Exhibit 99.1

 

ELECTRAMECCANICA VEHICLES CORPORATION

 

REPORT ON FORM 6-K FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2019

 

INDEX

 

INTRODUCTION 2
   
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION 3
     
Item 1 Interim Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) 3
     
 Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 4
     
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 15
     
Item 4 Controls and Procedures 15
     
PART II OTHER INFORMATION 16
     
Item 1 Legal Proceedings 16
     
  Item 1A Risk Factors 16
     
Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 32
     
Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities 33
     
Item 4 Mine Safety Disclosures 33
     
Item 5 Other Information 33
     
Item 6 Exhibits 33

 

1

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Currency of Presentation and Certain Defined Terms

 

Unless the context otherwise requires, in this report the term(s) “we”, “us”, “our”, “Company”, “our company”, “Electrameccanica” and “our business” refer to Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

 

We completed a two-for-one reverse stock split on May 15, 2018. All share and per share information in this report, excluding the financial statements and the notes thereto, has been adjusted to reflect this reverse stock split.

 

All references to “$” or “dollars” are expressed in Canadian dollars unless otherwise indicated.

 

Our financial statements are prepared in Canadian dollars and presented in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, or IFRS as issued by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). In this report any discrepancies in any table between totals and the sums of the amounts listed are due to rounding.

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

This report contains statements that constitute “forward-looking statements”. Any statements that are not statements of historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. These statements appear in a number of different places in this report and, in some cases, can be identified by words such as “anticipates”, “estimates”, “projects”, “expects”, “contemplates”, “intends”, “believes”, “plans”, “may”, “will”, or their negatives or other comparable words, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.

 

Forward-looking statements are based on the reasonable assumptions, estimates, analysis and opinions made in light of our experience and our perception of trends, current conditions and expected developments, as well as other factors that we believe to be relevant and reasonable in the circumstances at the date that such statements are made, but which may prove to be incorrect. Management believes that the assumption and expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable.

 

Although management has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause results not to be as anticipated, estimated or intended. The forward-looking statements might not prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. Accordingly, readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. We wish to advise you that these cautionary remarks expressly qualify, in their entirety, all forward-looking statements attributable to our Company or persons acting on our behalf. We do not undertake to update any forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting such statements, except as, and to the extent required by, applicable securities laws. You should carefully review the cautionary statements and risk factors contained in this report and other documents that we may file from time to time with the securities regulators.

 

Implications of Being a Foreign Private Issuer

 

We are considered a foreign private issuer. In our capacity as a foreign private issuer, we are exempt from certain rules under the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “Exchange Act”), that impose certain disclosure obligations and procedural requirements for proxy solicitations under Section 14 of the Exchange Act. We are not required to file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as U.S. companies whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act. In addition, we are not required to comply with Regulation FD, which restricts the selective disclosure of material information.

 

2

 

 

We may take advantage of these exemptions until such time as we are no longer a foreign private issuer. We would cease to be a foreign private issuer at such time as more than 50% of our outstanding voting securities are held by U.S. residents and any of the following three circumstances applies: (1) the majority of our executive officers or directors are U.S. citizens or residents; (2) more than 50% of our assets are located in the United States; or (3) our business is administered principally in the United States.

 

We have taken advantage of certain reduced reporting and other requirements in this report that are available to foreign private issuers and not to U.S. companies. Accordingly, the information contained herein may be different than the information you receive in a quarterly report on Form 10-Q from public companies required to report as U.S companies in which you hold equity securities.

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

The selected historical consolidated financial information set forth below has been derived from our financial statements for the six months ended June 30, 2019, fiscal years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 and the period ended December 31, 2015.

  

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Loss

 

   Six Months Ended
June 30,
2019
   Year ended
December 31,
2018
   Year ended
December 31,
2017
   Year ended
December 31,
2016
   Period ended
December 31,
2015
 
Revenues  $261,266   $777,302   $109,173    -    - 
Gross Profit  $(1,538)  $202,130   $45,223    -    - 
Comprehensive Loss  $17,323,916   $10,048,150   $11,366,372   $8,973,347   $995,833 
Loss per Share – Basic and Diluted  $(0.50)  $(0.38)  $(0.26)  $(0.27)  $(0.04)

 

Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

 

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
   December 31,
2017
   December 31,
2016
   December 31,
2015
 
Cash  $21,388,624   $18,926,933   $8,610,996   $3,916,283   $106,357 
Current Assets  $31,253,291   $22,807,135   $10,007,684   $4,437,152   $197,309 
Total Assets  $40,731,351   $29,480,731   $12,661,381   $4,787,766   $213,118 
Current Liabilities  $1,859,325   $1,821,668   $3,354,675   $881,176   $346,416 
Total Liabilities  $12,673,651   $6,574,543   $7,010,365   $881,176   $346,416 
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficiency)  $28,057,700   $22,906,188   $5,651,016   $3,906,590   ($133,298)

 

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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation

 

General

 

The following management's discussion and analysis, prepared for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, is a review of our operations, current financial position and outlook and should be read in conjunction with our annual audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018 and the notes thereto. Amounts are reported in Canadian dollars based upon financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB).

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with these accounting principles requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the financial statement date and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis we review our estimates and assumptions. The estimates were based on historical experience and other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results are likely to differ from those estimates or other forward-looking statements under different assumptions or conditions, but we do not believe such differences will materially affect our financial position or results of operations. Our actual results may differ materially.

 

This report contains forward-looking statements about our business, financial condition and prospects that reflect management’s assumptions and beliefs based on information currently available. The expectations indicated by such forward-looking statements might not be realized.  If any of our management’s assumptions should prove incorrect, or if any of the risks and uncertainties underlying such expectations should materialize, our actual results may differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements.

 

The key factors that are not within our control and that may have a direct bearing on operating results include, but are not limited to, the ability of our partners to produce our electric vehicles, tariffs and other trade matters, the acceptance of our electric vehicles, our ability to create and expand our customer base, managements’ ability to raise capital in the future, the retention of key employees and changes in the regulation of our industry.

 

There may be other risks and circumstances that management may be unable to predict.  When used in this report, words such as “believes", "expects", "intends", "plans", "anticipates", "estimates" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although there may be certain forward-looking statements not accompanied by such expressions.

 

Overview

 

We were incorporated on February 16, 2015, under the laws of the Province of British Columbia, Canada, and our principal activity is the development and manufacturing of electric vehicles (“EV”s).

 

Our head office is located at, and our principal address is, 102 East 1st Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5T 1A4.

 

Additional information related us is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and www.electrameccanica.com. We do not incorporate the contents of our website or of sedar.com into this report.

 

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Going Concern

 

Our principal activity is the development and manufacture of electric vehicles, and we are still in the development stage. We also manufacture high-end custom-built vehicles.

 

Our financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which assumes that we will be able to realize our assets and discharge our liabilities in the normal course of business for the foreseeable future. As at June 30, 2019, we had not commenced commercial production of the SOLO electric vehicle and are not able to finance day-to-day activities through operations. Our continuation as a going concern depends upon the successful results from our electric vehicles manufacturing activities, and our ability to attain profitable operations and generate funds therefrom and/or raise equity capital or borrowings sufficient to meet current and future obligations.

 

We are yet to begin mass production or the commercial delivery of our first electric vehicle. As at June 30, 2019, there have been no revenues from the sale of electric vehicles as any amounts received from the sale of pre-mass production electric vehicles were netted off against research and development costs as cost recovery. We had had minimal revenue from the sale of custom cars. In the past we have relied on sales of our equity securities to meet our cash requirements, and we will continue to do so until we generate sufficient revenues from the sale of our mass-produced electric vehicles. Funding from this or other sources might not be sufficient in the future to continue our operations. Even if we are able to obtain new financing, it may not be on commercially reasonable terms or terms that are acceptable to it. Failure to obtain such financing on a timely basis could cause us to reduce or terminate our operations. The above indicates the existence of a material uncertainty that may cast significant doubt on our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

We incurred a net loss and comprehensive loss of $17,348,503 and $17,323,916 respectively during the six months ended June 30, 2019 and a net loss and comprehensive loss of $10,038,145 and $10,048,150, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 2018. We had a cash balance and a working capital surplus of $21,388,624 and $29,393,966, respectively, as at June 30, 2019, and of $18,926,933 and $20,985,467, respectively at December 31, 2018. Our ability to meet our obligations as they fall due and to continue to operate as a going concern depends on the continued financial support of the creditors and the shareholders.

 

Events and conditions that may affect the going concern assumption

 

Financing

 

Our ability to continue as a going concern depends on our continued ability to raise capital on acceptable terms. We incurred net losses of $17,348,503 in the six months ended June 30, 2019 and $10,038,145 in the year ended December 31, 2018 and anticipate incurring losses in the remainder of our 2019 fiscal year. We had negative operating cash flows of $14,878,935 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and $15,583,590 for the year ended December 31, 2018 and anticipate negative operating cash flows during the remainder of our current fiscal year. Although we had net current assets of $29,393,966, including cash and cash equivalents of $21,388,624, at June 30, 2019, and anticipate deriving revenue this fiscal year from the sale of electric cars and high-end custom cars, we believe that we will need additional financing to continue as a going concern. If we are unable to continue to access private and public capital on terms that are acceptable, we may be forced to curtail or cease operations.

 

Market conditions, trends or events

 

Our ability to continue as a going concern also depends on market conditions outside of our control. Significant developments in alternative technologies, such as advanced diesel, ethanol, fuel cells or compressed natural gas, or improvements in the fuel economy of the internal combustion engine, may materially and adversely affect our business and prospects. Failure to keep up with advances in electric vehicle technology would result in a decline in our competitive position which may materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition.

 

5

 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The preparation of our financial statements requires management to use estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as well as revenue and expenses.

 

Research costs are expensed when incurred and are stated net of government grants. Development costs, including direct material, direct labor and contract service costs, are capitalized as intangible assets when: we can demonstrate that the technical feasibility of the project has been established; we intend to complete the asset for use or sale and has the ability to do so; the asset can generate probable future economic benefits; the technical and financial resources are available to complete the development; and we can reliably measure the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during its development.

 

We account for all stock-based payments and awards using the fair value-based method. Under the fair value-based method, stock-based payments to non-employees are measured at the fair value of the consideration received, or the fair value of the equity estimates issued, or liabilities incurred, whichever is more reliably measurable.

 

From time to time, we must make accounting estimates. These are based on the best information available at the time, utilizing generally accepted industry standards.

 

Other than as set out in Note 2 to our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, we believe there have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies as described in our annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Selected Financial Information

 

    Three months
ended

June 30, 2019

$
    Six months
ended

June 30, 2019
$
    Year Ended
December 31,
2018

$
    Year Ended
December 31,
2017

$
 
Revenue     159,862       261,266       777,302       109,173  
Gross Profit     (6,790 )     (1,538 )     202,130       45,223  
                                 
Operations:                                
Amortization     261,298       529,980       278,621       124,134  
General & Administration Exp.     1,591,663       3,504,338       5,490,938       2,373,251  
Research & Development Exp.     1,915,505       3,559,060       5,566,036       4,430,386  
Sales & Marketing Exp.     440,538       812,538       1,386,901       631,381  
Stock-based compensation Exp.     551,035       2,551,027       3,228,508       889,511  
Share-based payment Exp.     171,101       245,942       1,109,531       1,085,716  
Subtotal     4,931,140       11,202,885       17,060,535       9,534,379  
Accretion Interest Exp.     Nil       Nil       Nil       69,562  
Issuance cost of derivative liability     Nil       Nil       1,493,554       Nil  
Changes in fair value of derivative liability     (8,546,219 )     5,520,391       (7,707,051 )     186,269  
Finders fee on convertible loan     Nil       Nil       Nil       258,542  
Impairment of Goodwill     Nil       Nil       Nil       1,342,794  
Foreign exchange loss     319,359       666,569       (605,096 )     20,049  
Income (Loss) for the Period     3,281,362       (17,348,503 )     (10,038,145 )     (11,366,372 )
Basic & Diluted Earnings (Loss) per Share   $0.09     ($0.50 )     (0.38 )     (0.52 )
                                 
Balance Sheet                                
Working Capital     29,393,966       29,393,966       20,985,467       6,653,009  
Total Assets     40,731,351       40,731,351       29,480,731       12,661,381  
Total Long-Term Liabilities     10,814,326       10,814,326       4,752,875       3,655,690  

 

6

 

 

Summary of Quarterly Results

 

The following table sets forth selected certain of our financial information for each of our last eight quarters:

 

Quarter Ending   Note   Expenses
$
    Net Income
(Loss)
$
    Basic and diluted
earnings (loss)
per share
$
 
June 30, 2019   1,2     (4,931,140 )     3,281,362       0.09  
March 31, 2019         (6,271,745 )     (20,629,865 )     (0.62 )
December 31, 2018   3     (4,785,088 )     (2,127,636 )     (0.07 )
September 30, 2018         (3,975,247 )     (2,890,320 )     (0.11 )
June 30, 2018         (4,643,913 )     (2,616,215 )     (0.11 )
March 31, 2018   4     (3,656,287 )     (2,403,974 )     (0.10 )
December 31, 2017   4     (3,655,385 )     (4,617,104 )     (0.20 )
September 30, 2017   4     (2,163,168 )     (2,984,732 )     (0.14 )
June 30, 2017   4     (1,552,456 )     (1,574,967 )     (0.07 )
March 31, 2017   4     (2,163,370 )     (2,189,569 )     (0.10 )

 

Note 1– We incurred a share-based payment charge of $551,035.

 

Note 2 – We incurred a gain related to change in value of warrants of $8,546,219.

 

Note 3 – We incurred a derivative liability issuance cost of $1,493,554.

 

Note 4 – Basic and diluted net earnings (loss) per share reflects a one for two share consolidation, which has been retroactively applied to the most recent quarters.

 

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Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2019

 

We had revenues of $159,862 and $279,366 for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, all of which was derived from sales of custom cars by our subsidiary, Intermeccanica International Inc. (“IMI”). The cost of revenue was $166,652 (2018: $192,651) providing a gross loss of $(6,790) (2018: a gross profit of $86,715) or (4.2%) (2018: 31.0%). Revenue recognition for IMI is based on a percentage completion method and, currently, IMI has six Roadsters/Speedsters in various stages of production. The following table indicates the number of vehicles produced for either delivery to customers, testing or marketing purposes.

 

Vehicle Type   Production  
Three Months Ended
    Customer Deliveries
Three Months Ended
 
    June 30,
2019
    June 30,
2018
    June 30,
2019
    June 30,
2018
 
Roadster/Speedster     5       8       Nil       1  
SOLO     5       6       5       6  

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2019, we earned comprehensive income of $3,303,266 compared to a $2,616,215 comprehensive loss for the corresponding period in 2018. The largest expense items that resulted in comprehensive income for the three months ended June 30, 2019 were:

 

-General and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019 were $1,591,663 compared to $934,256 for the three months ended June 30, 2018. The following items are included in office and general expenses:

 

·Rent decreased to $73,609, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, from $85,919 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The decrease was caused by some rent expense being reclassified as interest and depreciation expense under IFRS 16, offset by the increase of rent expense related to the opening of the Los Angeles dealership and new space for engineers.

 

·Office expenses increased to $417,795, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, from $139,362 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The increase was caused by insurance costs for both directors and officer liability and insurance for our pre-production cars, and the opening of the Los Angeles dealership, as well as travel expenses to China and Europe.

 

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·Legal & Professional were $316,179, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, from $244,194 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The increase in legal and professional expenses relate to the increases in accounting fees and recruiting fees, and legal fees related to patents and US securities.

 

·Consulting fees were $402,027, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $230,831 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The increase in fees related to the use of additional consultants for investor relations, executive advisory services and directors’ fees.

 

·Investor relations expenses, not including consultant fees above, decreased to $62,171, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, from $72,325 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The decrease is related to filing fees, offset by the increase related to investor conference expenses.

 

·Salaries and employee related expenses increased to $319,882, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $161,625 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The increase is related to performance incentive increases to certain salaried employees and the addition of new employees.

 

-Research and development expenses increased to $1,915,505, for the three months ended June 30, 2019 from $1,718,599 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. We continue to develop our first electric vehicle, the SOLO. All costs related to pre-production vehicles are being expensed to research and development.

 

-Sales and marketing expenses increased to $440,538, for the three months ended June 30, 2019, from $196,614 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The increase is caused by the addition of new employees, the use of additional marketing consultants and the increase in social media costs, offset by the decrease in tradeshow expenses.

 

-Stock-based compensation charges for the three months ended June 30, 2019 were $551,035 (2018: $1,094,181). We issued 700,000 stock options to an employee at an exercise price of US$2.62 per share during the three months ended June 30, 2019. In addition, the stock-based compensation charges relate to stock options issued during previous quarters where charges are recognised over the stock option vesting period. We use the Black-Scholes method of calculating the stock-based compensation expense under the graded vesting method.

 

-Share-based payment charges for the three months ended June 30, 2019 were $171,101 (2018: $622,877). The share-based payment charges relate to shares issued in exchange for services performed and is valued at the market price of our share price at the time of issuance.

 

The operating loss for the three months ended June 30, 2019 increased to $4,937,930 (2018: $4,557,198). The increase in operating loss was caused by the aforementioned expenses for the quarter.

 

We incurred a gain related to changes in the fair values of derivative liabilities of $8,546,219 (2018: $1,860,027) mainly caused by the decrease of our share price from USD $3.56 at March 31, 2019 to USD $2.50 at June 30, 2019. Warrants priced in US dollars are classified as derivative liabilities because our functional currency is in Canadian dollars. As a result of this difference in currencies, the proceeds that will be received by us if the warrants are exercised are not fixed and will vary based on foreign exchange rates, hence the warrants are accounted for as a derivative under IFRS and are required to be recognized and measured at fair value at each reporting period. Any changes in fair value from period to period are recorded as non-cash gain or loss in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

 

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We also had a foreign exchange loss of $319,359 on net working capital (2018: gain of $80,956), related to the fluctuations in the US dollar as compared to the Canadian dollar.

 

Net income and comprehensive income for the three months ended June 30, 2019 was $3,281,362 and $3,303,266, respectively (2018: net and comprehensive loss of $2,616,215).

 

Results of Operations for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

 

We had revenues of $261,266 and $445,499 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, all of which was derived from sales of custom cars by our subsidiary, Intermeccanica International Inc. (“IMI”). The cost of revenue was $262,804 (2018: $295,319) providing a gross loss of $(1,538) (2018: a gross profit of $150,180) or (0.01)% (2018: 33.7%). Revenue recognition for IMI is based on a percentage completion method and, currently, IMI has six Roadsters/Speedsters in various stages of production. The following table indicates the number of vehicles produced for either delivery to customers, testing or marketing purposes.

 

Vehicle Type  Production  
Six Months Ended
   Customer Deliveries
  Six Months Ended
 
   Jun. 30,
2019
   Jun. 30,
2018
   Jun. 30,
2019
   Jun. 30,
2018
 
Roadster/Speedster   9    8    4    1 
SOLO   8    13    8    12 

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we incurred a comprehensive loss of $17,323,916 compared to a $5,020,189 comprehensive loss for the corresponding period in 2018. The largest expense items that resulted in an increase in comprehensive loss for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were:

 

-General and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were $3,504,338 compared to $1,909,473 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. The following items are included in office and general expenses:

 

·Rent increased to $195,484 for the six months ended June 30, 2019, from $173,041 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The increase was caused by the opening of the Los Angeles dealership and new space for engineers, offset by the reclassification of some rent expenses to interest and depreciation under IFRS 16.

 

·Office expenses increased to $774,339, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, from $376,312 for the corresponding quarter ended June 30, 2018. The increase was caused by insurance costs for both directors and officer liability and insurance for our pre-production cars, and the opening of the Los Angeles dealership, as well as travel expenses to China and Europe.

 

·Legal & Professional were $821,702, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, from $509,163 for the corresponding period ended June 30, 2018. The increase in legal and professional expenses relate to the increases in accounting fees and recruiting fees, and legal fees relate to patents and US securities.

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·Consulting fees were $838,603, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $374,096 for the corresponding period ended June 30, 2018. The increase in fees related to the use of additional consultants for investor relations, executive advisory services and directors’ fees.

 

·Investor relations expenses, not including consultant fees above, increased to $208,702, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, from $162,383 for the corresponding period ended June 30, 2018. The increase relates to filing fees, offset by the decrease related to investor conference expenses.

 

·Salaries and employee related expenses increased to $665,508, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $314,478 for the corresponding period ended June 30, 2018. The increase is related to performance incentive increases to certain salaried employees and the addition of new employees.

 

-Research and development expenses increased to $3,559,060, for the six months ended June 30, 2019 from $3,278,776 for the corresponding period ended June 30, 2018. We continue to develop our first electric vehicle, the SOLO. All costs related to pre-production vehicles are being expensed to research and development.

 

-Sales and marketing expenses increased to $812,538, for the six months ended June 30, 2019, from $476,244 for the corresponding period ended June 30, 2018. The increase is caused by the addition of new employees, the use of additional marketing consultants and the increase in social media costs, offset by the decrease in tradeshow expenses.

 

-Stock-based compensation charges for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were $2,551,027 (2018: $1,884,415). We issued 1,928,182 stock options to directors and employees at exercise prices of US$2.62 and US$3.40 per share during the six months ended June 30, 2019. In addition, the stock-based compensation charges relate to stock options issued during previous quarters where charges are recognised over the stock option vesting period. We use the Black-Scholes method of calculating the stock-based compensation expense under the graded vesting method.

 

-Share-based payment charges for the six months ended June 30, 2019 were $245,942 (2018: $622,877). The share-based payment charges relate to shares issued in exchange for services performed and is valued at the market price of our share price at the time of issuance.

 

The operating loss for the six months ended June 30, 2019 increased to $11,204,423 (2018: $8,150,020). The increase in operating loss was caused by the aforementioned expenses for the quarter.

 

We incurred a loss related to changes in the fair values of derivative liabilities of $5,520,391 (2018: gain of $3,026,054), mainly caused by the increase of our share price from USD $1.07 at December 31, 2019 to USD $2.50 at June 30, 2019. Warrants priced in US dollars are classified as derivative liabilities because our functional currency is in Canadian dollars. As a result of this difference in currencies, the proceeds that will be received by us if the warrants are exercised are not fixed and will vary based on foreign exchange rates, hence the warrants are accounted for as a derivative under IFRS and are required to be recognized and measured at fair value at each reporting period. Any changes in fair value from period to period are recorded as non-cash gain or loss in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

 

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We also had a foreign exchange loss of $666,569 on net working capital (2018: gain of $103,777), related to the fluctuations in the US dollar as compared to the Canadian dollar.

 

Net loss and comprehensive loss for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $17,348,503 and $17,323,916 respectively (2018: net and comprehensive loss of $5,020,189).

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our operations consist of the designing, developing and manufacturing of electric vehicles. Our financial success depends upon our ability to market and sell our electric vehicles and to raise sufficient working capital to enable us to execute our business plan. Our historical capital needs have been met by the sale of our stock. Equity funding might not be possible when we require it. If no funds can be raised and sales of our electric vehicles do not produce sufficient net cash flow, then we may require a significant curtailing of operations to ensure our survival or may be required to cease operations.

 

Our financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which assumes that we will be able to realize our assets and discharge our liabilities in the normal course of business for the foreseeable future. We incurred a net loss of $17,348,503 during the six months June 30, 2019, and has a cash balance and a working capital surplus of $21,388,624 and $29,393,966, respectively, as at June 30, 2019. Our ability to meet our obligations as they fall due and to continue to operate as a going concern depends on the continued financial support of the creditors and the shareholders. In the past, we relied on sales of our equity securities to meet our cash requirements. Funding from this or other sources might not be sufficient in the future to continue our operations. Even if we are able to obtain new financing, it may not be on commercially reasonable terms or terms that are acceptable to us. Failure to obtain such financing on a timely basis could cause us to reduce or terminate our operations. The above indicates the existence of a material uncertainty that may cast significant doubt on our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

As of June 30, 2019, we had 36,959,810 issued and outstanding shares and 64,466,301 shares on a fully-diluted basis. Our common shares and certain of our warrants began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on August 9, 2018.

 

We had $29,393,966 of working capital surplus as at June 30, 2019, compared to $20,985,467 working capital surplus as at December 31, 2018. The increase in working capital resulted from financing activities generating cash of $18,575,181 (2018: $3,859,954), due to the issuance of 4,627,467 common shares for net cash proceeds of $18,945,090 (2018: $5,485,668), offset by the cash used in operations of $14,878,935 (2018: $5,272,766) and cash used in investing activities of $1,259,142 (2018: $2,962,869) related to the additions to property, plant and equipment.

 

Capital Resources

 

As at June 30, 2019, we had cash and cash equivalents of $21,388,624 (2018: $18,926,933). We continue to pursue additional equity financing, although we might not ever be successful in such endeavors.

 

As of the date of this report, we have no outstanding commitments, other than rent and lease commitments of $2,093,247 payable over the next five years and $5.0 million payable to our manufacturing partner for the production of the SOLO (see interim Financial statement notes 5 and 8 for the six months ended June 30, 2019). On October 16, 2017, Jerry Kroll, our Chief Executive Officer, entered into a Share Pledge Agreement with a wholly-owned subsidiary (“Zongshen”) of Zongshen Industrial Group Co. Ltd., an affiliate of Zongshen Power Machinery Co., Ltd., to guarantee our payment for the cost of the prototype tooling and molds estimated to be $1.8 million through the pledge of 400,000 of our common shares at a deemed price of US$4.00 per share. Apart from our agreement to reimburse Mr. Kroll for liabilities under his Share Pledge Agreement, we have not pledged any of our assets as security for loans, or otherwise, and are not subject to any debt covenants.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Transactions with Related Parties

 

In addition to the amounts or arrangements disclosed herein, the following transactions with related parties have occurred.

 

Related party balances

 

The following amounts are due to related parties

 

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Shareholder loan  $4,153   $6,230 
Due to related parties   123,199    83,331 
   $127,352   $89,561 

 

These amounts are unsecured, non-interest bearing and have no fixed terms of repayment.

 

Key management personnel compensation

 

    3 months ended     6 months ended  
    June 30,
2019
    June 30,  
2018
    June 30
2019  
    June 30  
2018  
 
Directors Fees   $ 77,928     $ 45,601     $ 160,478     $ 45,601  
Consulting fees     118,398       72,000       236,796       132,000  
Salaries     154,667       88,000       298,667       176,000  
Stock-based compensation     308,626       510,566       1,956,146       632,128  
    $ 659,619     $ 716,167     $ 2,652,087     $ 985,729  

 

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Financings

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we issued the following shares:

 

Issuance of Shares  Number of
Shares Issued
   Cash Proceeds 
Private Placements and public offerings   3,333,334   $16,085,772 
Shares issued on exercise of warrants   1,116,323   $4,195,286 
Shares issued on exercise of stock options   43,760   $35,008 
Shares issued for services   134,050    Nil 
Share issued costs   Nil   ($1,370,976)

 

Incentive Stock Options

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we granted 1,928,182 additional stock options with exercise prices of USD$2.62 and USD$3.40 per share, that will expire in seven years. The following table represents the number of stock options that are outstanding as at June 30, 2019.

 

Date of Grant  Number of Options   Price Per
Option
   Expiry Date
June 11, 2015   2,045,455   $0.30   June 11, 2022
August 13, 2015   308,522   $0.30   August 13, 2022
December 9, 2015   633,513   $0.80   December 9, 2022
March 7, 2016   12,500   $0.80   March 7, 2023
June 21, 2016   12,500   $2.00   June 21, 2023
February 17, 2017   352,500   $2.00   February 17, 2024
August 8, 2017   50,000   $2.00   August 8, 2023
January 5, 2018   205,000   US$9.60   January 4, 2025
August 8, 2018   175,000   US$6.18   August 8, 2025
November 19, 2018   120,000   US$1.53   November 19, 2025
November 30, 2018   409,924   US$5.00   November 30, 2023
March 19, 2019   1,228,182   US$3.40    March 19, 2026
June 25, 2019   700,000   US$2.62   June 25, 2022

  

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

 

We qualify as a Smaller Reporting Company and are not required to provide this information.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act to mean controls and other procedures of an issuer that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the issuer in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and includes, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to the issuer’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

As required by Rule 13a-15 or 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, we have carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report, being June 30, 2019. This evaluation was carried out by our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2019.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as at December 31, 2018. In making this assessment, our management used the criteria, established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based upon this assessment, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as at December 31, 2018 because of the material weakness described below.

 

As a result of the year-end assessment process, we identified that we did not maintain effective processes and controls over the accounting for and reporting of complex and non-routine transactions. Specifically, we determined that there was a lack of sufficient accounting and finance personnel to perform in-depth analysis and review of complex accounting matters within the timeframes set by us for filing our consolidated financial statements. Because of this deficiency, which is pervasive in nature, there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. In 2018, this deficiency resulted in certain adjustments to share based payments, share issue costs, and financial instruments. We note that the adjustments were ultimately recorded in the December 31, 2018 financial statements and no misstatement of prior period published financial statements resulted from the material weakness identified.

 

A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

 

Management has designed and implemented revised controls and procedures which management believes address the material weakness. These controls and procedures include adding additional financial resources, establishing a more comprehensive schedule for management review, and establishing additional review procedures over the accounting for complex and non-routine transactions. However, the controls have been operating for a limited period and the requisite testing sample size to ensure the operating effectiveness of the revised controls and procedures is not yet available. The identified material weakness will not be considered remediated until the applicable remedial controls operate for a sufficient period of time and management has concluded, through testing, that these controls are operating effectively. We expect that remediation of this material weakness will be completed prior to the end of fiscal year 2019.

 

Except as noted above, there has been no change in the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of August 8, 2019, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

We are not a party to any material legal proceedings.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

An investment in our common shares carries a significant degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following risks, as well as the other information contained in this report, including our financial statements and related notes, before you make an investment decision concerning our shares. Any one of these risks and uncertainties has the potential to cause material adverse effects on our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results which could cause actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements expressed by us and a significant decrease in the value of our common shares. Refer to “Forward-Looking Statements”.

 

We have not been successful in preventing the material adverse effects that any of the following risks and uncertainties may cause. These potential risks and uncertainties may not be a complete list of the risks and uncertainties facing us. There may be additional risks and uncertainties that we are presently unaware of, or presently consider immaterial, that may become material in the future and have a material adverse effect on us. You could lose all or a significant portion of your investment due to any of these risks and uncertainties.

 

We have a limited operating history and have generated minimal revenues.

 

Our limited operating history makes evaluating our business and future prospects difficult. We were formed in February 2015, and we have not yet begun mass production or the commercial delivery of our first vehicle. To date, we have no revenues from the sale of electric vehicles as any amounts received from the sale of our pre-mass production electric vehicles were netted off against research and development costs as cost recovery and minimal revenue from the sale of custom cars. We intend to derive revenues from the sales of our SOLO vehicle, our Super SOLO vehicle, our Tofino vehicle and other intended electric vehicles. The Tofino is in development and our SOLO will be delivered to our customers in 2019. We do expect to build the prototype of the Tofino in 2020. Our vehicles require significant investment prior to commercial introduction and may never be successfully developed or commercially successful.

 

We expect that we will experience an increase in losses prior to the launch of the SOLO, the Super SOLO or the Tofino.

 

Although we generated net income of $3,281,362 for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, bringing our accumulated deficit to $48,722,200, without a gain related to changes in the fair values of derivative liabilities of $8,546,219, we would have had a significant net loss. Our operating loss for the three months ended June 30, 2019 increased to $4,937,930 as compared to $4,557,198 for the corresponding quarter in 2018. We anticipate generating a significant loss for the current fiscal year. The report of the independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018 includes an explanatory paragraph relating to our ability to continue as a going concern.

 

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We have minimal revenues, are currently in debt and expect significant increases in costs and expenses to forestall profits for the foreseeable future, even if we generate significant revenues in the near term. Even if we are able to successfully develop the SOLO, the Tofino or other intended EVs, they might not become commercially successful. If we are to ever achieve profitability, we must have a successful commercial introduction and acceptance of our vehicles, which may not occur.

 

We expect the rate at which we will incur losses to increase significantly in future periods from current levels as we:

 

design, develop and manufacture our vehicles and their components;

 

develop and equip our manufacturing facility;

 

build up inventories of parts and components for the SOLO, the Super SOLO and the Tofino;

 

open Electrameccanica stores;

 

expand our design, development, maintenance and repair capabilities;

 

develop and increase our sales and marketing activities; and

 

develop and increase our general and administrative functions to support our growing operations.

 

Because we will incur the costs and expenses from these efforts before we receive any revenues with respect thereto, our losses in future periods will be significantly greater than the losses we would incur if we developed the business more slowly. In addition, we may find that these efforts are more expensive than we currently anticipate or that these efforts may not result in profits or even revenues, which would further increase our losses.

 

We currently have negative operating cash flows, and if we are unable to generate positive operating cash flows in the future our viability as an operating business will be adversely affected.

 

We have made significant up-front investments in research and development, sales and marketing, and general and administrative expenses to rapidly develop and expand our business. We are currently incurring expenditures related to our operations that have generated a negative operating cash flow. Operating cash flow may decline in certain circumstances, many of which are beyond our control. We might not generate sufficient revenues in the near future. Because we continue to incur such significant future expenditures for research and development, sales and marketing and general and administrative expenses, we may continue to experience negative cash flow until we reach a sufficient level of sales with positive gross margins to cover operating expenses. An inability to generate positive cash flow until we reach a sufficient level of sales with positive gross margins to cover operating expenses or raise additional capital on reasonable terms will adversely affect our viability as an operating business.

 

17

 

To carry out our proposed business plan to develop, manufacture, sell and service electric vehicles, we will require a significant amount of capital.

 

To carry out our proposed business plan for the next 12 months, we estimate that we will need approximately $12 million in addition to cash on hand at June 30, 2019. If cash on hand, revenue from the sale of our cars, if any, and cash received upon the exercise of outstanding warrants, if any are exercised, are not sufficient to cover our cash requirements, we will need to raise additional funds through the sale of our equity securities, in either private placements or registered offerings, and shareholder loans. If we are unsuccessful in raising enough funds through such capital-raising efforts, we may review other financing possibilities such as bank loans. Financing might not be available to us or, if available, only on terms that are not acceptable to us.

 

Our ability to obtain the necessary financing to carry out our business plan is subject to a number of factors, including general market conditions and investor acceptance of our business plan. These factors may make the timing, amount, terms and conditions of such financing unattractive or unavailable to us. If we are unable to raise sufficient funds, we will have to significantly reduce our spending, delay or cancel our planned activities or substantially change our current corporate structure. We might not be able to obtain any funding, and we might not have sufficient resources to conduct our business as projected, both of which could mean that we would be forced to curtail or discontinue our operations.

 

Terms of future financings may adversely impact your investment.

 

We may have to engage in common equity, debt or preferred stock financing in the future. Your rights and the value of your investment in our securities could be reduced. Interest on debt securities could increase costs and negatively impacts operating results. Preferred stock could be issued in series from time to time with such designation, rights, preferences, and limitations as needed to raise capital. The terms of preferred stock could be more advantageous to those investors than to the holders of common shares. In addition, if we need to raise equity capital from the sale of common shares, institutional or other investors may negotiate terms at least as, and possibly more, favorable than the terms of your investment. Common shares which we sell could be sold into any market which develops, which could adversely affect the market price.

 

Our future growth depends upon consumers’ willingness to adopt three-wheeled single passenger electric vehicles.

 

Our growth highly depends upon the adoption by consumers of, and we are subject to an elevated risk of any reduced demand for, alternative fuel vehicles in general and electric vehicles in particular. If the market for three-wheeled single passenger electric vehicles does not develop as we expect, or develops more slowly than we expect, our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results will be negatively impacted. The market for alternative fuel vehicles is relatively new, rapidly evolving, characterized by rapidly changing technologies, price competition, additional competitors, evolving government regulation and industry standards, frequent new vehicle announcements and changing consumer demands and behaviors. Factors that may influence the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles, and specifically electric vehicles, include:

 

perceptions about electric vehicle quality, safety (in particular with respect to lithium-ion battery packs), design, performance and cost, especially if adverse events or accidents occur that are linked to the quality or safety of electric vehicles;

 

perceptions about vehicle safety in general and, in particular, safety issues that may be attributed to the use of advanced technology, including vehicle electronics and braking systems;

 

the limited range over which electric vehicles may be driven on a single battery charge;

 

the decline of an electric vehicle’s range resulting from deterioration over time in the battery’s ability to hold a charge;

 

18

 

  

concerns about electric grid capacity and reliability, which could derail our efforts to promote electric vehicles as a practical solution to vehicles which require gasoline;

 

the availability of alternative fuel vehicles, including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles;

 

improvements in the fuel economy of the internal combustion engine;

 

the availability of service for electric vehicles;

 

the environmental consciousness of consumers;

 

volatility in the cost of oil and gasoline;

 

government regulations and economic incentives promoting fuel efficiency and alternate forms of energy;

 

access to charging stations, standardization of electric vehicle charging systems and consumers’ perceptions about convenience and cost to charge an electric vehicle;

 

the availability of tax and other governmental incentives to purchase and operate electric vehicles or future regulation requiring increased use of nonpolluting vehicles; and

 

perceptions about and the actual cost of alternative fuel.

 

The influence of any of the factors described above may cause current or potential customers not to purchase our electric vehicles, which would materially adversely affect our business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.

 

The range of our electric vehicles on a single charge declines over time which may negatively influence potential customers’ decisions whether to purchase our vehicles.

 

The range of our electric vehicles on a single charge declines principally as a function of usage, time and charging patterns. For example, a customer’s use of their vehicle as well as the frequency with which they charge the battery of their vehicle can result in additional deterioration of the battery’s ability to hold a charge. We currently expect that our battery pack will retain approximately 85% of its ability to hold its initial charge after approximately 3,000 charge cycles and 8 years, which will result in a decrease to the vehicle’s initial range. Such battery deterioration and the related decrease in range may negatively influence potential customer decisions whether to purchase our vehicles, which may harm our ability to market and sell our vehicles.

 

Developments in alternative technologies or improvements in the internal combustion engine may materially adversely affect the demand for our electric vehicles.

 

Significant developments in alternative technologies, such as advanced diesel, ethanol, fuel cells or compressed natural gas, or improvements in the fuel economy of the internal combustion engine, may materially and adversely affect our business and prospects in ways we do not currently anticipate. For example, fuel which is abundant and relatively inexpensive in North America, such as compressed natural gas, may emerge as consumers’ preferred alternative to petroleum-based propulsion. Any failure by us to develop new or enhanced technologies or processes, or to react to changes in existing technologies, could materially delay our development and introduction of new and enhanced electric vehicles, which could result in the loss of competitiveness of our vehicles, decreased revenue and a loss of market share to competitors.

 

19

 

 

If we are unable to keep up with advances in electric vehicle technology, we may suffer a decline in our competitive position.

 

We may be unable to keep up with changes in electric vehicle technology and, as a result, may suffer a decline in our competitive position. Any failure to keep up with advances in electric vehicle technology would result in a decline in our competitive position which would materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. Our research and development efforts may not be sufficient to adapt to changes in electric vehicle technology. As technologies change, we plan to upgrade or adapt our vehicles and introduce new models to continue to provide vehicles with the latest technology, in particular battery cell technology. However, our vehicles may not compete effectively with alternative vehicles if we are not able to source and integrate the latest technology into our vehicles. For example, we do not manufacture battery cells which makes us depend upon other suppliers of battery cell technology for our battery packs.

 

If we are unable to design, develop, market and sell new electric vehicles and services that address additional market opportunities, our business, prospects and operating results will suffer.

 

We may not be able to successfully develop new electric vehicles and services, address new market segments or develop a significantly broader customer base. To date, we have focused our business on the sale of the SOLO, a three-wheeled single passenger electric vehicle, and have targeted mainly urban residents of modest means. We will need to address additional markets and expand our customer demographic to further grow our business. Our failure to address additional market opportunities would harm our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects.

 

Demand in the vehicle industry is highly volatile.

 

Volatility of demand in the vehicle industry may materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. The markets in which we will be competing have been subject to considerable volatility in demand in recent periods. Demand for automobile sales depends to a large extent on general, economic, political and social conditions in a given market and the introduction of new vehicles and technologies. As a new start-up manufacturer, we will have fewer financial resources than more established vehicle manufacturers to withstand changes in the market and disruptions in demand.

 

We depend on a third-party for our near-term manufacturing needs.

 

In October 2017, we entered into a manufacturing agreement with Zongshen, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Zongshen Industrial Group Co. Ltd., an affiliate of Zongshen Power Machinery Co., Ltd., located in Chongqing, China. Under the agreement, Zongshen has begun the process of establishing tooling and has contracted to produce 75,000 SOLO vehicles in the three full years from the commencement of production. The delivery of SOLO vehicles to our future customers and the revenue derived therefrom depends on Zongshen’s ability to fulfill its obligations under that manufacturing agreement. Zongshen’s ability to fulfill its obligations is outside of our control and depends on a variety of factors, including Zongshen’s operations, Zongshen’s financial condition and geopolitical and economic risks that could affect China. If Zongshen is unable to fulfill its obligations or is only able to partially fulfill its obligations, we will not be able to sell our SOLO vehicle in the volumes anticipated on the timetable that we anticipate, if at all.

 

20

 

 

We do not currently have arrangements in place that will allow us to fully execute our business plan.

 

To sell our vehicles as envisioned, we will need to enter into agreements and arrangements that are not currently in place. These include entering into agreements with dealerships, arranging for the transportation of the mass-produced SOLOs to be delivered pursuant to our manufacturing agreement with Zongshen, obtaining battery and other essential supplies in the quantities that we require, entering into manufacturing agreements for the Super SOLO and the Tofino and acquiring additional manufacturing capability. If we are unable to enter into such agreements or are only able to do so on terms that are unfavorable to us, we may not be able to fully carry out our business plans.

 

We depend on certain key personnel, and our success will depend on our continued ability to retain and attract such qualified personnel.

 

Our success depends on the efforts, abilities and continued service Henry Reisner, our President and Chief Operating Officer, Bal Bhullar, our Chief Financial Officer, Isaac Moss, our Chief Administrative Officer and will depend upon the continued services of Paul Rivera, who is slated to become our Chief Executive Officer on August 12, 2019. A number of these key employees and consultants have significant experience in the automobile manufacturing industry. A loss of service from any one of these individuals may adversely affect our operations, and we may have difficulty or may not be able to locate and hire a suitable replacement. We have not obtained any “key person” insurance on certain key personnel.

 

Since we have little experience in mass-producing electric vehicles, any delays or difficulties in transitioning from producing custom vehicles to mass-producing vehicles may have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects and operating results.

 

Our management team has experience in producing custom designed vehicles and is now switching focus to mass producing electric vehicles in a rapidly evolving and competitive market. If we are unable to implement our business plans in the timeframe estimated by management and successfully transition into a mass-producing electric vehicle manufacturing business, then our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition will be negatively impacted and our ability to grow our business will be harmed.

 

We are subject to numerous environmental and health and safety laws and any breach of such laws may have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

We are subject to numerous environmental and health and safety laws, including statutes, regulations, bylaws and other legal requirements. These laws relate to the generation, use, handling, storage, transportation and disposal of regulated substances, including hazardous substances (such as batteries), dangerous goods and waste, emissions or discharges into soil, water and air, including noise and odors (which could result in remediation obligations), and occupational health and safety matters, including indoor air quality. These legal requirements vary by location and can arise under federal, provincial, state or municipal laws. Any breach of such laws and/or requirements would have a material adverse effect on our company and its operating results.

 

Our vehicles are subject to motor vehicle standards and the failure to satisfy such mandated safety standards would have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

All vehicles sold must comply with federal, state and provincial motor vehicle safety standards. In both Canada and the United States vehicles that meet or exceed all federally mandated safety standards are certified under the federal regulations. In this regard, Canadian and U.S. motor vehicle safety standards are substantially the same. Rigorous testing and the use of approved materials and equipment are among the requirements for achieving federal certification. Failure by us to have the SOLO, the Tofino or any future model electric vehicle satisfy motor vehicle standards would have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

21

 

 

If we are unable to reduce and adequately control the costs associated with operating our business, including our costs of manufacturing, sales and materials, our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects will suffer.

 

If we are unable to reduce and/or maintain a sufficiently low level of costs for designing, manufacturing, marketing, selling and distributing and servicing our electric vehicles relative to their selling prices, our operating results, gross margins, business and prospects could be materially and adversely impacted.

 

If our vehicles fail to perform as expected, our ability to develop, market and sell our electric vehicles could be harmed.

 

Our vehicles may contain defects in design and manufacture that may cause them not to perform as expected or that may require repair. For example, our vehicles use a substantial amount of software code to operate. Software products are inherently complex and often contain defects and errors when first introduced. While we have performed extensive internal testing, we currently have a very limited frame of reference by which to evaluate the performance of our SOLO in the hands of our customers and currently have no frame of reference by which to evaluate the performance of our vehicles after several years of customer driving. A similar evaluation of the Tofino is further behind.

 

We have very limited experience servicing our vehicles. If we are unable to address the service requirements of our future customers our business will be materially and adversely affected.

 

If we are unable to successfully address the service requirements of our future customers our business and prospects will be materially and adversely affected. In addition, we anticipate the level and quality of the service we will provide our customers will have a direct impact on the success of our future vehicles. If we are unable to satisfactorily service our customers, our ability to generate customer loyalty, grow our business and sell additional vehicles could be impaired.

 

We have very limited experience servicing our vehicles. We plan for mass production to begin for SOLO vehicles for deliveries during 2019 and a prototype for the Tofino in 2020. The total number of SOLOs that we have produced as pre-production as of June 30, 2019 is approximately 53. Throughout its history, Intermeccanica has produced approximately 2,500 cars, which include providing after sales support and servicing. We do not have any experience servicing the SOLO or the Tofino as a limited number of SOLOS have been produced and the Tofino has not yet been produced. Servicing electric vehicles is different than servicing vehicles with internal combustion engines and requires specialized skills, including high voltage training and servicing techniques.

 

We may not succeed in establishing, maintaining and strengthening the Electrameccanica brand, which would materially and adversely affect customer acceptance of our vehicles and components and our business, revenues and prospects.

 

Our business and prospects heavily depend on our ability to develop, maintain and strengthen the Electra Meccanica brand. Any failure to develop, maintain and strengthen our brand may materially and adversely affect our ability to sell our planned electric vehicles. If we are not able to establish, maintain and strengthen our brand, we may lose the opportunity to build a critical mass of customers. Promoting and positioning our brand will likely depend significantly on our ability to provide high quality electric cars and maintenance and repair services, and we have very limited experience in these areas. In addition, we expect that our ability to develop, maintain and strengthen the Electrameccanica brand will also depend heavily on the success of our marketing efforts. To date, we have limited experience with marketing activities as we have relied primarily on the internet, word of mouth and attendance at industry trade shows to promote our brand. To further promote our brand, we may be required to change our marketing practices, which could result in substantially increased advertising expenses, including the need to use traditional media such as television, radio and print. The automobile industry is intensely competitive, and we may not be successful in building, maintaining and strengthening our brand. Many of our current and potential competitors, particularly automobile manufacturers headquartered in Detroit, Japan and the European Union, have greater name recognition, broader customer relationships and substantially greater marketing resources than we do. If we do not develop and maintain a strong brand, our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results will be materially and adversely impacted.

 

22

 

 

Increases in costs, disruption of supply or shortage of raw materials, in particular lithium-ion cells, could harm our business.

 

We may experience increases in the cost or a sustained interruption in the supply or shortage of raw materials. Any such increase or supply interruption could materially negatively impact our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results. We use various raw materials in our business, including aluminum, steel, carbon fiber and non-ferrous metals such as copper and cobalt. The prices for these raw materials fluctuate depending on market conditions and global demand for these materials and could adversely affect our business and operating results. For instance, we are exposed to multiple risks relating to price fluctuations for lithium-ion cells. These risks include:

 

the inability or unwillingness of current battery manufacturers to build or operate battery cell manufacturing plants to supply the numbers of lithium-ion cells required to support the growth of the electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle industry as demand for such cells increases;

 

disruption in the supply of cells due to quality issues or recalls by the battery cell manufacturers; and

 

an increase in the cost of raw materials, such as cobalt, used in lithium-ion cells.

 

Our business depends on the continued supply of battery cells for our vehicles. We do not currently have any agreements for the supply of batteries and depend upon the open market for their procurement. Any disruption in the supply of battery cells from our supplier could temporarily disrupt the planned production of our vehicles until such time as a different supplier is fully qualified. Moreover, battery cell manufacturers may choose to refuse to supply electric vehicle manufacturers to the extent they determine that the vehicles are not sufficiently safe. Furthermore, current fluctuations or shortages in petroleum and other economic conditions may cause us to experience significant increases in freight charges and raw material costs. Substantial increases in the prices for our raw materials would increase our operating costs, and could reduce our margins if we cannot recoup the increased costs through increased electric vehicle prices. We might not be able to recoup increasing costs of raw materials by increasing vehicle prices. We have also already announced an estimated price for the base model of our planned SOLO, Super SOLO and Tofino. However, any attempts to increase the announced or expected prices in response to increased raw material costs could be viewed negatively by our potential customers, result in cancellations of SOLO, Super SOLO and Tofino reservations and could materially adversely affect our brand, image, business, prospects and operating results.

 

The unavailability, reduction or elimination of government and economic incentives could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, operating results and prospects.

 

Any reduction, elimination or discriminatory application of government subsidies and economic incentives that are offered to purchasers of EVs or persons installing home charging stations, the reduced need for such subsidies and incentives due to the perceived success of the electric vehicle, fiscal tightening or other reasons may result in the diminished competitiveness of the alternative fuel vehicle industry generally or our electric vehicles in particular. This could materially and adversely affect the growth of the alternative fuel automobile markets and our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.

 

23

 

 

If we fail to manage future growth effectively, we may not be able to market and sell our vehicles successfully.

 

Any failure to manage our growth effectively could materially and adversely affect our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. We plan to expand our operations in the near future in connection with the planned production of our vehicles. Our future operating results depend to a large extent on our ability to manage this expansion and growth successfully. Risks that we face in undertaking this expansion include:

 

training new personnel;

 

forecasting production and revenue;

 

controlling expenses and investments in anticipation of expanded operations;

 

establishing or expanding design, manufacturing, sales and service facilities;

 

implementing and enhancing administrative infrastructure, systems and processes;

 

addressing new markets; and

 

establishing international operations.

 

We intend to continue to hire a number of additional personnel, including design and manufacturing personnel and service technicians, for our electric vehicles. Competition for individuals with experience designing, manufacturing and servicing electric vehicles is intense, and we may not be able to attract, assimilate, train or retain additional highly qualified personnel in the future. The failure to attract, integrate, train, motivate and retain these additional employees could seriously harm our business and prospects.

 

Our business may be adversely affected by labor and union activities.

 

Although none of our employees are currently represented by a labor union, it is common throughout the automobile industry generally for many employees at automobile companies to belong to a union, which can result in higher employee costs and increased risk of work stoppages. We have a manufacturing agreement with Zongshen to produce 75,000 SOLO vehicles in the three full years from the commencement of production. Zongshen’s workforce is not currently unionized, though they may become so in the future or industrial stoppages could occur in the absence of a union. We also directly and indirectly depend upon other companies with unionized work forces, such as parts suppliers and trucking and freight companies, and work stoppages or strikes organized by such unions could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition or operating results. If a work stoppage occurs within our business, that of Zongshen or that of our key suppliers, it could delay the manufacture and sale of our electric vehicles and have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, operating results or financial condition. Additionally, if we expand our business to include full in-house manufacturing of our vehicles, our employees might join or form a labor union and we may be required to become a union signatory.

 

24

 

 

We may become subject to product liability claims, which could harm our financial condition and liquidity if we are not able to successfully defend or insure against such claims.

 

We may become subject to product liability claims, which could harm our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition. The automobile industry experiences significant product liability claims and we face inherent risk of exposure to claims in the event our vehicles do not perform as expected or malfunction resulting in personal injury or death. Our risks in this area are particularly pronounced given we have limited field experience of our vehicles. A successful product liability claim against us could require us to pay a substantial monetary award. Moreover, a product liability claim could generate substantial negative publicity about our vehicles and business and inhibit or prevent commercialization of other future vehicle candidates which would have material adverse effect on our brand, business, prospects and operating results. We plan to maintain product liability insurance for all our vehicles with annual limits of approximately $5 million on a claims-made basis, but any such insurance might not be sufficient to cover all potential product liability claims. Any lawsuit seeking significant monetary damages either in excess of our coverage, or outside of our coverage, may have a material adverse effect on our reputation, business and financial condition. We may not be able to secure additional product liability insurance coverage on commercially acceptable terms or at reasonable costs when needed, particularly if we do face liability for our products and are forced to make a claim under our policy.

 

Our patent applications may not result in issued patents, which may have a material adverse effect on our ability to prevent others from interfering with our commercialization of our products.

 

The registration and enforcement of patents involves complex legal and factual questions and the breadth and effectiveness of patented claims is uncertain. We cannot be certain that we are the first to file patent applications on these inventions, nor can we be certain that our pending patent applications will result in issued patents or that any of our issued patents will afford sufficient protection against someone creating competing products, or as a defensive portfolio against a competitor who claims that we are infringing its patents. In addition, patent applications filed in foreign countries are subject to laws, rules and procedures that differ from those of the United States, and thus we cannot be certain that foreign patent applications, if any, will result in issued patents in those foreign jurisdictions or that such patents can be effectively enforced, even if they relate to patents issued in the U.S.

 

We may need to defend ourselves against patent or trademark infringement claims, which may be time-consuming and would cause us to incur substantial costs.

 

Companies, organizations or individuals, including our competitors, may hold or obtain patents, trademarks or other proprietary rights that would prevent, limit or interfere with our ability to make, use, develop, sell or market our vehicles or components, which could make it more difficult for us to operate our business. From time to time, we may receive communications from third parties that allege our products are covered by their patents or trademarks or other intellectual property rights. Companies holding patents or other intellectual property rights may bring suits alleging infringement of such rights or otherwise assert their rights. If we are determined to have infringed upon a third party’s intellectual property rights, we may be required to do things that include one or more of the following:

 

cease making, using, selling or offering to sell processes, goods or services that incorporate or use the third-party intellectual property;

 

pay substantial damages;

 

seek a license from the holder of the infringed intellectual property right, which license may not be available on reasonable terms or at all;

 

redesign our vehicles or other goods or services to avoid infringing the third-party intellectual property; or

 

establish and maintain alternative branding for our products and services.

 

25

 

 

In the event of a successful claim of infringement against us and our failure or inability to obtain a license to the infringed technology or other intellectual property right, our business, prospects, operating results and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. In addition, any litigation or claims, whether or not valid, could result in substantial costs, negative publicity and diversion of resources and management attention.

 

You may face difficulties in protecting your interests, and your ability to protect your rights through the U.S. federal courts may be limited because we are incorporated under the laws of the Province of British Columbia, a substantial portion of our assets are in Canada and all of our executive officers and most of our directors reside outside the United States

 

We are organized pursuant to the laws of the Province of British Columbia under the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia) and our executive offices are located outside of the United States in Vancouver, British Columbia. All of our officers, our auditor and all but two of our directors reside outside the United States. In addition, a substantial portion of their assets and our assets are located outside of the United States. As a result, you may have difficulty serving legal process within the United States upon us or any of these persons. You may also have difficulty enforcing, both in and outside of the United States, judgments you may obtain in U.S. courts against us or these persons in any action, including actions based upon the civil liability provisions of U.S. Federal or state securities laws. Furthermore, there is substantial doubt as to the enforceability in Canada against us or against any of our directors, officers and the expert named in this report who are not residents of the United States, in original actions or in actions for enforcement of judgments of U.S. courts, of liabilities based solely upon the civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities laws. In addition, shareholders in British Columbia companies may not have standing to initiate a shareholder derivative action in U.S. federal courts.

 

As a result, our public shareholders may have more difficulty in protecting their interests through actions against us, our management, our directors or our major shareholders than would shareholders of a corporation incorporated in a jurisdiction in the United States.

 

Global economic conditions could materially adversely impact demand for our products and services.

 

Our operations and performance depend significantly on economic conditions. Uncertainty about global economic conditions could result in customers postponing purchases of our products and services in response to tighter credit, unemployment, negative financial news and/or declines in income or asset values and other macroeconomic factors, which could have a material negative effect on demand for our products and services and, accordingly, on our business, results of operations or financial condition.

 

We are vulnerable to a growing trade dispute between the United States and China

 

A growing trade dispute between the United States and China could increase the proposed sales price of our products or decrease our profits, if any. Recently, the current U.S. administration has imposed tariffs on $34 billion of Chinese exports, including a 25% duty on cars built in China and shipped to the United States. Following the imposition of these tariffs, China has imposed additional tariffs on U.S. goods manufactured in the United States and exported to China. Subsequently, the U.S. administration indicated that it may impose tariffs on up to US$500 billion of goods manufactured in China and imported into the United States. These tariffs may escalate a nascent trade war between China and the United States. This trade conflict could affect our business because we intend to mass produce the SOLO in China and our intended principal market is the West Coast of North America. If a trade war were to escalate or if tariffs were imposed on any of our products, we could be forced to increase the proposed sales price of such products or reduce the margins, if any, on such products.

 

26

 

 

Recently, U.S. Customs and Border Protection ruled that the SOLO has a classification under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule to the United States Code that applies to passenger vehicles for less than 10 people with only electric motors. The total applicable duty for this classification was recently raised to 27.5% (2.5% is a “most-favored-nation” tariff for this classification and 25% derives from this classification being on the China 301 List 1). We envision that the base purchase price for our SOLO will be approximately USD$16,250, but the final purchase price in the United States will likely be increased as a result of the recent increase in the tariff applicable to the SOLO. As the landscape for tariffs involving imports to the United States from the People’s Republic of China has been changing over the past year and may change again, we have not determined how to adjust the base purchase price in the United States in response to the recent tariff increase.

 

Uncertainties in the interpretation and enforcement of Chinese laws and regulations could limit the legal protections available to you and us.

 

The legal system in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) is based on written statutes. Unlike common law systems, it is a system in which legal cases have limited value as precedents. In the late 1970s, the PRC government began to promulgate a comprehensive system of laws and regulations governing economic matters in general. The overall effect of legislation over the past three decades has significantly increased the protections afforded to various production services in the PRC. Zongshen, our manufacturing partner, is subject to various PRC laws and regulations generally applicable to companies in China. However, since these laws and regulations are relatively new and the PRC legal system continues to rapidly evolve, the interpretations of many laws, regulations and rules are not always uniform and enforcement of these laws, regulations and rules involve uncertainties.

 

From time to time we may have to resort to administrative and court proceedings to enforce our legal rights or Zongshen may have to resort to administrative and court proceedings to fulfill its obligations under the manufacturing agreement. However, since PRC administrative and court authorities have significant discretion in interpreting and implementing statutory and contractual terms, it may be more difficult to evaluate the outcome of administrative and court proceedings and the level of legal protection we enjoy than in more developed legal systems. Furthermore, the PRC legal system is based in part on government policies and internal rules (some of which are not published in a timely manner or at all) that may have retroactive effect. As a result, we or Zongshen may not be aware of our violation of these policies and rules until sometime after the violation. Such uncertainties, including uncertainty over the scope and effect of our contractual, property (including intellectual property) and procedural rights, and any failure to respond to changes in the regulatory environment in China could materially and adversely affect our business and impede our ability to continue our operations.

 

Risks Related to Our Common Shares

 

Our executive officers and directors beneficially own a large controlling percentage of our common shares.

 

As of June 30, 2019, our executive officers and directors beneficially owned, in the aggregate, approximately 39.4% of our common shares, which includes shares that our executive officers and directors have the right to acquire pursuant to warrants and stock options which have vested. As a result, they will be able to exercise a significant level of control over all matters requiring shareholder approval, including the election of directors, amendments to our Articles and approval of significant corporate transactions. This control could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of our company or changes in management and will make the approval of certain transactions difficult or impossible without the support of these shareholders.

 

27

 

 

The continued sale of our equity securities will dilute the ownership percentage of our existing shareholders and may decrease the market price for our common shares.

 

Our Notice of Articles authorize the issuance of an unlimited number of common shares and the issuance of preferred shares. The Board of Directors has the authority to issue additional shares of our capital stock to provide additional financing in the future and designate the rights of the preferred shares, which may include voting, dividend, distribution or other rights that are preferential to those held by the common shareholders. The issuance of any such common or preferred shares may result in a reduction of the book value or market price, if one exists at the time, of the outstanding common shares. Given our lack of revenues, we will likely have to issue additional equity securities to obtain working capital we require for the next 12 months. Our efforts to fund our intended business plans will therefore result in dilution to our existing shareholders. If we do issue any such additional common shares, such issuance also will cause a reduction in the proportionate ownership and voting power of all other shareholders. As a result of such dilution, if you acquire common shares, your proportionate ownership interest and voting power could be decreased. Further, any such issuances could result in a change of control or a reduction in the market price for our common shares.

 

Additionally, we had 6,253,096 options and 21,253,395 warrants outstanding as of August 8, 2019. The exercise price of some of these options and warrants is below our current market price, and if you purchase shares in the public market, it could be at a price in excess of the exercise price of outstanding warrants or options. If the holders of these options and warrants elect to exercise them, your ownership position will be diluted and the per share value of the shares in this offering could be diluted as well. As a result, the market value of our shares could significantly decrease as well.

 

Issuances of our preferred stock may adversely affect the rights of the holders of our common shares and reduce the value of our common shares.

 

Our Notice of Articles authorize the issuance of an unlimited number of shares of preferred stock. Our Board of Directors has the authority to create one or more series of preferred stock and, without shareholder approval, issue shares of preferred stock with rights superior to the rights of the holders of common shares. As a result, shares of preferred stock could be issued quickly and easily, adversely affecting the rights of holder of common shares and could be issued with terms calculated to delay or prevent a change in control or make removal of management more difficult. Although we currently have no plans to create any series of preferred stock and have no present plans to issue any shares of preferred stock, any creation and issuance of preferred stock in the future could adversely affect the rights of the holders of common shares and reduce the value of our common shares.

 

28

 

 

The market price of our common shares may be volatile and may fluctuate in a way that is disproportionate to our operating performance.

 

Our common shares and certain of our warrants began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market in August 2018, and before that our common shares had been trading on the OTCQB since September 2017. The historical volume of trading has been low, and the share price has fluctuated significantly. The share price for our common shares could decline due to the impact of any of the following factors:

 

sales or potential sales of substantial amounts of our common shares;

 

announcements about us or about our competitors;

 

litigation and other developments relating to our patents or other proprietary rights or those of our competitors;

 

conditions in the automobile industry;

 

governmental regulation and legislation;

 

variations in our anticipated or actual operating results;

 

change in securities analysts’ estimates of our performance, or our failure to meet analysts’ expectations;

 

change in general economic trends; and

 

investor perception of our industry or our prospects.

 

Many of these factors are beyond our control. The stock markets in general, and the market for automobile companies in particular, have historically experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. These fluctuations often have been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of these companies. These broad market and industry factors could reduce the market price of our common shares regardless of our actual operating performance.

 

We do not intend to pay dividends and there will thus be fewer ways in which you are able to make a gain on your investment.

 

We have never paid any cash or stock dividends and we do not intend to pay any dividends for the foreseeable future. To the extent that we require additional funding currently not provided for in our financing plan, our funding sources may prohibit the payment of any dividends. Because we do not intend to declare dividends, any gain on your investment will need to result from an appreciation in the price of our common shares. There will therefore be fewer ways in which you are able to make a gain on your investment.

 

FINRA sales practice requirements may limit your ability to buy and sell our common shares or listed warrants, which could depress their respective prices.

 

FINRA rules require broker-dealers to have reasonable grounds for believing that an investment is suitable for a customer before recommending that investment to the customer. Prior to recommending speculative low-priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status and investment objectives, among other things. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability such speculative low-priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. Thus, FINRA requirements may make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common shares or our listed warrants, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our shares and/or listed warrants, have an adverse effect on their respective markets and, thereby, depress their market prices.

 

29

 

 

Our common shares and our listed warrants have been thinly traded, and you may be unable to sell at or near ask prices or at all if you need to sell your shares to raise money or otherwise desire to liquidate your shares.

 

From October 2017 until August 2018, our common shares were quoted on the OTCQB where they were “thinly-traded”, meaning that the number of persons interested in purchasing our common shares at or near bid prices at any given time was relatively small or non-existent. Since we listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market in August 2018, the volume of our shares traded has increased, but that volume could decrease until we are thinly-traded again. That could occur due to a number of factors, including that we are relatively unknown to stock analysts, stock brokers, institutional investors and others in the investment community that generate or influence sales volume, and that even if we came to the attention of such persons, they tend to be risk-averse and might be reluctant to follow an unproven company such as ours or purchase or recommend the purchase of our shares until such time as we became more seasoned. Certain of our warrants were listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market in August 2018. The trading volume of those listed warrants is relatively low. As a consequence, there may be periods of several days or more when trading activity in our shares or listed warrants is minimal or non-existent, as compared to a seasoned issuer which has a large and steady volume of trading activity that will generally support continuous sales without an adverse effect on share price. Broad or active public trading market for our common shares and/or our listed warrants may not develop or be sustained.

 

Volatility in our common shares or warrant price may subject us to securities litigation.

 

The market for our common shares and our listed warrants may have, when compared to seasoned issuers, significant price volatility, and we expect that our share or warrant prices may continue to be more volatile than that of a seasoned issuer for the indefinite future. In the past, plaintiffs have often initiated securities class action litigation against a company following periods of volatility in the market price of its securities. We may, in the future, be the target of similar litigation. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and liabilities and could divert management’s attention and resources.

 

We are a foreign private issuer within the meaning of the rules under the Exchange Act, and as such we are exempt from certain provisions applicable to United States domestic public companies.

 

We are a foreign private issuer within the meaning of the rules under the Exchange Act. As such, we are exempt from certain provisions applicable to United States domestic public companies. For example:

 

we are not required to provide as many Exchange Act reports, or as frequently, as a domestic public company;

 

for interim reporting, we are permitted to comply solely with our home country requirements, which are less rigorous than the rules that apply to domestic public companies;

 

we are not required to provide the same level of disclosure on certain issues, such as executive compensation;

 

we are exempt from provisions of Regulation FD aimed at preventing issuers from making selective disclosures of material information;

 

we are not required to comply with the sections of the Exchange Act regulating the solicitation of proxies, consents or authorizations in respect of a security registered under the Exchange Act; and

 

we are not required to comply with Section 16 of the Exchange Act requiring insiders to file public reports of their share ownership and trading activities and establishing insider liability for profits realized from any “short-swing” trading transaction.

 

30

 

 

Our shareholders may not have access to certain information they may deem important and are accustomed to receive from U.S. reporting companies.

 

As an “emerging growth company” under applicable law, we will be subject to lessened disclosure requirements. Such reduced disclosure may make our common shares less attractive to investors.

 

For as long as we remain an “emerging growth company”, as defined in the JOBS Act, we will elect to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies”, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and shareholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. Because of these lessened regulatory requirements, our shareholders would be left without information or rights available to shareholders of more mature companies. If some investors find our common shares less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for such securities and their market prices may be more volatile.

 

We incur significant costs as a result of being a public company, which costs will grow after we cease to qualify as an “emerging growth company.”

 

We incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses as a public company that we did not incur as a private company. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, as well as rules subsequently implemented by the SEC and Nasdaq Capital Market, impose various requirements on the corporate governance practices of public companies. We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act and will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of : (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) following May 23, 2022, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least US$1.07 billion or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common shares that is held by non-affiliates exceeds US$700 million as of the prior June 30th; and (2) the date on which we have issued more than US$1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the prior three-year period. An emerging growth company may take advantage of specified reduced reporting and other requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include exemption from the auditor attestation requirement under Section 404 in the assessment of the emerging growth company’s internal control over financial reporting and permission to delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies.

 

Compliance with these rules and regulations increases our legal and financial compliance costs and makes some corporate activities more time-consuming and costlier. After we are no longer an emerging growth company, we expect to incur significant expenses and devote substantial management effort toward ensuring compliance with the requirements of Section 404 and the other rules and regulations of the SEC. For example, as a public company, we have been required to increase the number of independent directors and adopt policies regarding internal controls and disclosure controls and procedures. We have incurred additional costs in obtaining director and officer liability insurance. In addition, we incur additional costs associated with our public company reporting requirements. It may also be more difficult for us to find qualified persons to serve on our board of directors or as executive officers. We are currently evaluating and monitoring developments with respect to these rules and regulations, and we cannot predict or estimate with any degree of certainty the amount of additional costs we may incur or the timing of such costs.

 

31

 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

On January 15, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 32,000 common shares to three consultants as part of their consulting agreements with our Company.

 

On January 24, 2019, we issued 18,060 common shares to a consultant as part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

On January 31, 2019, we issued 29,950 common shares to settle debt for legal services for $50,000.

 

On February 14, 2019, we received $20,000 from our CEO for the exercise of warrants at a price of $0.80, issued 25,000 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 14, 2019, we issued 3,010 common shares to a consultant as a part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

On February 15, 2019, we received $180,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $0.80, we issued 225,000 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 20, 2019, we received an aggregate of USD$2,424,625 from three investors for the exercise of warrants at a price of USD$4.25, we issued 570,500 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 25, 2019, we received an aggregate of USD$322,150 from two investors for the exercise of warrants at a price of USD$4.25, we issued 75,800 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 28, 2019, we received of $125,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $2.00, we issued 62,500 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 28, 2019, we received of $50,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $2.00, we issued 25,000 common shares of the Company.

 

On March 2, 2019, we received of $50,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $0.80, we issued 62,500 common shares of the Company.

 

On March 14, 2019, we issued 10,000 common shares to a consultant as a part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

On March 27, 2019, the Company issued a total of 3,333,334 common shares for gross proceeds of $16,085,772. There were 93,020 common shares issued for services with a fair value of $201,077. Share issue costs related to these issuances was $1,360,551.

 

On April 2, 2019, we issued 13,010 common shares to consultants as a part of their consulting agreements with our Company.

 

On April 2, 2019, we received an aggregate of $145,153 from investors for the exercise of warrants with prices ranging from $0.80 to $4.00, we issued 70,023 common shares of the Company.

 

On May 15, 2019, we issued 25,010 common shares to consultants as a part of their consulting agreements with our Company.

 

On June 12, 2019 we received $17,504 from our employee for the exercise of stock options for $0.80, we issued 21,880 common shares of the Company.

 

On June 14, 2019 we received $17,504 from our employee for the exercise of stock options for $0.80, we issued 21,880 common shares of the Company.

 

On June 17, 2019, we issued 3,010 common shares to a consultant as a part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

The issuance of the securities mentioned above qualified for the exemption from registration continued in section 4(a) of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933.

 

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Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

This report was included as an exhibit to Form 6-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Please see the other exhibits to that Form 6-K which are incorporated herein by reference.

 

33

 

 

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

 

Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

June 30, 2019

 

Unaudited - Expressed in Canadian

 

 

 

 

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Condensed Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

(Expressed in Canadian dollars)

 

    Note     June 30,
2019
(Unaudited)
    December 31,
2018
 
ASSETS                        
Current assets                        
Cash and cash equivalents     3     $ 21,388,624     $ 18,926,933  
Receivables     4       1,705,173       1,190,689  
Prepaid expenses             7,096,575       2,268,776  
Inventory             1,062,919       420,737  
              31,253,291       22,807,135  
                         
Non-current assets                        
Restricted cash             109,076       110,707  
Plant and equipment     5       8,140,403       5,323,766  
Goodwill and other intangible assets     6       1,228,581       1,239,123  
TOTAL ASSETS           $ 40,731,351     $ 29,480,731  
                         
LIABILITIES                        
Current liabilities                        
Trade payables and accrued liabilities     7     $ 670,367     $ 1,262,861  
Customer deposits             360,237       303,076  
Construction contract liability             98,280       99,707  
Shareholder loan             4,153       6,230  
Deferred income tax             100,619       149,794  
Current portion of lease liabilities     8       625,669       -  
              1,859,325       1,821,668  
                         
Non-current liabilities                        
Derivative liability1     9       9,666,133       4,752,875  
Lease liabilities     8       1,148,193       -  
TOTAL LIABILITIES             12,673,651       6,574,543  
                         
EQUITY                        
Share capital     10       66,559,231       46,622,299  
Deficit             (48,722,200 )     (31,373,697 )
Reserves             10,220,669       7,657,586  
TOTAL EQUITY             28,057,700       22,906,188  
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY           $ 40,731,351     $ 29,480,731  

 

Nature and continuance of operations (Note 1)

Commitments (Notes 5 and 8)

 

On behalf of the Board of Directors.

 

       
Director   Director  

 

 

1 Footnote: The warrant derivative liability is valued at fair value in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”). There are no circumstances in which the Company would be required to pay cash upon exercise or expiry of the warrants. See Note 10.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements

 

2

 

 

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Condensed Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Expressed in Canadian dollars)

 

       Three months ended   Six months ended 
   Note   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
 
Revenue       $159,862   $279,366   $261,266   $445,499 
Cost of revenue        166,652    192,651    262,804    295,319 
Gross profit        (6,790)   86,715    (1,538)   150,180 
                          
Operating expenses                         
                          
Amortization   5    261,298    77,386    529,980    128,415 
General and administrative expenses   12    1,591,663    934,256    3,504,338    1,909,473 
Research and development expenses   13    1,915,505    1,718,599    3,559,060    3,278,776 
Sales and marketing expenses   14    440,538    196,614    812,538    476,244 
Stock-based compensation expense   10    551,035    1,094,181    2,551,027    1,884,415 
Share-based payment expense   10    171,101    622,877    245,942    622,877 
         (4,931,140)   (4,643,913)   (11,202,885)   (8,300,200)
                          
Loss before other items        (4,937,930)   (4,557,198)   (11,204,423)   (8,150,020)
                          
Other items                         
Interest expense        26,230    -    58,083    - 
Changes in fair value of derivative liability   9    (8,546,219)   (1,860,027)   5,520,391    (3,026,054)
Other income        (14,383)   -    (53,928)   - 
Foreign exchange loss (gain)        319,359    (80,956)   666,569    (103,777)
                          
Income (loss) before taxes        3,277,083    (2,616,215)   (17,395,538)   (5,020,189)
                          
Current income tax expense        2,140    -    2,140    - 
Deferred income tax recovery        (6,419)   -    (49,175)   - 
                          
Net income (loss)        3,281,362    (2,616,215)   (17,348,503)   (5,020,189)
                          
Other comprehensive income – foreign currency translation        (21,904)   -    (24,587)   - 
                          
Comprehensive income (loss)       $3,303,266   $(2,616,215)  $(17,323,916)  $(5,020,189)
Income (loss) per share – basic and fully diluted       $0.09   $(0.11)  $(0.50)  $(0.20)
                          
Weighted average number of shares outstanding – basic and fully diluted   10    36,909,154    24,590,906    34,987,274    24,571,944 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements

 

3

 

 

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Condensed Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Expressed in Canadian dollars)

 

          Share capital                                
    Note     Number of
shares
    Amount net
of share issue
cost
    Share
subscription
    Share-based
payment
reserve
    Foreign
currency
translation
reserve
    Deficit     Total  
Balance at December 31, 2017             23,794,106     $ 22,718,282     $ 750,000     $ 3,518,286     $ -     $ (21,335,552 )   $ 5,651,016  
Shares issued for cash             757,138       3,196,610       (750,000 )     -       -       -       2,446,610  
Shares issued on exercise of options             6,198       31,669       -       (19,274 )     -       -       12,395  
Adjustment for warrant derivative liability             -       (676,967 )     -       -       -       -       (676,967 )
Shares issued for finders fees             2,286       23,678       -       -       -       -       23,678  
Stock-based compensation             -       -       -       790,234       -       -       790,234  
Net and comprehensive loss for the period             -       -       -       -       -       (2,403,974 )     (2,403,974 )
Balance at March 31, 2018             24,559,728       25,293,272       -       4,289,246               (23,739,526 )     5,842,992  
                                                                 
Shares issued for cash,             425,405       3,002,985       -       -       -       -       3,002,985  
Shares issued for services             75,000       622,877       -       -       -       -       622,877  
Stock-based compensation             -       -       -       1,094,181       -       -       1,094,181  
Comprehensive loss for the period             -       -       -       -       -       (2,616,215 )     (2,616,215 )
Balance at June 30, 2018             25,060,133     $ 28,919,134     $ -     $ 5,383,427       -     $ (26,355,741 )   $ 7,946,820  
Balance at December 31, 2018             32,332,343     $ 46,622,299     $ -     $ 7,667,591     $ (10,005 )   $ (31,373,697 )   $ 22,906,188  
                                                                 
Shares issued for cash             3,333,334       14,725,221       -       -       -       -       14,725,221  
Shares issued pursuant to exercise of warrants     10       1,046,300       4,657,266       -       -       -       -       4,657,266  
Shares issued for services     10       93,020       201,077       -       -       -       -       201,077  
Stock-based compensation     11       -       -       -       1,999,992       -       -       1,999,992  
Comprehensive loss for the period             -       -       -       -       2,683       (20,629,865 )     (20,627,182 )
Balance at March 31, 2019             36,804,997     $ 66,205,863     $ -     $ 9,667,583     $ (7,322 )   $ (52,003,562 )   $ 23,862,562  
                                                                 
Share issue costs             -       (10,425 )     -       -       -       -       (10,425 )
Shares issued pursuant to exercise of warrants     10       70,023       145,153       -       -       -       -       145,153  
Shares issued for services     10       41,030       171,101       -       -       -       -       171,101  
Shares issued on exercise of options     10       43,760       47,539       -       (12,531 )     -       -       35,008  
Stock-based compensation     11       -       -       -       551,035       -       -       551,035  
Comprehensive income for the period             -       -       -       -       21,904       3,281,362       3,303,266  
Balance at June 30, 2019             36,959,810     $ 66,559,231     $ -     $ 10,206,087     $ 14,582     $ (48,722,200 )   $ 28,057,700  

 

On May 15, 2018 the Company completed a reverse share split on a 2:1 basis, all references to number of shares have been retroactively adjusted throughout these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements

 

4 

 

  

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Condensed Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Expressed in Canadian dollars)

 

   Three months ended   Six months ended 
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
 
Operating activities                    
Income (loss) for the period  $3,281,362   $(2,616,215)  $(17,348,503)  $(5,020,189)
Adjustments for:                    
Amortization   261,298    77,386    529,980    128,415 
Stock-based compensation expense   551,035    1,094,181    2,551,027    1,884,415 
Share-based payment expense   171,101    622,877    245,942    622,877 
Interest on lease liability   32,730    -    68,185    - 
Changes in fair value of derivative liability   (8,546,219)   (1,860,027)   5,520,391    (3,026,054)
Deferred income tax recovery   (6,419)   -    (49,175)   - 
Changes in non-cash working capital items:                    
Receivables   (583,576)   (287,506)   (514,484)   (384,038)
Prepaid expenses   (2,922,683)   44,058    (4,810,789)   157,330 
Inventory   (200,494)   (16,425)   (642,182)   (41,615)
Trade payables and accrued liabilities   (307,901)   (10,156)   (485,061)   442,390 
Customer deposits and construction contract liability   29,710    2,930    55,734    (36,297)
Net cash flows used in operating activities   (8,240,056)   (2,948,897)   (14,878,935)   (5,272,766)
                     
Investing activities                    
Restricted cash   740    (1,092)   1,631    (108,995)
Expenditures on plant and equipment   (1,093,016)   (1,677,971)   (1,268,815)   (2,853,874)
Proceeds from intangible assets   -    -    8,042    - 
Net cash flows used in investing activities   (1,092,276)   (1,679,063)   (1,259,142)   (2,962,869)
Financing activities                    
Repayment of bank loan   -    -    -    (123,637)
Repayment of shareholder loan   (1,038)   (1,038)   (2,077)   (2,077)
Repayment of promissory note   -    -    -    (1,500,000)
Repayment of leases   (165,945)   -    (367,832)   - 
Proceeds on issuance of common shares – net of issue costs   (10,425)   3,002,986    14,714,796    5,485,668 
Proceeds from issuance of common shares for options exercised   35,008    -    35,008    - 
Proceeds from issuance of common shares for warrants exercised   145,153    -    4,195,286    - 
Net cash flows from financing activities   2,753    3,001,948    18,575,181    3,859,954 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (9,329,579)   (1,626,012)   2,437,104    (4,375,681)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   21,904    -    24,587    - 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning   30,696,299    5,861,327    18,926,933    8,610,996 
Cash and cash equivalents, ending   21,388,624   $4,235,315    21,388,624   $4,235,315 
                     
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities                    
Purchase of PP&E in accounts payable   1,793    566,122    1,793    566,122 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease liability   -    -    2,106,966    - 
Shares issued for services   171,101    622,877    245,942    622,877 

 

5

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

1.             Nature and continuance of operations

 

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp (the “Company”) was incorporated on February 16, 2015 under the laws of the province of British Columbia, Canada, and its principal activity is the development and manufacturing of electric vehicles. The Company acquired Intermeccanica International Inc. (“Intermeccanica”) on October 18, 2017 whose principal activity is the development and manufacturing of high-end custom-built vehicles. On January 22, 2018, the Company incorporated a wholly-owned subsidiary EMV Automotive USA Inc. in Nevada, USA.

 

The head office and principal address of the Company are located at 102 East 1st Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V5T 1A4.

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern, meaning it will continue in operation for the foreseeable future and will be able to realize assets and discharge liabilities in the ordinary course of operations. As at June 30, 2019, the Company’s principal activity, the development and manufacture of electric vehicles, is in the development stage, and the Company’s continuation as a going concern is dependent upon the successful results from its electric vehicle development and manufacturing activities and its ability to attain profitable operations and generate funds there from and/or raise equity capital or borrowings sufficient to meet current and future obligations. It is anticipated that significant additional funding will be required. These factors indicate the existence of a material uncertainty that may cast significant doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management intends to finance its operations over the next twelve months through private placement and/or public offerings of equity capital. Should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern, the net realizable value of its assets may be materially less than the amounts on its statement of financial position.

 

2.             Significant accounting policies and basis of preparation

 

The financial statements were authorized for issue on [August 8], 2019 by the directors of the Company.

 

Statement of compliance with International Financial Reporting Standards

 

These interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”), as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”). Therefore, these financial statements comply with International Accounting Standards (“IAS”) 34, Interim Financial Reporting.

 

These interim condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared using the same accounting policies and methods as those used in the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, with the exception of new accounting policies that were adopted on January 1, 2019 as described in Note 2. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in compliance with IAS 34, Interim Financial Reporting. Accordingly, certain disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with IFRS, as issued by the IASB, have been omitted or condensed. These interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Basis of preparation

 

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared on an accrual basis and are based on historical costs, modified where applicable. The Company’s functional and presentation currency is Canadian dollars.

 

Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, EMV Automotive USA Inc. and Intermeccanica from the date of its acquisition on October 18, 2017. Inter-company balances and transactions, including unrealized income and expenses arising from inter-company transactions, are eliminated on consolidation.

 

Significant estimates and assumptions

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with IFRS requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions concerning the future. The Company’s management reviews these estimates and underlying assumptions on an ongoing basis, based on experience and other factors, including expectations of future events that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Revisions to estimates are adjusted for prospectively in the period in which the estimates are revised.

 

6

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

Estimates and assumptions where there is significant risk of material adjustments to assets and liabilities in future accounting periods include the fair value of the identifiable assets and liabilities acquired from Intermeccanica, the estimated recoverable amount of goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets, the useful lives of plant and equipment, the estimated amount of scientific research and experimental development (SR&ED) tax credits, fair value measurements for financial instruments and share-based payments, and the recoverability and measurement of deferred tax assets.

 

Significant judgments

 

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with IFRS requires the Company to make judgments, apart from those involving estimates, in applying accounting policies. The most significant judgments in applying the Company’s financial statements include:

 

-The assessment of the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and whether there are events or conditions that may give rise to significant uncertainty;
-The classification of financial instruments; and
-The calculation of income taxes require judgement in interpreting tax rules and regulations.

 

Financial Instruments

 

The Company classifies its financial instruments in the following categories: at fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL”), at fair value through other comprehensive income (loss) (“FVTOCI”) or at amortized cost. The Company determines the classification of financial assets at initial recognition. The classification of debt instruments is driven by the Company’s business model for managing the financial assets and their contractual cash flow characteristics. Equity instruments that are held for trading are classified as FVTPL. For other equity instruments, on the day of acquisition the Company can make an irrevocable election (on an instrument-by-instrument basis) to designate them as at FVTOCI. Financial liabilities are measured at amortized cost, unless they are required to be measured at FVTPL (such as instruments held for trading or derivatives) or if the Company has opted to measure them at FVTPL.

 

The following table shows the classification of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities

 

Financial assets/liabilities

 

Cash and cash equivalents Amortized cost
Receivables Amortized cost
Trade payables and accrued liabilities Amortized cost
Shareholder loan Amortized cost
Derivative liability FVTPL

 

Financial assets and liabilities at amortized cost are initially recognized at fair value plus or minus transaction costs, respectively, and subsequently carried at amortized cost less any impairment.

 

Financial assets and liabilities carried at FVTPL are initially recorded at fair value and transaction costs are expensed in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. Realized and unrealized gains and losses arising from changes in the fair value of the financial assets and liabilities held at FVTPL are included in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss in the period in which they arise.

 

The Company recognizes a loss allowance for expected credit losses on financial assets that are measured at amortized cost. At each reporting date, the Company measures the loss allowance for the financial asset at an amount equal to the lifetime expected credit losses if the credit risk on the financial asset has increased significantly since initial recognition. If at the reporting date, the financial asset has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the Company measures the loss allowance for the financial asset at an amount equal to the twelve month expected credit losses. The Company shall recognize in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, as an impairment gain or loss, the amount of expected credit losses (or reversal) that is required to adjust the loss allowance at the reporting date to the amount that is required to be recognized.

 

The Company derecognizes financial assets only when the contractual rights to cash flows from the financial assets expire, or when it transfers the financial assets and substantially all of the associated risks and rewards of ownership to another entity. Gains and losses on derecognition are generally recognized in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

 

7

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

Revenue is recognized to the extent that the amount of revenue can be measured reliably and collection is probable.

 

Part sales:

 

Sales of parts are recognized when the Company has transferred control to the customer which generally occurs upon shipment.

 

Services, repairs and support services:

 

Services, repairs and support services are recognized in the accounting period when the services are rendered.

 

Sales of custom build vehicles:

 

The Company manufactures and sells custom built vehicles typically on fixed fee arrangements with its customers. Revenue is recognized in the accounting period in which the services are rendered, by reference to the stage of completion. The stage of completion is determined as a percentage based on the amount of costs incurred compared to the estimated cost of completion. Revenue recognized in excess of amounts billed is recorded as accounts receivable. Amounts received in excess of work performed is recorded as deferred revenue.

 

Sales of electric vehicles:

 

The Company will be manufacturing and selling an electric powered one-seater vehicle which has not yet been commercialized. At this time, proceeds of these sales are considered to be incidental revenue and are not being made with the expectation of profit. These are sold to ‘beta’ customers who provide real-world testing and feedback on the vehicles. The revenue generated from sales are recorded against research & development expenses.

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash and short-term investments with original maturities of less than 90 days and are presented at cost, which approximates market value.

 

Customer deposits

 

Customer deposits consist primarily of advance payments and billings in excess of costs incurred. Changes in customer deposits are primarily due to the timing difference between the Company’s performance of services and payments from customers. To determine revenue recognized from customer deposits during the reporting periods, the Company allocates revenue to individual customer deposit balances and applies revenue recognized during the reporting periods to the beginning balances of customer deposits until the revenue exceeds the balances.

 

Inventory

 

Inventory consists of parts held for resale or for use in fixed fee contracts and is valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on the first-in, first-out basis.

 

Trademarks and patents

 

The Company expenses legal fees and filing costs associated with the development of its trademarks and patents.

 

8

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

Plant and equipment

 

Plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses.

 

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of the replaced asset is derecognized. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to the statement of comprehensive loss during the financial period in which they are incurred.

 

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing the proceeds with the carrying amount and are recognized in the statements of comprehensive loss.

 

Amortization is calculated on a straight-line method to write off the cost of the assets to their residual values over their estimated useful lives. The amortization rates applicable to each category of plant and equipment are as follows:

 

Class of plant and equipment  Amortization rate
Furniture and equipment  20%
Computer equipment  33%
Computer software  50%
Vehicles  33%
Leasehold improvements  over term of lease
Right of use assets  over term of lease
Production tooling and molds  per unit produced

 

Share-based payments

 

Share-based payments to employees are measured at the fair value of the instruments issued and amortized over the vesting periods. Share-based payments to non-employees are measured at the fair value of goods or services received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, if it is determined the fair value of the goods or services cannot be reliably measured, and are recorded at the date the goods or services are received. The corresponding amounts are recorded to the option reserve. The fair value of options is determined using a Black–Scholes pricing model. The number of options expected to vest is reviewed and adjusted at the end of each reporting period such that the amount recognized for services received as consideration for the equity instruments granted shall be based on the number of equity instruments that eventually vest.

 

Loss per share

 

Basic loss per share is calculated by dividing the loss attributable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding in the period. For all periods presented, the loss attributable to common shareholders equals the reported loss attributable to owners of the Company. Fully diluted loss per share is calculated by the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the calculation of fully diluted loss per share assumes that the proceeds to be received on the exercise of dilutive share options and warrants are used to repurchase common shares at the average market price during the period.

 

Research and development expenses

 

Research costs are expensed when incurred and are stated net of government grants. Development costs including direct material, direct labour and contract service costs are capitalized as intangible assets when the Company can demonstrate that the technical feasibility of the project has been established; the Company intends to complete the asset for use or sale and has the ability to do so; the asset can generate probable future economic benefits; the technical and financial resources are available to complete the development; and the Company can reliably measure the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during its development. After initial recognition, internally generated intangible assets are recorded at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. These costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life. To date, the Company did not have any development costs that met the capitalization criteria.

 

Derivative liability

 

The Company accounts for its warrants as either equity or liabilities based upon the characteristics and provisions of each instrument. Warrants classified as equity are recorded at fair value as of the date of issuance on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and no further adjustments to their valuation are made. Warrants classified as derivative liabilities that require separate accounting as liabilities are recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at their fair value on the date of issuance and will be revalued on each subsequent balance sheet date until such instruments are exercised or expire, with any changes in the fair value between reporting periods recorded as other income or expense. Management estimates the fair value of these liabilities using option pricing models and assumptions that are based on the individual characteristics of the warrants or instruments on the valuation date, as well as assumptions for future financings, expected volatility, expected life, yield, and risk-free interest rate.

 

9

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

Change in accounting policy - Leases

 

In January 2016, the IASB issued IFRS 16 Leases (“IFRS 16”), which replaced IAS 17 Leases (“IAS 17”) and related interpretations. IFRS 16 introduces a single lessee accounting model eliminating the previous distinction between finance and operating leases. IFRS 16 requires the recognition of lease-related assets and liabilities on the balance sheet, except for short-term leases and leases of low value underlying assets. Lessor accounting remained substantially unchanged.

 

The Company adopted IFRS 16 on January 1, 2019. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under IAS 17 and IFRIC 4 Determining whether an Arrangement contains a Lease. In calculating the lease liability at this date, the Company has chosen to apply a practical expedient in IFRS 16 that allows for lease and non-lease components of a contract to be combined as a single lease component. This expedient has been applied to all contracts which have been identified to contain a lease per IFRS 16.

 

The adoption of IFRS 16 resulted in an increase of $2.1 million in total assets and total liabilities each for recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities, respectively, and had no impact to opening retained earnings as at January 1, 2019.

 

When measuring lease liabilities, the Company discounted lease payments using its incremental borrowing rate at Jan 1, 2019 of 5%-10%.

 

Operating lease commitment at December 31, 2018 as disclosed in the Company’s consolidated financial statement  $2,148,834 
Discounted using the incremental borrowing rate at January 1, 2019   178,677 
Finance lease liabilities recognized at December 31, 2018   1,970,157 
Extension options reasonably certain to be exercised   136,809 
Lease liabilities recognized at January 1, 2019  $2,106,966 

 

Impairment of assets

 

The carrying amount of the Company’s long-lived assets with finite useful lives (which include plant and equipment and intangible assets) is reviewed at each reporting date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognized in the statement of comprehensive loss.

 

The recoverable amount of assets is the greater of an asset’s fair value less cost to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. For an asset that does not generate cash inflows largely independent of those from other assets, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs.

 

An impairment loss is only reversed if there is an indication that the impairment loss may no longer exist and there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. Any reversal of impairment cannot increase the carrying value of the asset to an amount higher than the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized in previous years.

 

Goodwill and other intangible assets that have an indefinite useful life are not subject to amortization and are tested annually for impairment, or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist.

 

Income taxes

 

Current income tax:

 

Current income tax assets and liabilities for the current period are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date, in the countries where the Company operates and generates taxable income. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in other comprehensive income or equity is recognized in other comprehensive income or equity and not in profit or loss. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate.

 

10

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

Tax Credits:

 

The Company earns SR&ED tax credits with respect to its research and development expenses. The benefit of these SR&ED tax credits is recorded as a reduction of research and development expenses when their recoverability is reasonably expected. The SR&ED tax credits earned while the Company was Canadian Controlled Private Corporation are refundable to the Company and are recorded as a receivable, while the tax credits earned now that the Company is a public company (as defined under Canadian tax laws) can be used to reduce future Canadian income taxes payable.

 

Deferred income tax:

 

Deferred income tax is recognized, using the asset and liability method, on temporary differences at the reporting date arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes. The carrying amount of deferred income tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and recognized only to the extent that it is probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred income tax asset to be utilized. Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the year when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period. Deferred income tax assets and deferred income tax liabilities are offset if a deferred income taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

 

3.             Cash and cash equivalents

 

For the purposes of the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents comprise the following balances with original term to maturity of 90 days or less:

 

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Cash  $2,838,847   $2,443,938 
Cash equivalent   18,549,777    16,482,995 
   $21,388,624   $18,926,933 

 

4.             Receivables

 

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Trade receivable  $27,737   $84,443 
Construction contract asset   175,372    125,426 
GST receivable   418,866    278,182 
SR&ED tax credits receivable   1,056,193    675,000 
Other receivable   27,005    27,638 
   $1,705,173   $1,190,689 

 

5.             Plant and equipment

 

   Furniture
and
equipment
   Computer
hardware
and
software
   Vehicles   Leasehold
Improvements
   Right-of-use
assets
   Production
tooling and
molds
   Total 
Cost:                            
At December 31, 2017   290,843    73,654    390,050    101,200    -    914,060    1,769,807 
Additions    203,644    59,749    -    283,141    -    3,635,888    4,182,422 
Disposals   -    -    (2,001)   -    -    -    (2,001)
December 31, 2018   494,487    133,403    388,049    384,341    -    4,549,948    5,950,228 
Additions   69,530    59,651    -    94,970    2,073,509    1,039,342    3,337,002 
Disposals   -    (2,150)   -    -    -    -    (2,150)
June 30, 2019   564,017    190,904    388,049    479,311    2,073,509    5,589,290    9,285,080 
                                    
Amortization:                                   
At December 31, 2017   188,606    27,147    85,764    74,607    -    -    376,124 
Charge for the year   42,192    38,542    129,487    40,117    -    -    250,338 
At December 31, 2018   230,798    65,689    215,251    114,724    -    -    626,462 
Additions   37,502    28,246    64,743    54,323    334,655    -    519,469 
Disposals   -    (1,254)   -    -    -    -    (1,254)
June 30, 2019   268,300    92,681    279,994    169,047    334,655    -    1,144,677 
                                    
Net book value:                                   
At December 31, 2018  $263,689   $67,714   $172,798   $269,617   $-   $4,549,948   $5,323,766 
At June 30, 2019  $295,717   $98,223   $108,055   $310,264   $1,738,854   $5,589,290   $8,140,403 

 

11

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

On September 29, 2017, the Company entered into a manufacturing agreement with Chongqing Zongshen Automobile Co., Ltd. (“Zongshen”). Under the agreement, the Company agrees to reimburse Zongshen for the cost of prototype tooling and molds estimated to be CNY ¥9.5 million ($1.8 million), which was payable on or before March 18, 2018, subject to a 10% holdback, and mass production tooling and molds estimated to be CNY ¥39.3 million ($7.8 million), which shall be payable 50% when Zongshen commences manufacturing the tooling and molds, 40% when Zongshen completes manufacturing the tooling and molds, and 10% upon delivery to the Company of the first production vehicle. As at June 30, 2019, the Company has paid 90% of prototype tooling and molds and 51% of the mass production tooling and molds. Depreciation on the production tooling and molds is charged on a per unit produced basis and during the period no units had been produced using the production tooling and molds.

 

Under the agreement, the Company agreed that the minimum purchase commitments for units of the SOLO vehicle are to be as follows: 5,000 over a 12 month period from the start of mass production; over the next 12 month period, 20,000; and over the next 12 month period, 50,000, and which shall be payable following issue of Company’s purchase orders as follows: 30% 60 days prior to scheduled Zongshen production, and 70% after accepted vehicle delivery.

 

On October 16, 2017, the CEO of the Company (“Pledgor”) entered into a Share Pledge Agreement (“Share Pledge”) to guarantee the payment by the Company for the cost of the prototype tooling and molds estimated to be CNY ¥9.5 million ($1.8 million) to Zongshen through the pledge of 400,000 common shares of the Company. The Company approved its obligations under the Share Pledge and has agreed to reimburse the Pledgor on a one-for-one basis for any pledged shares realized by Zongshen.

 

6.             Goodwill and Intangible Assets

 

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Identifiable intangibles  $526,567   $529,067 
Goodwill   699,844    699,844 
Other intangibles   2,170    10,212 
   $1,228,581   $1,239,123 

 

7.             Trade payables and accrued liabilities

   June 30,
2019
   December 31,
2018
 
Trade payables  $405,354   $635,622 
Wages payables   85,908    80,573 
Due to related parties (Note 16)   123,199    83,331 
Accrued liabilities   55,906    463,335 
   $670,367   $1,262,861 

 

8.             Lease liabilities

 

Lease obligations relate to the Company’s rent of office space and warehouse space. The term of the leases expires on November 1, 2020, July 1, 2020, September 1, 2021 and August 1, 2022 with the Company holding an option to renew for a further five years for the office space.

 

As at June 30, 2019, the contractual undiscounted cash flows related to leases were as follows:

 

   Future minimum
lease payments
   Interest   Present value of
minimum lease
payments
 
Less than one year  $751,023   $125,354   $625,669 
Between one and five years   1,119,586    177,964    941,622 
More than five years   222,630    16,059    206,571 
   $2,093,239   $319,377    1,773,862 
Current portion of lease liabilities             625,669 
Non-current portion of lease liabilities            $1,148,193 

 

12

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

9.             Derivative liability

 

The exercise price of certain warrants is denominated in US dollars; however, the functional currency of the Company is the Canadian dollar. Consequently, the value of the proceeds on exercise is not fixed and will vary based on foreign exchange rate movements. The warrants when issued other than as compensation for goods and services are therefore a derivative for accounting purposes and are required to be recognized as a derivate liability and measured at fair value at each reporting period. Any changes in fair value from period to period are recorded as non-cash gain or loss in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. Upon exercise, the holders will pay the Company the respective exercise price for each warrant exercised in exchange for one common share of the Company and the fair value at the date of exercise and the associated non-cash liability will be reclassified to share capital. The non-cash liability associated with any warrants that expire unexercised will be recorded as a gain in the consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. There are no circumstances in which the Company would be required to pay any cash upon exercise or expiry of the warrants.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, warrants for 646,300 shares at USD $4.25 were exercised.

 

A reconciliation of the changes in fair values of the derivative liability is below:

 

    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Balance, beginning   $ 4,752,875     $ 3,655,690  
Warrants issued     -       8,935,289  
Warrants exercised     (607,133 )     (131,053 )
Changes in fair value of derivative liabilities     5,520,391       (7,707,051 )
Balance, ending   $ 9,666,133     $ 4,752,875  

 

10.           Share capital

 

Authorized share capital

 

Unlimited number of common shares without par value.

 

At June 30, 2019, the Company had 36,959,810 issued and outstanding common shares (December 31, 2018 – 32,332,343).

 

On January 15, 2019, we issued an aggregate of 32,000 common shares to three consultants as part of their consulting agreements with our Company.

 

On January 24, 2019, we issued 18,060 common shares to a consultant as part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

On January 31, 2019, we issued 29,950 common shares to settle debt for legal services for $50,000.

 

On February 14, 2019, we received $20,000 from our CEO for the exercise of warrants at a price of $0.80, issued 25,000 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 14, 2019, we issued 3,010 common shares to a consultant as a part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

On February 15, 2019, we received $180,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $0.80, we issued 225,000 common shares of the Company.

 

13

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

On February 20, 2019, we received an aggregate of USD$2,424,625 from three investors for the exercise of warrants at a price of USD$4.25, we issued 570,500 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 25, 2019, we received an aggregate of USD$322,150 from two investors for the exercise of warrants at a price of USD$4.25, we issued 75,800 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 28, 2019, we received of $125,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $2.00, we issued 62,500 common shares of the Company.

 

On February 28, 2019, we received of $50,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $2.00, we issued 25,000 common shares of the Company.

 

On March 2, 2019, we received of $50,000 from an investor for the exercise of warrants at a price of $0.80, we issued 62,500 common shares of the Company.

 

On March 14, 2019, we issued 10,000 common shares to a consultant as a part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

On March 27, 2019, the Company issued a total of 3,333,334 common shares for gross proceeds of $16,085,772. There were 93,020 common shares issued for services with a fair value of $201,077. Share issue costs related to these issuances was $1,360,551.

 

On April 2, 2019, we issued 13,010 common shares to consultants as a part of their consulting agreements with our Company.

 

On April 2, 2019, we received an aggregate of $145,153 from investors for the exercise of warrants with prices ranging from $0.80 to $4.00, we issued 70,023 common shares of the Company.

 

On May 15, 2019, we issued 25,010 common shares to consultants as a part of their consulting agreements with our Company.

 

On June 12, 2019 we received $17,504 from our employee for the exercise of stock options for $0.80, we issued 21,880 common shares of the Company.

 

On June 14, 2019 we received $17,504 from our employee for the exercise of stock options for $0.80, we issued 21,880 common shares of the Company.

 

On June 17, 2019, we issued 3,010 common shares to a consultant as a part of their consulting agreement with our Company.

 

Basic and fully diluted loss per share

 

The calculation of basic and fully diluted loss per share for the six-month ended June 30, 2019 was based on the loss attributable to common shareholders of $17,348,503 (June 30, 2018 - $5,020,189) and the weighted average number of common shares outstanding of 34,987,274 (2018- 24,571,944). Fully diluted loss per share did not include the effect of stock options and warrants as the effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

Stock options

 

The Company has adopted an incentive stock option plan, which provides that the Board of Directors of the Company may from time to time, in its discretion, grant to directors, officers, employees and technical consultants to the Company, non-transferable stock options to purchase common shares, provided that the number of common shares reserved for issuance will not exceed 30,000,000. Such options will be exercisable for a period of up to 7 years from the date of grant. Options may be exercised no later than 90 days following cessation of the optionee’s position with the Company.

 

Options granted vest one-quarter on the first anniversary subsequent to the grant date and the remaining three-quarters vest in thirty-six equal monthly instalments commencing on the first anniversary of the grant date.

 

On exercise, each option allows the holder to purchase one common share of the Company.

 

14

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

The changes in options during the period ended June 30, 2019 are as follows:

 

   June 30, 2019 
   Number of
options
   Weighted
average exercise
price
 
Options outstanding, beginning   4,756,174   $2.73 
Options granted   1,928,182    4.13 
Options exercised   (43,760)   0.80 
Options forfeited   (112,500)   8.41 
Options cancelled   (275,000)   11.75 
Options outstanding, ending   6,253,096   $2.13 

 

Details of options outstanding as at June 30, 2019 are as follows:

 

Exercise price   Weighted average
contractual life
  Number of options
outstanding
   Number of options
exercisable
 
$0.30   2.95 years   2,045,455    2,045,455 
$0.30   3.12 years   308,522    302,866 
$0.80   3.45 years   633,513    564,221 
$0.80   3.69 years   12,500    10,416 
$2.00   3.98 years   12,500    9,634 
$2.00   4.64 years   352,500    312,860 
$2.00   5.11 years   50,000    23,962 
$9.60 USD   5.52 years   205,000    86,212 
$6.18 USD   6.11 years   175,000    - 
$1.53 USD   4.39 years   120,000    60,000 
$5.00 USD   4.42 years   409,924    409,924 
$3.40 USD   6.72 years   1,228,182    738,182 
$2.62 USD   2.99 years   700,000    - 
     4.17 years   6,253,096    4,563,732 

 

The weighted average grant date fair value of options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $3.46. The fair value was calculated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following weighted average assumptions:

 

   Six months ended
June 30, 2019
 
Expected life of options   3 - 5 years 
Annualized volatility   62.29%
Risk-free interest rate   1.41%
Dividend rate   0%

 

During the six-month ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $2,551,027 (June 30, 2018 - $1,884,415).

  

Warrants

 

On exercise, each warrant allows the holder to purchase one common share of the Company.

 

The changes in warrants during the six months ended June 30, 2019 are as follows:

 

   June 30, 2019   December 31, 2018 
   Number of
warrants
   Weighted
average exercise
price
   Number of
warrants
   Weighted
average exercise
price
 
Warrants outstanding, beginning   22,369,718   $5.03    11,856,857   $4.70 
Warrants issued   -    -    10,807,093    5.36 
Warrants exercised   (1,116,323)   3.82    (294,232)   5.08 
Warrants outstanding, ending   21,253,395   $4.41    22,369,718   $5.03 

  

15

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

At June 30, 2019, all warrants outstanding, except for 212,500 placement agents’ warrants, were exercisable. Details of warrants outstanding as at June 30, 2019 are as follows:

 

Exercise Price   Weighted average
contractual life
  Number of
warrants
outstanding
 
Non-Transferable Warrants            
$0.80 CAD - $16.00 CAD   2.31 years     11,010,058  
$2.00 USD - $24.00 USD   4.17 years     5,741,969  
Transferable Warrants            
$4.25 USD   4.11 years     4,501,368  

 

11.           Warrant and Share based payment reserve

 

The share-based payment reserve records items are recognized as stock-based compensation expense and other share-based payments until such time that the stock options are exercised, at which time the corresponding amount will be transferred to share capital. If the options expire unexercised, the amount remains in the share-based payment reserve account.

 

12.           General and administrative expenses

 

   Three months ended   Six months ended 
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
 
Rent  $73,609   $85,919   $195,484   $173,041 
Office expenses   417,795    139,362    774,339    376,312 
Legal and professional   316,179    244,194    821,702    509,163 
Consulting fees   402,027    230,831    838,603    374,096 
Investor relations   62,171    72,325    208,702    162,383 
Salaries   319,882    161,625    665,508    314,478 
   $1,591,663   $934,256   $3,504,338   $1,909,473 

 

13.           Research and development expenses

 

   Three months ended   Six months ended 
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
 
Labour  $1,151,195   $841,866   $2,341,224   $1,527,434 
Materials   1,145,503    879,798    1,599,029    1,759,972 
Government grants   (381,193)   (3,065)   (381,193)   (8,630)
   $1,915,505   $1,718,599   $3,559,060   $3,278,776 

 

14.           Sales and marketing expenses

 

   Three months ended   Six months ended 
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
 
Consulting  $96,976   $57,294   $223,829   $119,515 
Marketing   170,761    64,875    288,143    213,854 
Salaries   172,801    74,445    300,566    142,875 
   $440,538   $196,614   $812,538   $476,244 

 

 

15.           Segmented information

 

The Company operates in two reportable business segments in Canada.

 

The two reportable business segments offer different products, require different production processes, and are based on how the financial information is produced internally for the purposes of making operating decisions. The following summary describes the operations of each of the Company’s reportable business segments:

 

·Electric Vehicles – development and manufacture of electric vehicles for mass markets, and
·Custom build vehicles – development and manufacture of high-end custom-built vehicles.

 

16

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

Sales between segments are accounted for at prices that approximate fair value. No business segments have been aggregated to form the above reportable business segments.

 

   Three months ended
June 30, 2019
   Three months ended
June 30, 2018
 
   Electric
Vehicles
   Custom Built
Vehicles
   Electric
Vehicles
   Custom Built
Vehicles
 
Revenue  $-   $159,862   $-   $279,366 
Gross profit (loss)   -    (6,790)   -    86,715 
Operating expenses   4,851,399    79,741    4,543,843    100,070 
Other items   (8,211,894)   (436)   (1,949,011)   8,028 
Current income tax   2,140    -    -    - 
Deferred income tax recovery   -    (6,419)   -    - 
Comprehensive loss (income)   (3,378,685)   79,676    2,594,832    21,383 

 

   Six months ended
June 30, 2019
   Six months ended
June 30, 2018
 
   Electric
Vehicles
   Custom Built
Vehicles
   Electric
Vehicles
   Custom Built
Vehicles
 
Revenue  $-   $261,266   $-   $445,499 
Gross profit (loss)   -    (1,538)   -    150,180 
Operating expenses   11,010,624    192,261    8,128,254    171,946 
Other items   6,188,326    2,789    (3,145,750)   15,919 
Current income tax   2,140    -    -    - 
Deferred income tax recovery   -    (49,175)   -    - 
Comprehensive loss   17,176,503    147,413    4,982,504    67,685 
                     

 

   June 30, 2019   December 31, 2018 
   Electric
Vehicles
   Custom Built
Vehicles
   Electric
Vehicles
   Custom Built
Vehicles
 
Inventory  $833,342   $229,577   $189,182   $231,555 
Plant and equipment   7,704,451    435,952    5,299,857    23,909 

 

16.            Related party transactions

 

Related party balances

 

The following amounts are due to related parties:

 

    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Shareholder loan   $ 4,153     $ 6,230  
Due to related parties (Note 7)     123,199       83,331  
    $ 127,352     $ 89,561  

 

These amounts are unsecured, non-interest bearing and have no fixed terms of repayment.

 

Key management personnel compensation

 

   Three months ended   Six months ended 
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
   June 30,
2019
   June 30,
2018
 
Consulting fees  $118,398   $72,000   $236,796   $132,000 
Salaries   154,667    88,000    298,667    176,000 
Director fees   77,928    45,601    160,478    45,601 
Stock-based compensation   308,626    510,566    1,956,146    632,128 
   $659,619   $716,167   $2,652,087   $985,729 

 

17

Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

17.           Financial instruments and financial risk management

 

The Company is exposed in varying degrees to a variety of financial instrument related risks. The Board of Directors approves and monitors the risk management processes, inclusive of controlling and reporting structures. The type of risk exposure and the way in which such exposure is managed is provided as follows:

 

Credit risk

 

Credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will fail to discharge an obligation and cause the other party to incur a financial loss. The Company’s primary exposure to credit risk is on its cash and cash equivalents held in bank accounts. The majority of cash is deposited in bank accounts held with major financial institutions in Canada. As most of the Company’s cash is held by one financial institution there is a concentration of credit risk. This risk is managed by using major financial institutions that are high credit quality financial institutions as determined by rating agencies. The Company’s secondary exposure to risk is on its receivables. This risk is minimal as receivables consist primarily of government grant and refundable government goods and services taxes.

 

Liquidity risk

 

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they fall due. The Company has a planning and budgeting process in place to help determine the funds required to support the Company’s normal operating requirements on an ongoing basis. The Company ensures that there are sufficient funds to meet its short-term business requirements, taking into account its anticipated cash flows from operations and its holdings of cash and cash equivalents.

 

Historically, the Company's source of funding has been shareholder loans and the issuance of equity securities for cash through private placements and public offerings. The Company’s access to financing is always uncertain. There can be no assurance of continued access to significant equity funding.

 

The following is an analysis of the contractual maturities of the Company’s non-derivative financial liabilities as at June 30, 2019:

 

At June 30, 2019   Within
one year
    Between one
and five years
    More than
five years
 
Trade payables   $ 528,553       -       -  
Accrued liabilities     141,814       -       -  
Customer deposits and contract liabilities     458,517       -       -  
Shareholder loan     4,153       -       -  
    $ 1,133,037     $ -     $ -  

 

At December 31, 2018   Within
one year
    Between one
and five years
    More than
five years
 
Trade payables   $ 718,953       -       -  
Accrued liabilities     543,908       -       -  
Customer deposits and contract liabilities     402,783       -       -  
Shareholder loan     6,230       -       -  
    $ 1,671,874     $ -     $ -  

 

Foreign exchange risk

 

Foreign currency risk is the risk that the fair values of future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because they are denominated in currencies that differ from the respective functional currency. The Company is exposed to currency risk as it incurs expenditures that are denominated in US dollars while its functional currency is the Canadian dollar. The Company does not hedge its exposure to fluctuations in foreign exchange rates.

 

The following is an analysis of Canadian dollar equivalent of financial assets and liabilities that are denominated in US dollars:

 

    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 19,940,435     $ 18,102,872  
Trade receivables     69,778       51,164  
Trade payables     (80,826 )     (382,087 )
Customer deposits     (98,281 )     -  
    $ 19,831,106     $ 17,771,949  

 

Based on the above net exposures, as at June 30, 2019, a 10% change in the US dollars to Canadian dollar exchange rate would impact the Company’s net loss by $1,983,111.

 

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Electrameccanica Vehicles Corp.

Notes to the Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Expressed in Canadian dollars - unaudited)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019

 

Interest rate risk

 

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value of future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. The Company is exposed to interest rate risk on its cash equivalents as these instruments have original maturities of twelve months or less and are therefore exposed to interest rate fluctuations on renewal. A 1% change in market interest rates would have an impact on the Company’s net loss of $185,498 for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Classification of financial instruments

 

Financial assets included in the statement of financial position are as follows:

 

    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Amortized cost:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 21,388,624     $ 18,926,933  
Receivables     1,705,173       1,190,689  
    $ 23,093,797     $ 20,117,622  

 

Financial liabilities included in the statement of financial position are as follows:

 

    June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
Non-derivative financial liabilities:                
Trade payable and accrued liabilities   $ 670,367     $ 1,262,861  
Customer deposits and contract liability     458,517       402,783  
Shareholder loan     4,153       6,230  
Derivative financial liabilities:                
Derivative liability     9,666,133       4,752,875  
    $ 10,799,170     $ 6,424,749  

 

Fair value

 

The fair value of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities approximates the carrying amount.

 

Financial instruments measured at fair value are classified into one of three levels in the fair value hierarchy according to the relative reliability of the inputs used to estimate the fair values. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are:

 

·Level 1 – Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

·Level 2 – Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability either directly or indirectly; and
·Level 3 – Inputs that are not based on observable market data.

 

Financial liabilities measured at fair value at December 31, 2018 consisted of the derivative liability, which is measured using level 1 inputs.

 

The fair value of the derivative liability relating to the transferrable warrants was calculated using the quoted market price on the NASDAQ.

 

The fair value of the derivative liability relating to the non-transferrable warrants was calculated using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model using historical volatility as an estimate of future volatility. At June 30, 2019, if the volatility used was increased by 10% the impact would be an increase to the derivate liability of $620,024 with a corresponding increase in the comprehensive loss.

 

18.       Capital management

 

The Company’s policy is to maintain a strong capital base so as to safeguard the Company’s ability to maintain its business and sustain future development of the business. The capital structure of the Company consists of equity. There were no changes in the Company’s approach to capital management during the year. The Company is not subject to any externally imposed capital requirements.

  

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