parts and sales channels for our products, and on the global economy as a whole. It is currently not possible to predict how long the pandemic will last or the time that it will take for economic activity to return to prior levels. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant financial market volatility and uncertainty in recent weeks. A continuation or worsening of the levels of market disruption and volatility seen in the recent past could have an adverse effect on our ability to access capital, on our business, results of operations and financial condition, and on the market price of our common shares.
We do not currently have all arrangements in place that are required to allow us to fully execute our business plan.
To sell our vehicles as envisioned we will need to enter into certain additional agreements and arrangements that are not currently in place. These include entering into agreements with distributors, arranging for the transportation of the mass-produced SOLOs to be delivered pursuant to our Manufacturing Agreement with Zongshen and obtaining battery and other essential supplies in the quantities that we require. If we are unable to enter into such agreements, or are only able to do so on terms that are unfavorable to us, we may not be able to fully carry out our business plans.
We depend on certain key personnel, and our success will depend on our continued ability to retain and attract such qualified personnel.
Our success depends on the efforts, abilities and continued service of Paul Rivera, our Chief Executive Officer, Bal Bhullar, our Chief Financial Officer, Henry Reisner, our President and Chief Operating Officer, and Isaac Moss, our Chief Administrative Officer and Corporate Secretary. A number of these key employees and consultants have significant experience in the automobile manufacturing and technology industries. A loss of service from any one of these individuals may adversely affect our operations, and we may have difficulty or may not be able to locate and hire suitable replacements. We have obtained “key person” insurance on certain key personnel.
Since we have little experience in mass-producing electric vehicles, any delays or difficulties in transitioning from producing custom vehicles to mass-producing vehicles may have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects and operating results.
Our management team has experience in producing custom designed vehicles and is now switching focus to mass producing electric vehicles in a rapidly evolving and competitive market. If we are unable to implement our business plans in the timeframe estimated by management and successfully transition into a mass-producing electric vehicle manufacturing business, then our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition will be negatively impacted and our ability to grow our business will be harmed.
We are subject to numerous environmental and health and safety laws and any breach of such laws may have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.
We are subject to numerous environmental and health and safety laws, including statutes, regulations, bylaws and other legal requirements. These laws relate to the generation, use, handling, storage, transportation and disposal of regulated substances, including hazardous substances (such as batteries), dangerous goods and waste, emissions or discharges into soil, water and air, including noise and odors (which could result in remediation obligations), and occupational health and safety matters, including indoor air quality. These legal requirements vary by location and can arise under federal, provincial, state or municipal laws. Any breach of such laws and/or requirements would have a material adverse effect on our Company and its operating results.
Our vehicles are subject to motor vehicle standards and the failure to satisfy such mandated safety standards would have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.
All vehicles sold must comply with federal, state and provincial motor vehicle safety standards. In both Canada and the United States vehicles that meet or exceed all federally mandated safety standards are certified under the federal regulations. In this regard, Canadian and U.S. motor vehicle safety standards are substantially the same. Rigorous testing and the use of approved materials and equipment are among the requirements for achieving federal certification. Failure by us to have the SOLO, the Tofino or any future model EV satisfy motor vehicle standards would have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.
If we are unable to reduce and adequately control the costs associated with operating our business, including our costs of manufacturing, sales and materials, our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects will suffer.
If we are unable to reduce and/or maintain a sufficiently low level of costs for designing, manufacturing, marketing, selling and distributing and servicing our electric vehicles relative to their selling prices, our operating results, gross margins, business and prospects could be materially and adversely impacted.
If our vehicles fail to perform as expected, our ability to develop, market and sell our electric vehicles could be harmed.
Our vehicles may contain defects in design and manufacture that may cause them not to perform as expected or that may require repair. For example, our vehicles use a substantial amount of software code to operate. Software products are inherently complex and often contain defects and errors when first introduced. While we have performed extensive internal testing, we currently have a very limited frame of reference by which to evaluate the performance of our SOLO in the hands of our customers and currently have no frame of reference by which to evaluate the performance of our vehicles after several years of customer driving. With the Tofino we are still in early design development phase, whereby the similar evaluations are further behind.
We have very limited experience servicing our vehicles. If we are unable to address the service and warranty requirements of our future customers our business will be materially and adversely affected.
If we are unable to successfully address the service requirements of our future customers our business and prospects will be materially and adversely affected. In addition, we anticipate the level and quality of the service we will provide our customers will have a direct impact on the success of our future vehicles. If we are unable to satisfactorily service our customers, our ability to generate customer loyalty, grow our business and sell additional vehicles could be impaired.
We have very limited experience servicing our vehicles. We have begun production of the SOLO vehicles for targeted deliveries during early 2021. The total number of production SOLOs that we have produced as at September 30, 2020 is six. The total number of SOLOs that we have produced as pre-production as of September 30, 2020 is 124 (64 from Canada and 60 from Zongshen). Throughout its history, our subsidiary, Intermeccanica, has produced approximately 2,500 cars, which include providing after sales support and servicing. We only have limited experience servicing the SOLO as a limited number of SOLOs have been produced. Servicing electric vehicles on a mass scale is different than servicing electric vehicles and vehicles with internal combustion engines and requires specialized skills, including high voltage training and servicing techniques on a mass scale.
In addition, we presently expect that our warranty covering the SOLO will cover 24 months, however, the final details on such coverage have not yet been completed. Furthermore, the SOLO battery pack is expected to have a 60-month warranty period, however, the final details on the exact warranty specifications is still being determined and is being developed in conjunction with our battery pack and cell suppliers.
We may not succeed in establishing, maintaining and strengthening the ElectraMeccanica brand, which would materially and adversely affect customer acceptance of our vehicles and components and our business, revenues and prospects.
Our business and prospects heavily depend on our ability to develop, maintain and strengthen the ElectraMeccanica brand. Any failure to develop, maintain and strengthen our brand may materially and adversely affect our ability to sell our planned electric vehicles. If we are not able to establish, maintain and strengthen our brand, we may lose the opportunity to build a critical mass of customers. Promoting and positioning our brand will likely depend significantly on our ability to provide high quality electric cars and maintenance and repair services, and we have very limited experience in these areas. In addition, we expect that our ability to develop, maintain and strengthen the ElectraMeccanica brand will also depend heavily on the success of our marketing efforts. To date we have limited experience with marketing activities as we have relied primarily on the internet, word of mouth and attendance at industry trade shows to promote our brand. To further promote our brand we may be required to change our marketing practices, which could result in substantially increased advertising expenses, including the need to use traditional media such as television, radio and print. The automobile industry is intensely competitive, and we may not be successful in building, maintaining and strengthening our brand. Many of our current and potential competitors, particularly automobile manufacturers headquartered in Detroit, Japan and the European Union, have greater name recognition, broader customer relationships and substantially greater marketing resources than we do. If we do not develop and maintain a strong brand, our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results will be materially and adversely impacted.
Increases in costs, disruption of supply or shortage of raw materials, in particular lithium-ion cells, could harm our business.
We may experience increases in the cost or a sustained interruption in the supply or shortage of raw materials. Any such increase or supply interruption could materially negatively impact our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results. We use various raw materials in our business including aluminum, steel, carbon fiber and non-ferrous metals such as copper and cobalt. The prices for these raw materials fluctuate depending on market conditions and global demand for these materials and could adversely affect our business and operating results. For instance, we are exposed to multiple risks relating to price fluctuations for lithium-ion cells. These risks include:
|•||the inability or unwillingness of current battery manufacturers to build or operate battery cell manufacturing plants to supply the numbers of lithium-ion cells required to support the growth of the electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle industry as demand for such cells increases;|
|•||disruption in the supply of cells due to quality issues or recalls by the battery cell manufacturers; and|
|•||an increase in the cost of raw materials, such as cobalt, used in lithium-ion cells.|
Our business depends on the continued supply of battery cells for our vehicles. We do not currently have any agreements for the supply of batteries and depend upon the open market for their procurement. Any disruption in the supply of battery cells from our supplier could temporarily disrupt the planned production of our vehicles until such time as a different supplier is fully qualified. Moreover, battery cell manufacturers may choose to refuse to supply electric vehicle manufacturers to the extent they determine that the vehicles are not sufficiently safe. Furthermore, current fluctuations or shortages in petroleum and other economic conditions may cause us to experience significant increases in freight charges and raw material costs. Substantial increases in the prices for our raw materials would increase our operating costs, and could reduce our margins if we cannot recoup the increased costs through increased electric vehicle prices. We might not be able to recoup increasing costs of raw materials by increasing vehicle prices. We have also already announced an estimated price for the base model of our SOLO, and the Tofino. However, any attempts to increase the announced or expected prices in response to increased raw material costs could be viewed negatively by our potential customers, result in cancellations of SOLO and Tofino reservations and could materially adversely affect our brand, image, business, prospects and operating results.
The unavailability, reduction or elimination of government and economic incentives could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects.
Any reduction, elimination or discriminatory application of government subsidies and economic incentives that are offered to purchasers of EVs or persons installing home charging stations, the reduced need for such subsidies and incentives due to the perceived success of the electric vehicle, fiscal tightening or other reasons may result in the diminished competitiveness of the alternative fuel vehicle industry generally or our electric vehicles in particular. This could materially and adversely affect the growth of the alternative fuel automobile markets and our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
If we fail to manage future growth effectively, we may not be able to market and sell our vehicles successfully.
Any failure to manage our growth effectively could materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. We plan to expand our operations in the near future in connection with the planned production of our vehicles. Our future operating results depend to a large extent on our ability to manage this expansion and growth successfully. Risks that we face in undertaking this expansion include:
|•||training new personnel;|
|•||forecasting production and revenue;|
|•||controlling expenses and investments in anticipation of expanded operations;|
|•||establishing or expanding design, manufacturing, sales and service facilities;|
|•||implementing and enhancing administrative infrastructure, systems and processes;|
|•||addressing new markets; and|
|•||establishing international operations.|
We intend to continue to hire a number of additional personnel, including design and manufacturing personnel and service technicians, for our electric vehicles. Competition for individuals with experience in designing, manufacturing and servicing electric vehicles is intense, and we may not be able to attract, assimilate, train or retain additional highly qualified personnel in the future. The failure to attract, integrate, train, motivate and retain these additional employees could seriously harm our business and prospects.
Our business may be adversely affected by labor and union activities.
Although none of our employees are currently represented by a labor union, it is common throughout the automobile industry generally for many employees at automobile companies to belong to a union, which can result in higher employee costs and increased risk of work stoppages. We have a Manufacturing Agreement with Zongshen to produce 75,000 SOLO vehicles in the first three full years from the commencement of production. Zongshen’s workforce is not currently unionized, though they may become so in the future or industrial stoppages could occur in the absence of a union. We also directly and indirectly depend upon other companies with unionized work forces, such as parts suppliers and trucking and freight companies, and work stoppages or strikes organized by such unions could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or operating results. If a work stoppage occurs within our business, or that of Zongshen or our key suppliers, it could delay the manufacture and sale of our electric vehicles and have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, operating results or financial condition. Additionally, if we expand our business to include full in-house manufacturing of our vehicles, our employees might join or form a labor union and we may be required to become a union signatory.
We may become subject to product liability claims, which could harm our financial condition and liquidity if we are not able to successfully defend or insure against such claims.
We may become subject to product liability claims, which could harm our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. The automobile industry experiences significant product liability claims and we face inherent risk of exposure to claims in the event our vehicles do not perform as expected or malfunction resulting in personal injury or death. Our risks in this area are particularly pronounced given we have limited field experience of our vehicles. A successful product liability claim against us could require us to pay a substantial monetary award. Moreover, a product liability claim could generate substantial negative publicity about our vehicles and business and inhibit or prevent commercialization of other future vehicle candidates which would have a material adverse effect on our brand, business, prospects and operating results. We plan to maintain product liability insurance for all our vehicles with annual limits of approximately $30 million on a claims-made basis, but any such insurance might not be sufficient to cover all potential product liability claims. Any lawsuit seeking significant monetary damages either in excess of our coverage or outside of our coverage may have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business and financial condition. We may not be able to secure additional product liability insurance coverage on commercially acceptable terms or at reasonable costs when needed, particularly if we do face liability for our products and are forced to make a claim under our policy.
Our patent applications may not result in issued patents, which may have a material adverse effect on our ability to prevent others from interfering with our commercialization of our products.
The registration and enforcement of patents involves complex legal and factual questions and the breadth and effectiveness of patented claims is uncertain. We cannot be certain that we are the first to file patent applications on these inventions, nor can we be certain that our pending patent applications will result in issued patents or that any of our issued patents will afford sufficient protection against someone creating competing products, or as a defensive portfolio against a competitor who claims that we are infringing its patents. In addition, patent applications filed in foreign countries are subject to laws, rules and procedures that differ from those of the United States, and thus we cannot be certain that foreign patent applications, if any, will result in issued patents in those foreign jurisdictions or that such patents can be effectively enforced, even if they relate to patents issued in the United States.
We may need to defend ourselves against patent or trademark infringement claims, which may be time-consuming and would cause us to incur substantial costs.
Companies, organizations or individuals, including our competitors, may hold or obtain patents, trademarks or other proprietary rights that would prevent, limit or interfere with our ability to make, use, develop, sell or market our vehicles or components, which could make it more difficult for us to operate our business. From time to time we may receive communications from third parties that allege our products are covered by their patents or trademarks or other intellectual property rights. Companies holding patents or other intellectual property rights may bring suits alleging infringement of such rights or otherwise assert their rights. If we are determined to have infringed upon a third party’s intellectual property rights, we may be required to do things that include one or more of the following:
|•||cease making, using, selling or offering to sell processes, goods or services that incorporate or use the third-party intellectual property;|
|•||pay substantial damages;|
|•||seek a license from the holder of the infringed intellectual property right, which license may not be available on reasonable terms or at all;|
|•||redesign our vehicles or other goods or services to avoid infringing the third-party intellectual property; or|
|•||establish and maintain alternative branding for our products and services.|
In the event of a successful claim of infringement against us and our failure or inability to obtain a license to the infringed technology or other intellectual property right, our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. In addition, any litigation or claims, whether or not valid, could result in substantial costs, negative publicity and diversion of resources and management attention.
You may face difficulties in protecting your interests, and your ability to protect your rights through the U.S. federal courts may be limited because we are incorporated under the laws of the Province of British Columbia, a substantial portion of our assets are in Canada and all of our executive officers and most of our directors reside outside the United States
We are organized pursuant to the laws of the Province of British Columbia under the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia), and our executive offices are located outside of the United States in Vancouver, British Columbia. Three of our four officers, our auditor and all but four of our directors reside outside the United States. In addition, a substantial portion of their assets and our assets are located outside of the United States. As a result, you may have difficulty serving legal process within the United States upon us or any of these persons. You may also have difficulty enforcing, both in and outside of the United States, judgments you may obtain in U.S. courts against us or these persons in any action, including actions based upon the civil liability provisions of U.S. federal or state securities laws. Furthermore, there is substantial doubt as to the enforceability in Canada against us or against any of our directors, officers and any experts named in this prospectus who are not residents of the United States, in original actions or in actions for enforcement of judgments of U.S. courts, of liabilities based solely upon the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws. In addition, shareholders in British Columbia companies may not have standing to initiate a shareholder derivative action in U.S. federal courts. As a result, our public shareholders may have more difficulty in protecting their interests through actions against us, our management, our directors or our major shareholders than would shareholders of a corporation incorporated in a jurisdiction in the United States.
Global economic conditions could materially adversely impact demand for our products and services.
Our operations and performance depend significantly on economic conditions. Uncertainty about global economic conditions could result in customers postponing purchases of our products and services in response to tighter credit, unemployment, negative financial news and/or declines in income or asset values and other macroeconomic factors, which could have a material negative effect on demand for our products and services and, accordingly, on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
We are vulnerable to a growing trade dispute between the United States and China
A growing trade dispute between the United States and China could increase the proposed sales price of our products or decrease our profits, if any. In June 2018, the current U.S. administration imposed tariffs on $34 billion of Chinese exports, including a 25% duty on cars built in China and shipped to the United States. Following the imposition of these tariffs, China has imposed additional tariffs on U.S. goods manufactured in the United States and exported to China. Subsequently, the U.S. administration indicated that it may impose tariffs on up to US$500 billion on goods manufactured in China and imported into the United States. These tariffs may escalate a nascent trade war between China and the United States. This trade conflict could affect our business because we intend to mass produce the SOLO in China and our intended principal market is the west coast of North America. If a trade war were to escalate, or if tariffs were imposed on any of our products, we could be forced to increase the proposed sales price of such products or reduce the margins, if any, on such products.
Recently, U.S. Customs and Border Protection ruled that the SOLO has a classification under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States that applies to passenger vehicles for less than 10 people with only electric motors. The total applicable duty for this classification was recently raised to 27.5% (2.5% is a “most-favored-nation” tariff for this classification and 25% derives from this classification being on the China 301 List 1). We envision that the suggested retail purchase price for our SOLO will be US$18,500. As the landscape for tariffs involving imports to the United States from the PRC has been changing over the past year and may change again, we have not determined how to adjust the purchase price in the United States in response to the recent tariff increase.
On January 15, 2020, the United States and the PRC signed the Phase 1 Trade Agreement which came into force on February 14, 2020. Notwithstanding the coming into force of the Phase 1 Trade Agreement, the United States will maintain its tariffs on cars built in China and shipped to the United States.
Uncertainties in the interpretation and enforcement of Chinese laws and regulations could limit the legal protections available to you and us.
The legal system in the PRC is based on written statutes. Unlike common law systems, it is a system in which legal cases have limited value as precedents. In the late 1970s the PRC government began to promulgate a comprehensive system of laws and regulations governing economic matters in general. The overall effect of legislation over the past three decades has significantly increased the protections afforded to various production services in the PRC. Zongshen, our manufacturing partner, is subject to various PRC laws and regulations generally applicable to companies in China. However, since these laws and regulations are relatively new and the PRC legal system continues to rapidly evolve, the interpretations of many laws, regulations and rules are not always uniform and enforcement of these laws, regulations and rules involve uncertainties.
From time to time we may have to resort to administrative and court proceedings to enforce our legal rights or Zongshen may have to resort to administrative and court proceedings to fulfill its obligations under the manufacturing agreement. However, since PRC administrative and court authorities have significant discretion in interpreting and implementing statutory and contractual terms, it may be more difficult to evaluate the outcome of administrative and court proceedings and the level of legal protection we enjoy than in more developed legal systems. Furthermore, the PRC legal system is based in part on government policies and internal rules (some of which are not published in a timely manner or at all) that may have retroactive effect. As a result, we or Zongshen may not be aware of our violation of these policies and rules until sometime after the violation. Such uncertainties, including uncertainty over the scope and effect of our contractual, property (including intellectual property) and procedural rights, and any failure to respond to changes in the regulatory environment in China, could materially and adversely affect our business and impede our ability to continue our operations.
Risks Related to Our Common Shares
Our executive officers and directors beneficially own a large controlling percentage of our common shares.
As of November 17, 2020, our executive officers and directors beneficially owned, in the aggregate, approximately 23.23% of our common shares, which includes shares that our executive officers and directors have the right to acquire pursuant to warrants, stock options, restricted stock units and deferred stock units which have vested. As a result, they will be able to exercise a significant level of control over all matters requiring shareholder approval, including the election of directors, amendments to our Articles and approval of significant corporate transactions. This control could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of our Company or changes in management and will make the approval of certain transactions difficult or impossible without the support of these shareholders.
The continued sale of our equity securities will dilute the ownership percentage of our existing shareholders and may decrease the market price for our common shares.
Our Notice of Articles authorize the issuance of an unlimited number of common shares and the issuance of preferred shares. Our Board of Directors has the authority to issue additional shares of our capital stock to provide additional financing in the future and designate the rights of the preferred shares, which may include voting, dividend, distribution or other rights that are preferential to those held by the common shareholders. The issuance of any such common or preferred shares may result in a reduction of the book value or market price, if one exists at the time, of our outstanding common shares. Given our lack of revenues, we will likely have to issue additional equity securities to obtain working capital we require for the next 12 months. Our efforts to fund our intended business plans will therefore result in dilution to our existing shareholders. If we do issue any such additional common shares, such issuance also will cause a reduction in the proportionate ownership and voting power of all other shareholders. As a result of such dilution, if you acquire common shares your proportionate ownership interest and voting power could be decreased. Furthermore, any such issuances could result in a change of control or a reduction in the market price for our common shares.
Additionally, we had 13,249,646 options and 18,303,276 warrants outstanding as of November 18, 2020. The exercise price of some of these options and warrants is below our current market price, and you could purchase shares in the market at a price in excess of the exercise price of our outstanding warrants or options. If the holders of these options and warrants elect to exercise them, your ownership position will be diluted and the per share value of the common shares you have or acquire could be diluted as well. As a result, the market value of our common shares could significantly decrease as well.
Issuances of our preferred stock may adversely affect the rights of the holders of our common shares and reduce the value of our common shares.
Our Notice of Articles authorize the issuance of an unlimited number of shares of preferred stock. Our Board of Directors has the authority to create one or more series of preferred stock and, without shareholder approval, issue shares of preferred stock with rights superior to the rights of the holders of common shares. As a result, shares of preferred stock could be issued quickly and easily, adversely affecting the rights of holder of common shares and could be issued with terms calculated to delay or prevent a change in control or make removal of management more difficult. Although we currently have no plans to create any series of preferred stock and have no present plans to issue any shares of preferred stock, any creation and issuance of preferred stock in the future could adversely affect the rights of the holders of common shares and reduce the value of our common shares.
The market price of our common shares may be volatile and may fluctuate in a way that is disproportionate to our operating performance.
Our common shares began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market in August 2018, and before that it had been trading on the OTCQB starting in September 2017. The historical volume of trading has been low (within the past year, the fewest number of our shares that were traded on Nasdaq was 28,706 shares daily), and the share price has fluctuated significantly (since trading began on Nasdaq our closing price has been as low as US$0.91 and as high as US$5.15). The share price for our common shares could decline due to the impact of any of the following factors:
|•||sales or potential sales of substantial amounts of our common shares;|
|•||announcements about us or about our competitors;|
|•||litigation and other developments relating to our patents or other proprietary rights or those of our competitors;|
|•||conditions in the automobile industry;|
|•||governmental regulation and legislation;|
|•||variations in our anticipated or actual operating results;|
|•||change in securities analysts’ estimates of our performance, or our failure to meet analysts’ expectations;|
|•||change in general economic trends; and|
|•||investor perception of our industry or our prospects.|
Many of these factors are beyond our control. The stock markets in general, and the market for automobile companies in particular, have historically experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. These fluctuations often have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of these companies. These broad market and industry factors could reduce the market price of our common shares regardless of our actual operating performance.
We do not intend to pay dividends and there will thus be fewer ways in which you are able to make a gain on your investment.
We have never paid any cash or stock dividends and we do not intend to pay any dividends for the foreseeable future. To the extent that we require additional funding currently not provided for in our financing plan, our funding sources may prohibit the payment of any dividends. Because we do not intend to declare dividends, any gain on your investment will need to result from an appreciation in the price of our common shares. There will therefore be fewer ways in which you are able to make a gain on your investment.
FINRA sales practice requirements may limit your ability to buy and sell our common shares, which could depress the price of our shares.
FINRA rules require broker-dealers to have reasonable grounds for believing that an investment is suitable for a customer before recommending that investment to the customer. Prior to recommending speculative low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status and investment objectives, among other things. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability such speculative low-priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. Thus, FINRA requirements may make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common shares, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our common shares, have an adverse effect on the market for our common shares and, thereby, depress their market prices.
Our common shares have been thinly traded, and you may be unable to sell at or near ask prices or at all if you need to sell your common shares to raise money or otherwise desire to liquidate your shares.
From October 2017 until August 2018, our common shares were quoted on the OTCQB where they were “thinly-traded”, meaning that the number of persons interested in purchasing our common shares at or near bid prices at any given time was relatively small or non-existent. Since we listed on Nasdaq in August 2018, the volume of our common shares traded has increased, but that volume could decrease until we are thinly-traded again. That could occur due to a number of factors, including that we are relatively unknown to stock analysts, stock brokers, institutional investors and others in the investment community that generate or influence sales volume, and that even if we came to the attention of such persons, they tend to be risk-averse and might be reluctant to follow an unproven company such as ours or purchase or recommend the purchase of our common shares until such time as we became more seasoned. As a consequence, there may be periods of several days or more when trading activity in our common shares is minimal or non-existent, as compared to a seasoned issuer which has a large and steady volume of trading activity that will generally support continuous sales without an adverse effect on share price. Broad or active public trading market for our common shares may not develop or be sustained.
Volatility in our common shares or warrant price may subject us to securities litigation.
The market for our common shares may have, when compared to seasoned issuers, significant price volatility, and we expect that our share or warrant prices may continue to be more volatile than that of a seasoned issuer for the indefinite future. In the past, plaintiffs have often initiated securities class action litigation against a company following periods of volatility in the market price of its securities. We may, in the future, be the target of similar litigation. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and liabilities and could divert management’s attention and resources.
We are a foreign private issuer within the meaning of the rules under the Exchange Act, and as such we are exempt from certain provisions applicable to United States domestic public companies.
We are a foreign private issuer within the meaning of the rules under the Exchange Act. As such, we are exempt from certain provisions applicable to United States domestic public companies. For example:
|•||we are not required to provide as many Exchange Act reports, or as frequently, as a domestic public company;|
|•||for interim reporting we are permitted to comply solely with our home country requirements, which are less rigorous than the rules that apply to domestic public companies;|
|•||we are not required to provide the same level of disclosure on certain issues, such as executive compensation;|
|•||we are exempt from provisions of Regulation FD aimed at preventing issuers from making selective disclosures of material information;|
|•||we are not required to comply with the sections of the Exchange Act regulating the solicitation of proxies, consents or authorizations in respect of a security registered under the Exchange Act; and|
|•||we are not required to comply with Section 16 of the Exchange Act requiring insiders to file public reports of their share ownership and trading activities and establishing insider liability for profits realized from any “short-swing” trading transaction.|
Our shareholders may not have access to certain information they may deem important and are accustomed to receive from U.S. reporting companies.
As an “emerging growth company” under applicable law, we will be subject to lessened disclosure requirements. Such reduced disclosure may make our common shares less attractive to investors.
For as long as we remain an “emerging growth company”, as defined in the JOBS Act, we will elect to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” and including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports, exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Because of these lessened regulatory requirements our shareholders would be left without information or rights available to shareholders of more mature companies. If some investors find our common shares less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for such securities and their market prices may be more volatile.
We incur significant costs as a result of being a public company, which costs will grow after we cease to qualify as an “emerging growth company.”
We incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses as a public company that we did not incur as a private company. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, as well as rules subsequently implemented by the SEC and Nasdaq, impose various requirements on the corporate governance practices of public companies. We are an “emerging growth company”, as defined in the JOBS Act, and will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of : (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following May 23, 2022, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least US$1.07 billion or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common shares that is held by non-affiliates exceeds US$700 million as of the prior June 30th; and (2) the date on which we have issued more than US$1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the prior three-year period. An emerging growth company may take advantage of specified reduced reporting and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include exemption from the auditor attestation requirement under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in the assessment of the emerging growth company’s internal control over financial reporting and permission to delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies.
Compliance with these rules and regulations increases our legal and financial compliance costs and makes some corporate activities more time-consuming and costlier. After we are no longer an emerging growth company, we expect to incur significant expenses and devote substantial management effort toward ensuring compliance with the requirements of Section 404 and the other rules and regulations of the SEC. For example, as a public company we have been required to increase the number of independent directors and adopt policies regarding internal controls and disclosure controls and procedures. We have incurred additional costs in obtaining director and officer liability insurance. In addition, we incur additional costs associated with our public company reporting requirements. It may also be more difficult for us to find qualified persons to serve on our Board of Directors or as executive officers. We are currently evaluating and monitoring developments with respect to these rules and regulations, and we cannot predict or estimate with any degree of certainty the amount of additional costs we may incur or the timing of such costs.
CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This prospectus (and any prospectus supplement), including the documents incorporated by reference herein, contains statements that constitute “forward-looking statements”. Any statements that are not statements of historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. These statements appear in a number of different places in this prospectus and, in some cases, can be identified by words such as “anticipates”, “estimates”, “projects”, “expects”, “contemplates”, “intends”, “believes”, “plans”, “may”, “will”, or their negatives or other comparable words, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Forward-looking statements in this prospectus may include, but are not limited to, statements and/or information related to: strategy, future operations, the size and value of the order book and the number of orders, the number and timing of building pre-mass production vehicles, the projection of timing and delivery of SOLOs, or Tofinos, if developed, in the future, projected costs, expected production capacity, expectations regarding demand and acceptance of our products, estimated costs of machinery to equip a new production facility, and trends in the market in which we operate, plans and objectives of management.
Forward-looking statements are based on the reasonable assumptions, estimates, analysis and opinions made in light of our experience and our perception of trends, current conditions and expected developments, as well as other factors that we believe to be relevant and reasonable in the circumstances at the date that such statements are made, but which may prove to be incorrect. Management believes that the assumption and expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable. Assumptions have been made regarding, among other things: our ability to build pre-mass production vehicles and to begin production deliveries within certain timelines; our expected production capacity; prices for machinery to equip a new production facility, labor costs and material costs, remaining consistent with our current expectations; production of SOLOs and Tofinos, if developed, meeting expectations and being consistent with estimates; equipment operating as anticipated; there being no material variations in the current regulatory environment; and our ability to obtain financing as and when required and on reasonable terms. Readers are cautioned that the foregoing list is not exhaustive of all factors and assumptions which may have been used.
The forward-looking statements, including the statements contained in this prospectus and documents incorporated herein by reference, are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to be materially different from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such risks, uncertainties and other factors include but are not limited to:
|·||general economic and business conditions, including changes in interest rates;|
|·||prices of other electric vehicles, costs associated with manufacturing electric vehicles and other economic conditions;|
|·||natural phenomena (including the current COVID-19 pandemic);|
|·||actions by government authorities, including changes in government regulation;|
|·||uncertainties associated with legal proceedings;|
|·||changes in the electric vehicle market;|
|·||future decisions by management in response to changing conditions;|
|·||our ability to execute prospective business plans;|
|·||misjudgments in the course of preparing forward-looking statements;|
|·||our ability to raise sufficient funds to carry out our proposed business plan;|
|·||consumers’ willingness to adopt three-wheeled single passenger electric vehicles;|
|·||declines in the range of our electric vehicles on a single charge over time may negatively influence potential customers’ decisions to purchase such vehicles;|
|·||developments in alternative technologies or improvements in the internal combustion engine;|
|·||inability to keep up with advances in electric vehicle technology;|
|·||inability to design, develop, market and sell new electric vehicles and services that address additional market opportunities;|
|·||dependency on certain key personnel and any inability to retain and attract qualified personnel;|
|·||inexperience in mass-producing electric vehicles;|
|·||inability to reduce and adequately control operating costs;|
|·||failure of our vehicles to perform as expected;|
|·||inexperience in servicing electric vehicles;|
|·||inability to succeed in establishing, maintaining and strengthening the ElectraMeccanica brand;|
|·||disruption of supply or shortage of raw materials;|
|·||the unavailability, reduction or elimination of government and economic incentives;|
|·||failure to manage future growth effectively; and|
|·||labor and employment risks.|
Although management has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. Forward-looking statements might not prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. We wish to advise you that these cautionary remarks expressly qualify, in their entirety, all forward-looking statements attributable to our Company or persons acting on our Company’s behalf. We do not undertake to update any forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting such statements, except as, and to the extent required by, applicable securities laws. You should carefully review the cautionary statements and risk factors contained in this prospectus and other documents that we may file from time to time with the securities regulators.
PRESENTATION OF FINANCIAL INFORMATION AND EXCHANGE RATE DATA
Unless indicated otherwise, financial information in this prospectus, including the documents incorporated by reference herein, has been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, which differs in some significant respects from generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or U.S. GAAP, and thus this financial information may not be comparable to the financial statements of U.S. companies.
All dollar amounts in this prospectus are expressed in Canadian dollars unless otherwise indicated. Our accounts are maintained in Canadian dollars, and our financial statements are prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board. All references to “U.S. dollars”, “USD”, or to “US$” are to United States dollars.
The following table sets forth, for each period indicated, the high and low exchange rate for U.S. dollars expressed in Canadian dollars, and the average exchange rate for the periods indicated. Averages for year-end periods are calculated by using the exchange rates on the last day of each full month during the relevant period. These rates are based on the noon-buying rate certified for custom purposes by the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank of New York set forth in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board. These rates are provided solely for your convenience and are not necessarily the exchange rates that we used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements, pro forma financial statements or elsewhere in this prospectus or will use in the preparation of our periodic reports or any other information to be provided to you. We make no representation that any Canadian dollar or U.S. dollar amounts referred to in this prospectus could have been or could be converted into U.S. dollars or Canadian dollars, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.
|Period End||Period Average|
|High Rate||Low Rate|
|December 31, 2018||$||1.3644||$||1.2957||$||1.3650||$||1.2280|
|December 31, 2019||$||1.2962||$||1.3232||$||1.3591||$||1.2962|
|May 31, 2020||$||1.3809||$||1.3972||$||1.4143||$||1.3763|
|June 30, 2020||$||1.3614||$||1.3552||$||1.3695||$||1.3379|
|July 31, 2020||$||1.3384||$||1.3497||$||1.3606||$||1.3364|
|August 31, 2020||$||1.3034||$||1.3042||$||1.3408||$||1.3034|
|September 30, 2020||$||1.3323||$||1.3230||$||1.3411||$||1.3043|
|October 31, 2020||$||1.3332||$||1.3218||$||1.3365||$||1.3120|
USE OF PROCEEDS
Unless we otherwise indicate in a prospectus supplement, we currently intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of our securities on sales and marketing expenditures, capital expenditures, further product development expenditures, operational expenditures and working capital for general corporate and administrative purposes.
More detailed information regarding the use of proceeds from the sale of securities, including any determinable milestones at the applicable time, will be described in any applicable prospectus supplement. We may also, from time to time, issue securities otherwise than pursuant to a prospectus supplement to this prospectus.
Our dividend policy is set forth under the heading “Item 8.A. Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information” in our Annual Report, as amended, on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2019, which is incorporated in this prospectus by reference, as updated by our subsequent filings under the Exchange Act.
OFFER AND LISTING DETAILS
We may offer and issue from time to time common shares, preferred shares, warrants to purchase common shares and units, or any combination thereof, up to an aggregate initial offering price of up to US$200,000,000 in one or more transactions under this shelf prospectus. The price of securities offered will depend on a number of factors that may be relevant at the time of offer. See “Plan of Distribution” herein.
The common shares and Registered Warrants have been listed on Nasdaq under the symbol “SOLO” and “SOLOW” since August 9, 2018. Our common shares were traded previously on the OTC Market Group Inc.’s Venture Market (OTCQB) under the symbol “ECCTF” since September 2017.
The following tables sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low trading prices of the common shares as reported on Nasdaq prior to the filing of this prospectus.
Common Shares (symbol: “SOLO”)
|December 31, 2019||2.73||1.60|
|March 31, 2020||2.58||0.89|
|June 30, 2020||3.00||0.90|
|September 30, 2020||6.00||2.05|
|Last Nine Months|
DESCRIPTION OF SHARE CAPITAL
We are authorized to issue an unlimited number of common shares, without par value. As of December 31, 2019, the date of the most recent audited balance sheet included in our financial statements, there were 37,049,374 common shares issued and outstanding and 33,511,711 common shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants. As of November 18, 2020, there were 78,710,076 common shares issued and outstanding and 31,552,922 common shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants.
The holders of our common shares are entitled to vote at all meetings of shareholders, to receive dividends if, as and when declared by the directors and to participate pro rata in any distribution of property or assets upon our liquidation, winding-up or other dissolution. Our common shares carry no pre-emptive rights, conversion or exchange rights, redemption, retraction, repurchase, sinking fund or purchase fund provisions. There are no provisions requiring the holder of our common share to contribute additional capital and no restrictions on the issuance of additional securities by us. There are no restrictions on the repurchase or redemption of common shares by us except to the extent that any such repurchase or redemption would render us insolvent pursuant to the B.C. Business Corporations Act.
We may issue our preferred shares from time to time in one or more series. The terms of each series of preferred shares, including the number of shares, the designation, rights, preferences, privileges, priorities, restrictions, conditions and limitations, will be determined at the time of creation of each such series by our board of directors, without shareholder approval, provided that all preferred shares will rank equally within their class as to dividends and distributions in the event of our dissolution, liquidation or winding-up. We do not have any preferred shares outstanding as of the date of this prospectus.
Our stock transfer agent and warrant agent for our securities is VStock Transfer, LLC, located at 18 Lafayette Place, Woodmere, New York, U.S.A., 11598, and its telephone number is (212) 828-8436.
DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS
This section describes the general terms that will apply to any warrants for the purchase of common shares. We will not offer warrants for sale separately to any member of the public in Canada unless the offering is in connection with and forms part of the consideration for an acquisition or merger transaction or unless an applicable prospectus and\or prospectus supplement containing the specific terms of the warrants to be offered separately is first approved for filing by the securities commissions or similar regulatory authorities in each of the provinces and territories of Canada where the warrants will be offered for sale.
Subject to the foregoing, we may issue warrants independently or together with other securities, and warrants sold with other securities may be attached to or separate from the other securities. Warrants may be issued under one or more warrant indentures or warrant agency agreements to be entered into by us and one or more banks or trust companies acting as warrant agent.
This summary of some of the provisions of the warrants is not complete. The statements made in this prospectus relating to any warrant agreement and warrants to be issued under this prospectus are summaries of certain anticipated provisions thereof and do not purport to be complete and are subject to, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, all provisions of the applicable warrant agreement. You should refer to the warrant indenture or warrant agency agreement relating to the specific warrants being offered for the complete terms of the warrants. A copy of any warrant indenture or warrant agency agreement relating to an offering or warrants will be filed by us with the securities regulatory authorities in Canada and the United States after we have entered into it.
The applicable prospectus supplement relating to any warrants that we offer will describe the particular terms of those warrants and include specific terms relating to the offering.
Original purchasers are further advised that in certain Canadian provinces and territories the statutory right of action in connection with a prospectus misrepresentation limits damages to the amount paid for the security that was purchased under a prospectus, and therefore a further payment at the time of exercise may not be recoverable in a statutory action for damages. A Canadian purchaser should refer to any applicable provisions of the securities legislation of the purchaser’s province or territory for the particulars of these rights, or consult with a legal advisor.
The particular terms of each issue of warrants will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement. This description will include, where applicable:
|·||the designation and aggregate number of warrants;|
|·||the price at which the warrants will be offered;|
|·||the currency or currencies in which the warrants will be offered;|
|·||the date on which the right to exercise the warrants will commence and the date on which the right will expire;|
|·||the number of common shares that may be purchased upon exercise of each warrant and the price at which and currency or currencies in which the common shares may be purchased upon exercise of each warrant;|
|·||the terms of any provisions allowing or providing for adjustments in (i) the number and/or class of shares that may be purchased, (ii) the exercise price per share or (iii) the expiry of the warrants;|
|·||whether we will issue fractional shares;|
|·||whether we have applied to list the warrants or the underlying shares on a stock exchange;|
|·||the designation and terms of any securities with which the warrants will be offered, if any, and the number of the warrants that will be offered with each security;|
|·||the date or dates, if any, on or after which the warrants and the related securities will be transferable separately;|
|·||whether the warrants will be subject to redemption and, if so, the terms of such redemption provisions;|
|·||material US and Canadian federal income tax consequences of owning the warrants; and|
|·||any other material terms or conditions of the warrants.|
DESCRIPTION OF UNITS
The following description sets forth certain general terms and provisions of units to which any prospectus supplement may relate.
We may issue units comprised of one or more of the other securities described in this prospectus in any combination. Each unit will be issued so that the holder of the unit is also the holder of each security included in the unit. Thus, the holder of a unit will have the rights and obligations of a holder of each included security. The unit agreement under which a unit is issued, if any, may provide that the securities included in the unit may not be held or transferred separately, at any time or at any time before a specified date.
The applicable prospectus supplement may describe:
|·||the designation and terms of the units and of the securities comprising the units, including whether and under what circumstances those securities may be held or transferred separately;|
|·||any provisions for the issuance, payment, settlement, transfer or exchange of the units or of the securities comprising the units; and|
|·||whether the units will be issued in fully registered or global form.|
The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the terms of any units. The preceding description and any description of units in the applicable prospectus supplement does not purport to be complete and is subject to and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the unit agreement and, if applicable, collateral arrangements and depositary arrangements relating to such units.
INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS
The applicable prospectus supplement may describe certain Canadian federal income tax consequences to an investor who is a non-resident of Canada or to an investor who is a resident of Canada acquiring, owning and disposing of any of our securities offered thereunder.
The applicable prospectus supplement may also describe certain U.S. federal income tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of any of our securities offered thereunder by an initial investor who is a U.S. person (within the meaning of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code), including, to the extent applicable, such consequences relating to debt securities payable in a currency other than the U.S. dollar, issued at an original issue discount for U.S. federal income tax purposes or containing early redemption provisions or other special items.
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
We may sell securities to or through underwriters or dealers, and also may sell securities to one or more other purchasers directly or through agents, including sales pursuant to ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which a broker-dealer solicits purchasers or may issue securities in whole or in partial payment of the purchase price of assets acquired by us or our subsidiaries, or any other method pursuant to applicable law. Each prospectus supplement will set forth the terms of the offering or issue, including the name or names of any underwriters, agents or selling securityholders, the purchase price or prices of the securities, the proceeds to us from the sale of the securities and any commissions, fees, discounts and other items constituting underwriters', dealers' or agents' compensation.
The securities may be sold, from time to time in one or more transactions at a fixed price or prices which may be changed or at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to such prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices, including sales in transactions that are deemed to be “at-the-market distributions” as defined in accordance with Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act, including sales made directly on the Nasdaq or other existing trading markets for the securities. The prices at which the securities may be offered may vary as between purchasers and during the period of distribution. If, in connection with the offering of securities at a fixed price or prices, the underwriters have made a bona fide effort to sell all of the securities at the initial offering price fixed in the applicable prospectus supplement, the public offering price may be decreased and thereafter further changed, from time to time, to an amount not greater than the initial public offering price fixed in such prospectus supplement, in which case the compensation realized by the underwriters will be decreased by the amount that the aggregate price paid by purchasers for the securities is less than the gross proceeds paid by the underwriters to us.
Underwriters, dealers and agents who participate in the distribution of the securities may be entitled to, under agreements to be entered into with us, indemnification by us against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act and applicable Canadian provincial securities legislation, or to contribution with respect to payments which such underwriters, dealers or agents may be required to make in respect thereof. Such underwriters, dealers and agents may be customers of, engage in transactions with, or perform services for, us in the ordinary course of business.
In connection with any offering of our securities, other than an “at-the-market distribution,” the underwriters may over-allot or effect transactions which stabilize or maintain the market price of our securities offered at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market. Such transactions, if commenced, may be discontinued at any time. Each prospectus supplement will set forth the terms of such transactions.
In compliance with the guidelines of FINRA, the aggregate maximum discount, commission or agency fees or other items constituting underwriting compensation to be received by any FINRA member or independent broker-dealer will not exceed 8% of any offering pursuant to this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or pricing supplement, as the case may be; however, it is anticipated that the maximum commission or discount to be received in any particular offering of securities will be less than this amount.
The following table sets forth the estimated costs and expenses, other than underwriting discounts and commissions, payable by us in connection with the offering of the securities being registered. All the amounts shown are estimates, except for the SEC registration fee.
|SEC registration fee||US$||21,820.00|
|Legal fees and expenses||US$||100,000.00||(*)|
|Accounting fees and expenses||US$||25,000.00||(*)|
|Printing fees and expenses||US$||5,000.00||(*)|
|(*)||Estimated expenses are not presently known. The foregoing sets forth the general categories of expenses (other than underwriting discounts and commissions) that the Company anticipates it will incur in connection with the offering of securities under the registration statement. An estimate of the aggregate expenses in connection with the issuance and distribution of the securities being offered will be included in the applicable prospectus supplement.|
WHERE YOU CAN GET MORE INFORMATION
We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form F-3 under the Securities Act with respect to the securities described in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, as applicable. This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, which constitute a part of that registration statement, do not contain all of the information set forth in that registration statement and its exhibits. For further information with respect to us and our securities, you should consult the registration statement and its exhibits.
We are required to file with the securities commission or authority in each of the applicable provinces of Canada annual and quarterly reports, material change reports and other information. In addition, we are subject to the informational requirements of the Exchange Act, and, in accordance with the Exchange Act, we also must file reports with, and furnish other information to, the SEC. As a foreign private issuer, we are exempt from the rules under the Exchange Act prescribing the furnishing and content of proxy statements, and our officers, directors and principal shareholders are exempt from the reporting and short-swing profit recovery provisions contained in Section 16 of the Exchange Act. In addition, we are not required to publish financial statements as promptly as U.S. companies. However, we file with the SEC an annual report on Form 20-F containing financial statements audited by an independent registered public accounting firm, and we submit to the SEC, on Form 6-K, unaudited quarterly financial information.
You may read and copy any document we file with, or furnish to, the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the public reference room. The SEC also maintains an internet site (www.sec.gov) that makes available reports and other information that we file or furnish electronically with it.
INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus the documents we file with, or furnish to, it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to these documents. The information that we incorporate by reference into this prospectus forms a part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC automatically updates and supersedes any information in this prospectus. We incorporate by reference into this prospectus the documents listed below:
|·||our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, including any amendments, initially filed with the SEC on March 25, 2020;|
|·||our Quarterly Reports included as exhibits 99.1 to our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K for our fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 that were filed with the SEC on May 12, 2020, August 11, 2020 and November 10, 2020, respectively; and|
|·||our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-Ks that we furnished to the SEC on each of January 14, 2020, January 21, 2020, January 28, 2020, February 24, 2020, February 28, 2020, March 2, 2020, March 26, 2020, March 30, 2020, April 7, 2020, April 14, 2020, April 27, 2020, April 27, 2020, April 30, 2020, May 5, 2020, May 12, 2020, May 12, 2020, May 13, 2020, May 19, 2020, June 8, 2020, June 10, 2020, June 12, 2020, June 12, 2020, June 15, 2020, June 16, 2020, June 23, 2020, July 10, 2020, July 13, 2020, July 14, 2020, July 24, 2020, August 11, 2020, August 12, 2020, August 24, 2020, August 24, 2020, August 27, 2020, September 3, 2020, September 8, 2020, September 16, 2020, October 7, 2020, October 29, 2020, November 10, 2020 and November 12, 2020.|
All documents filed by us pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act subsequent to the date of this prospectus and prior to the termination of the offering of the securities offered by this prospectus are incorporated by reference into this prospectus and form part of this prospectus from the date of filing or furnishing of these documents. Any documents that we furnish to the SEC on Form 6-K subsequent to the date of this prospectus will be incorporated by reference into this prospectus only to the extent specifically set forth in the Form 6-K.
Any statement contained in a document that is incorporated by reference into this prospectus will be deemed to be modified or superseded for the purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus, or in any other subsequently filed document which also is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference into this prospectus, modifies or supersedes that statement. The modifying or superseding statement does not need to state that it has modified or superseded a prior statement or include any other information set forth in the document that it modifies or supersedes.
Upon request, we will provide, without charge, to each person who receives this prospectus, a copy of any or all of the documents incorporated by reference (other than exhibits to the documents that are not specifically incorporated by reference in the documents). Please direct written or oral requests for copies to our Corporate Secretary at 102 East 1st Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5T 1A4 or by calling 1-604-428-7656.
ENFORCEABILITY OF CIVIL LIABILITIES
We are organized under the laws of the Province of British Columbia, Canada pursuant to the B.C. Business Corporations Act and our executive offices are located outside of the United States in Vancouver, British Columbia. Three of four of our officers, our auditor and four of eight of our directors reside outside the United States. In addition, a substantial portion of their assets and our assets are located outside of the United States. As a result, it may be difficult to serve legal process within the United States upon us or any of these persons. It may also be difficult to enforce, both in and outside of the United States, judgments of U.S. courts against us or these persons in any action, including actions based upon the civil liability provisions of U.S. Federal or state securities laws. Furthermore, there is substantial doubt as to the enforceability in Canada against us or against any of our directors, officers and the expert named in this prospectus who are not residents of the United States, in original actions or in actions for enforcement of judgments of U.S. courts, of liabilities based solely upon the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws. In addition, shareholders in British Columbia companies may not have standing to initiate a shareholder derivative action in U.S. federal courts.
There have been no material changes in our affairs since the end of our last fiscal year on December 31, 2019 to the date of this prospectus, other than those changes that have been described in: our Annual Report on Form 20-F for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 that was filed with the SEC on March 25, 2020; our Quarterly Reports included as exhibits 99.1 to our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K for our fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 that were filed with the SEC on May 12, 2020, August 11, 2020 and November 10, 2020, respectively; our Reports of Foreign Private Issuer on Form 6-K that we furnished to the SEC on each of January 14, 2020, January 21, 2020, January 28, 2020, February 24, 2020, February 28, 2020, March 2, 2020, March 26, 2020, March 30, 2020, April 7, 2020, April 14, 2020, April 27, 2020, April 27, 2020, April 30, 2020, May 5, 2020, May 12, 2020, May 13, 2020, May 19, 2020, June 8, 2020, June 10, 2020, June 12, 2020, June 12, 2020, June 15, 2020, June 16, 2020, June 23, 2020, July 10, 2020, July 13, 2020, July 14, 2020, July 24, 2020, August 12, 2020, August 24, 2020, August 24, 2020, August 27, 2020, September 3, 2020, September 8, 2020, September 16, 2020, October 7, 2020, October 29, 2020, November 10, 2020 and November 12, 2020; and our registration statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on October 5, 2020.
McMillan LLP is acting as counsel to our company regarding Canadian and U.S. securities law matters. The current address of McMillan LLP is Royal Centre, 1055 W. Georgia Street, Suite 1500, PO Box 11117, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6E 4N7.
Our consolidated financial statements appearing in our Annual Report on Form 20-F as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 and for the years then ended have been audited by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, and upon the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting. The audit report covering the December 31, 2019 consolidated financial statements contains an explanatory paragraph that states that our principal activity, the development and manufacture of electric vehicles, is in the development stage and we have suffered recurring losses from operations which raises substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty. The audit report covering the December 31, 2019 financial statements refers to a change in the accounting policy for leases as of January 1, 2019 due to the adoption of IFRS 16 – Leases. KPMG LLP has offices at 777 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V7Y 1K3. Such consolidated financial statements are incorporated herein by reference.
Our financial statements appearing in our Annual Report on Form 20-F as of December 31, 2017 and for the year then ended have been audited by Dale Matheson Carr-Hilton LaBonte LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting. Dale Matheson Carr-Hilton LaBonte LLP has offices at 1500 – 1140 West Pender Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6E 4G1. Such consolidated financial statements are incorporated herein by reference.
INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS
|Item 8.||Indemnification of Directors and Officers|
The corporate laws of British Columbia allow us, and our Articles require us (subject to the provisions of the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia), as amended (the “B.C. Business Corporations Act” noted below), to indemnify our directors and former directors, and their respective heirs and personal or other legal representatives to the greatest extent permitted by Division 5 of Part 5 of the B.C. Business Corporations Act.
According to the B.C. Business Corporations Act, for the purposes of such an indemnification:
“eligible party”, in relation to the Company, means an individual who:
|(a)||is or was a director or officer of the Company; and|
|(b)||is or was a director or officer of another corporation:|
|(i)||at a time when the corporation is or was an affiliate of the Company; or|
|(ii)||at the request of the Company; or|
|(c)||at the request of the Company, is or was, or holds or held a position equivalent to that of, a director or officer of a partnership, trust, joint venture or other unincorporated entity, and include/es, except in the definition of “eligible proceeding” and certain other cases, the heirs and personal or other legal representatives of that individual;|
“eligible penalty” means a judgment, penalty or fine awarded or imposed in, or an amount paid in settlement of, an eligible proceeding;
“eligible proceeding” means a proceeding in which an eligible party or any of the heirs and personal or other legal representatives of the eligible party, by reason of the eligible party being or having been a director or officer of, or holding or having held a position equivalent to that of a director or officer of, the Company or an associated corporation:
|(a)||is or may be joined as a party; or|
|(b)||is or may be liable for or in respect of a judgment, penalty or fine in, or expenses related to, the proceeding;|
“expenses” includes costs, charges and expenses, including legal and other fees, but does not include judgments, penalties, fines or amounts paid in settlement of a proceeding; and
“proceeding” includes any legal proceeding or investigative action, whether current, threatened, pending or completed.
In addition, under the B.C. Business Corporations Act the Company may pay, as they are incurred in advance of the final disposition of an eligible proceeding, the expenses actually and reasonably incurred by an eligible party in respect of that proceeding, provided that the Company first receives from the eligible party a written undertaking that, if it is ultimately determined that the payment of expenses is prohibited by the restrictions noted below, the eligible party will repay the amounts advanced.
Notwithstanding the provisions of our Articles noted above, the Company must not indemnify an eligible party or pay the expenses of an eligible party, if any of the following circumstances apply:
|(a)||if the indemnity or payment is made under an earlier agreement to indemnify or pay expenses and, at the time that the agreement to indemnify or pay expenses was made, the company was prohibited from giving the indemnity or paying the expenses by its memorandum or articles;|
|(b)||if the indemnity or payment is made otherwise than under an earlier agreement to indemnify or pay expenses and, at the time that the indemnity or payment is made, the company is prohibited from giving the indemnity or paying the expenses by its memorandum or articles;|
|(c)||if, in relation to the subject matter of the eligible proceeding, the eligible party did not act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the company or the associated corporation, as the case may be; and|
|(d)||in the case of an eligible proceeding other than a civil proceeding, if the eligible party did not have reasonable grounds for believing that the eligible party’s conduct in respect of which the proceeding was brought was lawful.|
In addition, if an eligible proceeding is brought against an eligible party by or on behalf of the Company or by or on behalf of an associated corporation, the Company must not do either of the following:
|(a)||indemnify the eligible party in respect of the proceeding; or|
|(b)||pay the expenses of the eligible party in respect of the proceeding.|
Notwithstanding any of the foregoing, and whether or not payment of expenses or indemnification has been sought, authorized or declined under the B.C. Business Corporations Act or our Articles, on the application of the Company or an eligible party, the British Columbia Supreme Court may do one or more of the following:
|(a)||order the Company to indemnify an eligible party against any liability incurred by the eligible party in respect of an eligible proceeding;|
|(b)||order the Company to pay some or all of the expenses incurred by an eligible party in respect of an eligible proceeding;|
|(c)||order the enforcement of, or any payment under, an agreement of indemnification entered into by the Company;|
|(d)||order the Company to pay some or all of the expenses actually and reasonably incurred by any person in obtaining an order under this section;|
|(e)||make any other order the court considers appropriate.|
The following exhibits are attached hereto:
|1.1||Form of Underwriting Agreement(*)|
|3.1||Notice of Articles(1)|
|4.1||Share Certificate – Common Shares(1)|
|4.2||Form of Warrant(*)|
|4.3||Form of Unit(*)|
|5.1||Opinion of McMillan LLP(2)|
|23.1||Consent of KPMG LLP, Chartered Professional Accountants(2)|
|23.2||Consent of Dale Matheson Carr-Hilton LaBonte LLP, Chartered Professional Accountants(2)|
|24.1||Power of Attorney (included on signature pages to the registration statement)|
|(*)||To be filed, if necessary, after effectiveness of this registration statement by an amendment to the registration statement or incorporated by reference to a Current Report on Form 6-K filed in connection with an underwritten offering of the shares offered hereunder.|
|(1)||Filed as an exhibit to our registration statement on Form F-1 as filed with the SEC on October 12, 2016 and incorporated herein by reference.|
The undersigned Registrant hereby undertakes:
|(1)||To file, during any period in which offers or sales of securities are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement to:|
|(i)||Include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;|
|(ii)||Reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and|
|(iii)||Include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;|
provided, however, that the undertakings set forth in paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) above do not apply if the registration statement is on Form S-3 or Form F-3 and the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference in the registration statements or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is a part of the registration statement.
|(2)||That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.|
|(3)||To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.|
|(4)||To file a post-effective amendment to the registration statement to include any financial statements required by Item 8.A. of Form 20-F at the start of any delayed offering or throughout a continuous offering. Financial statements and information otherwise required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Act need not be furnished, provided that the Registrant includes in the prospectus, by means of a post-effective amendment, financial statements required pursuant to this paragraph (4) and other information necessary to ensure that all other information in the prospectus is at least as current as the date of those financial statements. Notwithstanding the foregoing, with respect to registration statements on Form F-3, a post-effective amendment need not be filed to include financial statements and information required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Act or Rule 3-19 of Regulation S-X if such financial statements and information are contained in periodic reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the Registrant pursuant to section 13 or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the Form F-3.|
|(5)||That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:|
|(i)||Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and|
|(ii)||Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.|
|(6)||That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser: (i) any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424; (ii) any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant; (iii) the portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and (iv) any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.|
|(7)||The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act that is incorporated by reference in this registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.|
|(8)||Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the provisions described herein, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the Registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form F-3 and has duly caused this Registration Statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized in the City of Vancouver, Province of British Columbia, Canada on this 20th day of November 2020.
|ELECTRAMECCANICA VEHICLES CORP.|
|By:||/s/ Baljnder K. Bhullar|
|Baljinder K. Bhullar |
Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer) and a director
KNOW ALL BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Baljinder K. Bhullar as his true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, in any and all capacities, to sign any or all amendments (including post-effective amendments) to this registration statement, and to file the same with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorney-in-fact and agent full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or their substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|/s/ Michael Paul Rivera
Michael Paul Rivera
|Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) and a director||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Baljinder K. Bhullar
Baljinder K. Bhullar
|Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer) and a director||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Henry Reisner
|President, Chief Operating Officer and a director||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Isaac Moss
|Chief Administrative Officer and Corporate Secretary||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Steven Sanders
|Director||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Jerry Kroll
|Director||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Luisa Ingargiola
|Director||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Joanne Yan
|Director||November 20, 2020|
|/s/ Peter Savagian
|Director||November 20, 2020|
SIGNATURE OF AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE IN THE UNITED STATES
Pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, the undersigned, the duly authorized representative in the United States of ElectraMeccanica Vehicles Corp., has signed this registration statement or amendment thereto in Studio City, California, U.S.A., on November 20, 2020.
|EMV AUTOMOTIVE USA INC.|
|By:||/s/ Michael Paul Rivera|
|Michael Paul Rivera|
President and a director